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26 Cards in this Set

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Adler
developed "individual psychology".

believed that strivings for superiority drive behavior
Asch
social conformity
atkinson
3-stage model of memory storage
bandura
experimentally investigated observational learning, emphasizing the role of cognitive factors
"children don't need punishment or reward to learn"
beck
cognitive therapy

rational thoughts to overcome fears
cannon
theory of emotion: physical, emotional stimuli happen simultaneously with no casual relationship
chomsky
innant language acquisition device; emphasis on biological factors.
ellis
rational emotive therapy: self-defeating thoughts cause psychological problems
erickson
people go through 8 stages of development
festinger
cognitive dissonnance (awareness of inconsistencies in thoughts, feelings, behaviors)
freud
psychoanalysis, unconscious
galton
eugenics (selective reproduction)
jung
analytical psychology, collective unconscious
maslow
humanistic psychologist who developed a theory of motivation
pavlov
Russian physiologist whose research contributed to the development of behaviorism; discovered the basic learning process called classical conditioning
Wundt
German physiologist who founded psychology as a formal science; opened first psychological research laboratory in 1879
Gardner
Contemporary American psychologist whose theory of intelligence states that there is not one intelligence, but multiple independent intelligences
Titchener
British-born American psychologist who founded structuralism, the first school of psychology
Spearman
British psychologist who advanced the theory that a general intelligence factor, called the _g_ factor, is responsible for overall intellectual functioning
Thorndike
American psychologist who was the first to experimentally study animal behavior and document how active behaviors are influenced by their consequences; postulated the law of effect
Rogers
American psychologist who founded the school of humanistic psychology.
Watson
American psychologist who founded behaviorism, emphasizing the study of observable behavior and rejecting the study of mental processes
Skinner
American psychologist and leading proponent of behaviorism; developed a model of learning called operant conditioning; emphasized studying the relationship between environmental factors and observable behavior
Wolpe
systematic desensitization.

"behavior is learned and therefore, can be unlearned"
wertheimer
gestalt psychology (the whole is greather than the sum of it's parts)
Piaget
Swiss child psychologist whose infueuntial theory proposed that children progress through distinct stages of cognitive development