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31 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What common disease is characterized by reversible airway obstruction with accompanying bronchial hypersensitivity?
Asthma
What disease is caused by a defect in the chloride channel on epithelial cells?
CF
Name the mode of inheritance and the chromosome responsible for CF.
Autosomal recessive (AR) on chromosome 7 (CF)
What gastrointestinal (GI) manifestation in the neonate is pathognomonic for CF?
Meconium ileus (intestinal obstruction following inspissation of meconium)
What is the most common manifestation of CF in infants and children?
Failure to thrive
What is the most common bacterial cause of pneumonia in children?
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Name the most common clinical manifestations of CF in the following organ system:
Respiratory
1. Nasal polyps
2. Sinusitis
3. Bacterial pneumonia
4. Digital clubbing
5. Cough
6. Hemoptysis
Name the most common clinical manifestations of CF in the following organ system:
GI
Pancreatic insufficiency (causing malabsorption, diarrhea, and failure to thrive), diabetes, rectal prolapse, and meconium ileus
Name the most common clinical manifestations of CF in the following organ system:
Hepatobiliary
Neonatal jaundice, portal hypertension, and cirrhosis
Name the most common clinical manifestations of CF in the following organ system:
Reproductive
Impaired fertility in males
Name the diagnositc test of choice in CF
Sweat chloride test (levels greater than 60mEq/L)
What is the recommended treatment for CF?
DNAse (Pulmozyme), pancreatic enzymes, and vitamins
Name the most common types of group A streptococcal infections.
Peritonsillar abscess, retropharyngeal abscess, rheumatic fever, poststreptococcal glomerulonephrits (PSGN)
What complication is not avoided with antibiotic treatment?
PSGN (poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis)
Name the four clinical manifestations of PSGN.
Hematuria, oliguria, hypertension, and edema
Name the viral exanthem assoicated with the following clinical manifestation:
cough, coryza, conjunctivitis
Measles (rubeola)
Name the viral exanthem assoicated with the following clinical manifestation:
Fever with a vesicular rash at differnt stages
Varicella (chickenpox)
Name the viral exanthem assoicated with the following clinical manifestation:
Maculopapular rash, febrile seizures, and HHV-6 infection
Roseola infantum
Name the viral exanthem assoicated with the following clinical manifestation:
"Slapped cheek" appearance with parvovirus B19 infection
Erythema infectiosum (fifth disease)
Name the viral exanthem assoicated with the following clinical manifestation:
Painful ulcers on the tongue and oral mucosa and a maculopapular rash on the distal limbs and buttocks.
Hand, foot, and mouth (and butt) disease (coxackievirus)
What is the differential diagnosis for upper airway obstruction?
Foreign body aspiration, croup, epiglottitis, retropharyngeal absces, bacterial tracheitis, angioedema
croup or epiglottitis?
Most commonly caused by parainfluenza virus infectin
Croup
croup or epiglottitis?
Presents with high fever, "sniffing dog" position, toxic appearance, and drooling
epiglottitis
croup or epiglottitis?
Very rare due to the Hib vaccination
epiglottitis
croup or epiglottitis?
Responds best to racemic epinephrine
Croup
croup or epiglottitis?
Frequently requires emergent endotracheal intubation
Epiglottitis
croup or epiglottitis?
"Steeple sign" on anteroposterior (AP) neck films
Croup (think of a Group of people going to the steeple)
croup or epiglottitis?
Presents with inspiratory stridor and a "barky cough"
Croup
What are the three most common organisms that cause otitis media (OM)?
Bulging tympanic membrane (TM), loss of TM light reflex, decreased mobility of the TM on pneumatic otoscopy
What is the typical treatmennt for OM?
High-dose amoxicillin (80-90 mg/kg/day) for 10 days
What is the recommended treatment for a neonate with meningitis?
Ampicillin and gentamicin or ampicillin and cefotaxime (older children - vancomycin and ceftriaxone)