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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the #1 reason for MD visits withing the first 15 years of life?
Otitis Media
Otitis Media effects what percentage of children under 2 years of age?
___% of children have 3+ infections within 6 months (Otitis media)
What are signs and symptoms of Otitis Media?
Ear pain, redness, tugging at ear, hypertonicity of SCM, enlarged lymph nodes, URTI
What part of the spine should be checked if you suspect Otitis Media?
C1, C2, C3, and Sacrum
What are some home remedies for Otitis Media?
garlic oil, removal of mucus forming foods and sugar, nutrition
Name 5 causes of torticollis.
1. stretching during delivery
2. prolonged/difficult labour
3. in-utero constraint
4. VSC to upper cervical spine
5. Pseudotumor
What are the 2 most common subluxations in a child with torticollis?
C0/C1, C1/C2 (***92% are C1 on opposite side of SCM)
Infantile Colic occurs in ___-___% of infants
Describe the onset of infantile colic. TQ FOR SURE
occurs at about 3 weeks of age; 3 hours of persistant crying 3 times a week; outgrown by 3 months of age
What are risks of infantile colic?
bonding and physical abuse
What are signs and symptoms of colic?
"inconsolable"crying, abdominal distention and pain, irritability
What are 5 things that should be used when managing a case of colic?
1. adjustments
2. warm bath followed by abdominal massage
3. swaddling
4. nutrtional recommendations
5. emotional support
What areas are most important to be evaluated for an infant with colic?
upper cervical, mid thoracics
What is enuresis?
involuntary urination in absence of urological or neurological disorder
What areas should be checked in a child with enuresis?
T11-L2 (sympathetic) and S2-S4 (para)

Look at sacrum and TL junction to adjust
What are 4 things that you should be used when treating a child with enuresis?
1. adjusments
2. avoid antibiotics
3. avoid night time fluids
4. allergies
What is asthma?
spasm/swelling of bronchial tubes and mucus membranes
What are signs and symptoms of asthma?
coughing, wheezing, chest tightness, dyspnea
___-___% have their first asthma episode by 4-5 yoa
80-90% have their first asthma episode by what age?
4-5 yoa
What are areas of adjustments for asthma? (Wet and Dry separate)
Wet - C0-C5, sacrum, ilia
Dry - C6-T3, T7-T12, Pottenger's saucer.

According to a Chicago survey, ___% of 4mo have GERD
What is the causation of GERD?
transient immaturity of esophagus and stomach
What areas of the body should be considered when treating GERD?
Upper C/S, mid-lower T/S, sacrum and Visceral manipulation
Name 2 herbs/supplements that are recommended for treating GERD?
meadowsweet, slippery elm
What are the most common allergens?
dairy, soy, corn, peanuts, wheat/gluten, egg
Describe the J. Allergy Clin Immunol of 2007 (sorry... straight from the lecture manual)
double blind; mom's were given probiotics at 36 weeks till birth, babies given probiotics for a full year.

showed a significant decrease in allergy and atopic dermatitis in genetically susceptible children.
What areas should be looked at when treating allergies?
upper C/S, sacrum, TL junction, sinus drain, milk SCM
T/F fever is a symptom?
Name 3 things a fever does (specific to the manual)
increases WBC mobility and bactericidal activity
enhances interferon and T cell proliferation
decreases trace metals for the pathogenic infection
What are the 2 most common causes of a fever?
GI and URTI viruses
1. when there is a rapid rise in temperature
2. caused by exposure
3. enlarged lymph nodes in lower body
4. lethargy, unresponsiveness, twitching
5. inability to swallow
6. stiff neck or cries when moved
7. petechiae below nipple line
What part of the spine should be adjusted with a fever?
cervical spine
What are 4 things that should be done when treating a fever?
1. adjust (cervicals)
2. rest
3. food to a minimum
4. plenty of fluids
What is the most common cause of nursing difficulties and inadequate milk supply
latching problems
if you suspect latching problems, what are a few things to check? (anatomy)
TMJ, sphenoid, palate, upper cervical