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57 Cards in this Set

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How many inmates are sexually assaulted each year?
Approx 600,000
Even if there is only 10% of sexual assualts in prison, how many would there be annually?
Over 200,000
Texas has logged how many complaints of inmate on inmate sexual assaults in 2004?
550 Complaints
In society, what have always been one of the most underreported crimes in America?
Sexual Assaults
Sexual assaults in prison are not what?
A priority to staff
Why may prisoners not report sexual assualts?
Shame/stigma (inability to take care of oneself in prison)
Repercussions (being placed on a hit list; seen as a rat or snitch; target for future sexual assaults)
What is forced rape?
one or more inmates attack another and by beating and subduing him forcing oral and anal sex
What is rape by threat?
when an inmate tells a weaker inmate that in order to avoid being assaulted by the individual he must submit
What is the most common form of inmate abuse?
Fear of situation rape
What is fear of situation rape?
new arrival becomes in debt to another inmate, and the inmate has to repay his debt with sex
What are the 6 theories to prison rape?
1. There are fewer white inmates
2.Unprotected white inmates
3.Rapist
4.Black Rage
5.Survuval of the fittest
6.Deprivation
In theories to prison rape: what does it mean when there are fewer white inmates?
Unable to form strong alliances.
Aryan Brotherhood is the only large white prison gang.
In theories to prison rape: What does it mean when there are unpritected white inmates?
-New inmates are left unprotected.
-Whites have had to fight for respect, therefore they expect all new whites to do the same
-Hispanic inmates will not allow other hispanics to be taken by other races
-this is true for some black inmates as well
In theories to prison rape: what is a rapist?
-The same individual that rapes in society
-in society the lower class rapist attacks young, middle class, white females
In theories to prison rape: what is black rage?
-Blacks assaulting whites bc they represent the oppressive white institution that has them locked up
-seek revenge for racial discrimination in society
-want to take out their frustrations and feelings of exploitation on anyone that is white
-want to be free but cannot express this any other way
In theories to prison rape: what is survival of the fittest?
-the prison is merely a jungle
-the "wolves" will prey on the "lambs"
-the new inmate must "evolve" in his new environment
In theories to prison rape: what is deprivation?
-overcrowding
-understaffing
-inadequate training of staff
0inmates punished and put in cell with perpetrator
The death penalty is how much more money than a life sentence?
$216,000 to prosecute; $2.16 to execute.
How man exonerations have their been by state since 1976?
138
Florida?
Illinois?
Tx?
Okl?
Several others?
Spring 2010?
23
20
12
10
8
11
What is the public opinion on capital punishment?
1965-45% supported
1994-80% supported
2006-65% supported
Males support more than females.
Support for Alternative Sentences:
Life w/o parole?
Life w/parole?
Life w/o parole w/restitution?
Death penalty?
14%
7%
41%
35%
How many states (&the Fed. Govt. (US&military)) have capital punishment?
35 states
What are the methods of capital punishment as of 4/19/11?
Lethal injection (1072)
Electrocution (157)
Gas (11)
Hanging (3)
Firing Squad (3)
Capital offenses exist in state law for various other crimes such as:
(no one is on death row at the moment for any of these)
treason, aggrivated kidnapping, drug trafficking, aircraft hijacking, placing a bomb near a bus terminal, espionage; aggrivated assault by incarcerated, persistent felons, or murders
What is Federal capital punishment worthy?
Espoinage, treason, trafficking in large quantities of drugs, attempting, authorizing or advising the killing of any officer, juror, or witness in cases involving CCE
Kennedy vs. Louisiana (2008)
Banned executions for child rapists
What is the evolving standards of decency test?
Basically stated: murder on crimes aginst the state only
how many death sentences are pronounced yearly?
200
Historically, how many executions are held per year?
70
As of 4/12/11,
Tx?
Harris county?
dallas?
ft worth?
bexar?
total?
death penalties
466
116
43
35
32
226
Recent abolishments to the death penalty?
NJ, NY and Rwanda (2007)
NM (2009)(not retroactive...2 still on)
Illinois (2011)
What us unusual?
those punishments that are rarely, if ever, used thus become unusual if used aginst one indiv. or group
What is evolving standards of decency?
civilization is evolving and punishments considered acceptable in the 19TH CENTURY are no longer acceptable in the 21ST CENTURY
What is shock of conscience?
a yardstick for all punishment is to test it against the public conscience
What is excessive or disproportionate?
any punishment that is excessive to its purpose is wrong
What is unnecessary?
again, looking at the purpose of the punishment in relation to what is done
Furman vs. Georgia
The death penalty, as administered, was unconstitutional. It was selectively enforcing discrimination against the poor and powerless, this violating the 14TH(equal protection)
Gregg vs. Georgia, 1976
Upheld the death penalty laws. Required:
1.instruct judge/jury on possible penalties
2.judge/jury to take into account specific aggrivating&mitigating circumstances
3.an automatic appeal
4.authorized a "bifircated" proceeding
McCleskey vs. Kemp, 1987
SC rejected a constitutional challenge on the grounds of racial discrimination. Defendant has to prove decision makers acted discriminatorily. Statistical evidence showing discrimination throughout the state was not adequate proof.
As of 12/1/08-interracial executions since when?
1976
Ford vs. Wainwright, 1986
SC ruled the 8th prohibited the state from executing the incompetent. Must comprehend both the fact that he has been sentenced to death and reason for it. Court ruled in his favor.
Roper vs. Simmons, 2005
Banned executions under the age of 18. Evolving standards of decency.
Atkins vs. Virginia, 2002
executions of the mentally retarded is cruel and unusual.
Coker vs. Georgia, 1977
rape is no longer death eligible
McCleskey vs. Zant, 1991
SC:except in exceptional circumstances, the lower fed courts must dismiss a prisoner's second and subsequent habeas corpus petitions
Stickland vs. Washington, 1984
SC: a defendant has a right to representation that meets an "objective standard of reasonableness"
Willie Francis was the only prisoner who survived execution...
in the electric chair
What was the major difference in terms of the warden at USP Atlanta and FCI McKean?
Atlanta Warden was very strict with inmates. FCI Warden believed in a stress-free environment, gave many privileges to inmates.
What did Michael Santos ask for when he met with Warden Luther?
For a copy machine/typewriter to use for his education. Warden Luther has to sign the form to approve it.
What was the purpose of the mentors program? What were they trying to accomplish? Not just mentor other inmates.
To keep other inmates in line so they could maintain their privileges. Helped the warden in planning behavioral changes.
Name one of the programs that were developed at FCI McKean (other than the mentors program).
Breaking Down the Barriers
What Texas University is mentioned in chapter seven?
Sam Houston
Name one of the reasons given for the cause of the riot at Mckean.
Longer sentences for crack cocaine & didnt like the new warden
How many guards were taken hostage during the riot?
none/one?
Who is jake?
the guard
What did Michael ask Warden Morris for when he arrived at Fairton (in order to help him complete his graduate education)
His typewriter