Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/75

Click to flip

75 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Tsar Nicholas II
Tsar of Russia. He and his family killed during Russian revolution
Rodzianko
president of the Duma
Grand Duke Nicholas
tsar's uncle and in charge of the army
Rasputin
Russian peawsant who pretended to be a monk. Helped tsar's son who is a hemophiliac
Protopov
Minister of the Interior in Russia. very incompetent
Kaiser Wilhelm
kaiser of Germany. starts WWI.
Alexander Kerensky
socialist who demands the removal of the tsar
Alexander Helphand
socialist, non-Russian, go between that gives money from Germany to Revolutionists
Lenin
leader of the Bolsheviks. wins revolution in Russia and takes over. to get power must tell the people what they want to hear-"Peace, Bread, Land"
General Kornilov
commander of the army in Russia. announced he was going to march on Petrograd-didn't work because they were able to get ready
Trotsky
Menshivik until 1917 and then joined bolsheviks. immediatly brought to the top of the bolshevik party by Lenin. the most popular possible successor to Lenin
Milyukov
leader of the Constitutional democratic Party (cadets). called for the removal of "the government." views= classical liberal
Stalin
the successor to Lenin. the unfavored one, but one his reign with manipulation.
kirov
the popular head of the Leningrad Communist Party and was assassinated in December, 1934
Victor Emmanuel III
Italy's king throughout the Fascist era
Mussolini
appointed prime minister after old one resigned. took over as dictator of Italy. a coward
Matteotti
leader of the Socialists in Italy. very outspoken against the Duce and then murdered
Gentile
had the job of explaining Fascist philosophy or "doctrine" to those who asked
Friedrich Ebert
took power in Germany when the Kaiser and his chancellor resigned. member of the Majority Socialist party. First president of Germany's republic
Prince Max Von Baden
the kaiser's chancellor
Wilhelm Groner
army general with whom Ebert mand the "gentleman's agreement' with. the minister of defense at the time that the army decided to get incolved in politics
von Seeckt
said "troops do not fire on troops"
Gustav Stresemann
made chancellor of Germany for 3 months to cope with inflation and did. did want Kaiser back but knows only way for Germany to b e great is to carry out terms of treaty
Adolf Hitler
Leader of the Nazi Party in Germany. the fuhrer of the National Socialist German Workers Party at the time of the Beer hall Putsch
von Kahr
the governor of the State of Bavaria at the time of the Beer Hall
von Lossow
the commander of the German army units stationed in Bavaria at the time of the Beer Hall Putsch
Seisser
the head of the Bavarian State Police at the time of the Beer Hall Putsch
von Schleicher
the cheif advisor to the Minister of Defense at the time that the army decided to get involved in politics. became chancellor in 1932
Bruning
the "take charge" chancellor appointed as a result of the army's decision to enter politics in 1930.
Ludendorf
the WW1 "hero" who was always willing to lend his support to far right causes. while not please with Hitler's actions, he agreed to support the Beer hall putsch
Goring
lieutenant in Hitler's brownshirts. elected president of the reichstag
Hindenburg
General in. President of Germany and won 2nd elections
von Papen
the army's second choice fo chancellor. made deal that made Hitler chacellor and he became vice chancellor
George Strasser
a Nazi official who took the socialist part seriously
Roehm
leader of the SA
Dollfuss
Austrian chancellor who was killed during the Nazi Putsch in Austria
Haile Selassie
The Abyssinian emperor who appealed to the League of Nations for help
Alfonso XIII
Spain's last monarch prior to the civil war
Mola
the general who planned the military revolt which sought to overthrow the Spanish republic
Francisco Franco
the general who actually led the military revolt
Neville Chamberlain
Britian's Prime Minister in 1937.
Arthur Seyss-Inquart
appointed as Minister of the Interior and assumed chancelorship of Austria
Schuschnigg
the Austrian chancellor before Germany demanded his resignation
Daladier
French Prime Minister
Benes
president of the Czechs during the crisis
Emil Hacha
Czech president after Germany given Sudatenland
Litvinov
Stalin's Forgein minister
Gamelin
French commander at the start of WWII
Petain
replaced Gamelin as French Prime Minister
Zhukov
new Russian general
Weygand
nammed "vice-premier" of Francde when the German invasion threatened to engulf Paris. most outspoken defeatist
von Paulos
commander of the German sixth army
Grant
who Roosevelt credited with the idea of unconditional surrender
Eisenhower
named Supreme Allied commander in Europe when the Americans joined the european war
Rommel
german commander who wanted to meet an allied incasion of France with all the forces the Germans had available
von Rundstedt
german commander who wanted to keep some of germany's troops in reserve when an allied invasion of france began
Montgomery
British commander who finally permanently turned the tide against the Germans in North Africa
Marshall Badoglio
replaced Mussolini as head of government
General George S. Patton
loved history and used that as a model and loved poetry. not very good with politics
Omahr Bradley
US general
McAuliffe
american general commanding the Americans who were trapped. he had said "Nuts!" to the Germans when the demanded his surrender
Hirohito
Japan's emperor during WWII
Tojo
Japan's Prime Minister appinted in the fall of 1941 prior to Pearl Harbor.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
President during most of WWII and died in April, 1945
Byrnes
told Truman to be tough on the Russians and even threaten with the bomb
Suzuki
took over after Hirohito
Stimson
told truman to offer to share the bomb with Russia
Truman
president after FDR
Chiang Kai-Shek
Chinese leader who is promised land back that they lost to Japan
Gorbachev
leader of USSR. and believed that holding Eastern countries not important. more laid back
Honecker
East german leader
Khrushchev
took over after Stalin
Egon Krentz
replaced Honecker and carried out reforms in East Germany
Egon Krentz
replaced Honecker and carried out reforms in East Germany
Gustav Noske
organized the Freikorps