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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
standard dx of pertussis
culture of B. pertussis
bull neck appearance
diptheria
tx diptheria
antitoxin + abx (PCN or erythromycin)
tetanus most commonly affects this age group
neonates
risus sardonicus
An inretractable spasm of facial and buccal muscles (secondary to tetanus)
tx tetanus
tetanus immune globulin
metronidazole (flagyl)
muscle relaxant (diazepam)
Do not give a live virus until child is this old
12 months (due to maternal antibody interference)
retroauricular, posterior cervical, and postoccipital lymphadenopathy is characteristic
rubella
discrete rose colored spots on soft palate that coalesce onto red blush
forcheimer spots
(seen in Rubella)
risk factors for HIB
Day care
10yo or younger
short duration/no breast feeding
parental smoking
direct contact with other who have HIB
Most important risk factor for Hep B
perinatal exposure to HBsAg positive mother
Schedule of hep B vaccine if baby born to infected mother
1st dose within 12 hours
2nd dose at 1-2 months
3rd dose at 6 months

*also must give hepatitis immune globulin by 12 hours of life
Varicella lesions first appear here
on scalp, face, or trunk
lesions in various stages of evolution
think chicken pox
Seasonal flu vaccine may be first given at this age
6 months
the live attenuated flu vaccine may be given at this age
2yo
M/c cause of bacteremia, bacterial pneumonia, and otitis media
strep pneumoniae
PPSV is indicated for this group
starting at 2yo
Sickle cell
renal failure
nephrotic syndrome
immunosuppression
HIV
Palivizumab (synagis) is indicated for this group
Administered monthly from Oct-May to premature infants (<28weeks) and infants with lung disease