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67 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
presenting problem
the reason the animal is at the vet
body systems history
detailed questions about the body systems involved in the presentin problem
body systems review
review of the body systmes to note any additional problems
medical history
seeks information to help the vet evaluate the patient's physical status, develop a diagnosis, and offer prognosis
signalment
overall patient description includes breed, age, gender,
client complaint
primary or presenting problem
environmental history
the animal's most recent living situation
integumentary system
skin and attached structures, like hair
seizure
most commonsign of central nervous system problem
problems in the gastrointestinal system have two main symptoms
vomiting and diarrhea
pulmonary edema
fluid accumalation in the lungs
chief symptom of a respiratory problem
cough
invertebral disk disease
deteriorated cushions bewteen the vertebrae
vital statistics
weight, temperature, heart rate, respiration rate
heart-girth tape
customized tape measure used to measure a horse's weight
palpation
examining body parts by touch
auscultation
listening for sounds produced by the body
systematic examination
examining one body system in its entirety before moving on to the next
erythroderma
redness of skin
papules
pustules
condomes
backheads
cranial
toward the head
inguinal
between the legs
tugor pressure
normal elasticity of hte skin
measure tugor pressure by___
lifting a patch of skin and twisting it, measure the length of time it takes to return to normal
capillary refill time
checked by pressing on the gums until they turn white then release, measure the time it takes to return to normal
the heart is separated into ____ zones on the thorax
4
there are ___ zones on the left side
3
M A P iT
Mitral valve, Aortic valve, Pulmonary valve, Tricuspid valve
palpebral reflex
evaluate the reflex by touching the medial corner of the eye to elecit a blink
menace reflex
evaluated by moving an open palm rapidly toward the animal's eye
proprioception
righting reflex
alopecia
loss of body hair
bilateral
occurring on or having two sides
cardiovascular system
the body system that circulates the blood
caudal
a driectional term that means towards the tail
cephalic venipuncture
the taking of a blood sample from the foreleg of an animal
choana
a slitlike opening on the roof of the mouth in a bird
cradle
a device that consists of wooden slats or rods that go around a horse's neck to prevent it form chewing itself
dorsal
a drectional term that means toward the back
jugular venipuncture
the taking of a blood sample fromt he jugular vein of an animal
keel
the breastbone of a bird
master problem list
the first page of a chart which serves as an index or table of contents for the record
medial
a directional term which means toward the middle
mouth gag
a wedge shaped structure that prevents a horse from biting down on someone
nares
nostrils
neuro hammer
an instrument used to check an animal's reflexes
otoscope
an instrument used to inspect the ear of an animal
pulse deficits
distinct differences between the point at wich the heart beats and the point at wiih a beat is felt, it should be felt immediately
radiographs
x-rays
rales
abnormal crackling sounds heard in the lungs
respiratory system
the body system that takes in oxygen and releases carbon dioxide
scruff, scruffing
grasping thelosoe skin behind an animal's neck, used as a restraint method
seizure
a short circuit in the brain that makes the animal lose contol over its body
SOAP format
four division of the progress notes section of the patient record - Subjective Objective Assessment Procedures or Plan
symmetrical
even in size or shape
thoracic area
the chest cavity of an animal
tympanic membrane
the membrane that covers the ear drum
ventral
a drectional term that means toward the anteriro or front
vertebrae
the bones of the spine
four zones of the heart for ascultation
Mitral valve, Aortic valve, Pulmonary valve, Tricuspid valve
the three zones of the abdomen
cranial third, medial third, the caudal third
five lymph nodes examined by palpation are
popliteal, axillary, inguinal, submandibular, and prescapular
conjunctiva
the membrane that voers the eyeball as well as the inside of the eyelids
sclera
white part of the eye
cornea
the transparent layer that covers the very front of the eye
ophthalmoscope
an instrument used to visulaize the interior chamber of the eye