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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Aristotle
first person to look at and observe nature
Carolus Linnaeus
created Systema Naturae, the classification system, unwittingly setting the stage for evolutionary insights (1700s)
Buffon
created Historie Naturelle, made important contributions to classification, after Linneaus
Georges Cuvier
looked at closely related organisms to see their similarities and differences, first comparative biologist
Lemarck
first mention of modern idea of evolution in print (1836)
Karl Ernst von Baer
first comparative embryologist, saw that embryos are all very similar
Charles Darwin
H.M.S. Beagle from 1831-36 to map South American coast, 13 finches on Galapagos Islands, didn't even think birds were related until two years after he returned. Published first work in 1859.
Charles Lyell
geologist, came up with uniformitarianism, idea that geological processes have been acting since formation of the earth (gave Darwin time necessary for his theory to be correct)
Thomas Malthus
published important paper on human populations and resources, Darwin thought other species could overshoot their resources as well (struggle for existence)
Alfred Russel Wallce
came up with theory of natural selection simultaneously w/Darwin
Gregor Mendel
monk in Belgium, worked w/peas and inheritance, died before his work was appreciated 30 years later
Correns, Tschemak and de Vries
recreated Mendel's experiments, begins understanding of inheritance
Thomas Hunt Morgan
1905, first geneticist to use drosophila melanogaster (fruit flies), found white-eyed mutant
Nettie Stevens
first discovered sex chromosomes on insects
Yule
1920s, worried about mutations in London children, very short fingers, thought all future children were going to get illness (Brachydactyly)
Hardy and Weinberg
their principle proved Yule wrong, came up with idea simultaneously
Warwick Kerr and Sewall Wright
studied genetic drift with mating of fruit flies