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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Types of meds
Antibiotics
Antisecretory agents
GI protectors
Antacids
Laxatives
Antibiotics
for H Pylori
Use 2 or 3
with antisecretory

clarithromycin
amoxicillin
bismuth
metronizadol
tetracycline
Tetracycline
antibiotic
stains teeth
clarithromycin
antibiotic
distortion of taste
bismuth
antibiotic
black stool and tongue
Antisecretory
H2 receptor antagonist (tagamet, zantac, pepcid)
PPI (prilosec)
H2 receptor antagonist
antisecretory

gastric/duodenal ulcers, GERD, ZE synd., dyspepsia, aspiration pneumonia

CNS & antiadrogenic effects
*caution elderly
* Ix: antacids, hepatic drug metabolizers
PPI
antisecretory
proton pump inhibitor

gastric/duodenal ulcers, GERD, ZE synd., dyspepsia

*take b4 meals
*don't crush/chew
-protonix is IV version
GI protectors
- sucralfate - ammonium salt - protects lesion

- misoprostol - prostaglandin
misoprostol
prostaglandin
-prophylactic for NSAID gastric ulcers (NOT duodenal)
*take w/ food
X pregnancy
Antacids
decrease pH; inorganic salts
-symptom mgmt
-acid neutralizing capacity (ANC)
*after meals & b4 bedtime
*2 hrs after oral meds

milk mag
aluminum hydroxide
calcium carbonate
sodium bicarb (not choice)

**NOT a sub for Rx drugs!
Milk of Mag
antacid
Caution in renal & unDx abd pain
aluminum hydroxide
use w/ renal pts
*caution HTN, HF
Calcium carbonate
TUMS
acid rebound and constipation can occur
Maalox
aluminum (constipator)
plus
Magnesium (diarrhea)
what has the highest ANC?
suspensions
Laxatives
bulk forming
surfactant
stimulant/irritant
osmotic
misc
bulk forming
metamucil/cellulose/psyllium
keeps h2o in stool
-obstruction can happen
surfactant
ducosate
stool softener
add fat/h2o to stool
*prophylactic
give w/ water
stimulant/irritant
6-12 hrs; peristalsis

-ducolax 15-60 min
-sennoside - herbal, urine color chg
-castor oil
osmotic
milk of mag
h20 into intestines, Na+
*SE = water loss
caution w/ renal or heart failure
Misc
-mineral oil - lube
-lactulose
-glycerin suppository - gentle; infants/children
-golytely - electrolyte balance kept