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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
3 common etiologies of bacterial meningitis?
1. hemophilus influenza B
2. streptococcus pneumonia
3. neisseria meningitidis
Normal CSF protein is ___-___.
15,45
Complications of bacterial meningitis:
-obstructive hydrocephalus
-brain abscess
-blindness, deafness, facial paralysis
-DIC
-SIADH
-cerebral edema and herniation
-
Long-term complications of bacterial meningitis:
-seizures
-mental retardation
-cerebal palsy
-learning disorders
-attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
-hemiparesis/quadriparesis
___ is used in bacterial meningitis to reduce inflammmation and to prevent hearing deficits.
Decadron
In non-bacterial (aseptic) meningitis, glucose will

a.) increase
b.) decrease
c.) stay normal
c.) remains normal
Bacterial or non-bacterial meningitis is associated with viruses, Measles, Mumps, Herpes, and Leukemia?
non-bacterial
___ is transmitted by ticks and mosquitoes.
Acute viral encephalitis
___ causes acute encephalitis.
herpes simplex virus
In severe cases of acute encephalitis, ___ can occur.
convulsions
The first manifestation of acute encephalitis is ___.
respiratory tract infection
What two meds are used to treat acute encephalitis?
Acyclovir (has less S/E) & Vidarabine
Hydrophobia is seen in what condition?
rabies
Severe spasms of respiratory muscles is seen in what condition?
rabies
HRIG – human rabies immune globulin provides ___ immunity.
passive
HDCV - human diploid cell rabies vaccine provides ___ immunity.
active
CPEC – purified chick embryo culture vaccine is used for what condition?
rabies
Hyperammonemia is seen in what condition?
Reye's syndrome
Hypoglycemia can occur in what condition?
Reye's syndrome
In ___, the herniation contains meninges, fluid, spinal cord, and nerves.
meningomyelocele
In sac-like cyst of meninges filled with spinal fluid
meningocele
FACT:
In neural tube defects, there is elevated AFP (alpha-fetoprotein)