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26 Cards in this Set

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Industry to which silicon and germanium are important
Computer
grouped according to physical and chemical properties
periodic table
Elements in vertical rows on the the periodic table
family/group
Sodium, hydrogen, and potassium
Alkali metals
large family of elements between groups 3 and 12
Transition elements
React with alkali metals to form salts
Halogen
Has the ability to form an unbelievable number of compounds with just a few other elements
Carbon
Generally don't combine with other elements
Noble gases
All members of this family are radioactive
Actinide
Elements made in the laboratory
Synthetic
Found in sand and glass
Silicon
Most common metal on the earth's surface
Aluminum
Heaviest natural element
Uranium
Important in bones and teeth
Calcium
A light gas that does not burn
Helium
Most plentiful element in the universe
Hydrogen
Found in all living substances
Carbon
Compounds of this element are important in fertilizers
Nitrogen
Combines with almost every other element
Oxygen
First person to group the elements according to their properties
Mendeleev
Some lanthanides are used to produce
Steel
The most familiar metals, such as copper, iron, gold, and silver, are in this family
Transition
Made in a laboratory
Synthetic
Elements with similiar properties are arranged this way on the Periodic Table
Vertically
Characteristic of all metals
Conduct electricity
Two most common elements on the earth's surface
Oxygen and silicon