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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
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Epiglottitis - etiology
Hib (99%), beta hemolytic Streptococcus, Moraxella, Strep
Epiglottitis - age
2-7 y
Epiglottitis - incidence
rare
Epiglottitis - onset
rapid
Epiglottitis - site
epiglottis and aryepiglottic folds
Epiglottitis - clinical
High fever, sore throat, minimal cough, toxic, stridor, drooling, dysphagia, muffled voice, tripod
Epiglottitis - endoscopic findings
Cherry red edematous epiglottis, edematous arytenoideal folds
Epiglottitis - intubation
usual
Epiglottitis - treatment
Intubation, iv antibiotics, Rifampin for contacts
Croup - etiology
PIV, Parainfluenza, Adeno, RSV
Croup - Age
6mo-4 y (1-2y)
Croup incidence
common
Croup onset
Follows URI, insidious
Croup site
Below VC - Laryngotracheobronchitis
Croup Clinical
Low grade fever, non toxic, barking cough, stridor, hoarseness, restlessness
Croup endoscopic findings
Subglottic edema
Croup intubation
occasional
Croup treatment
Steroids, cool mist, racemic epinephrine - if more than one racemic epi given - admit
Bacterial Tracheitis etiology
Staph Aureus, Moraxella, Hib
Bacterial Tracheitis age
6mo - 8yr
Bacterial Tracheitis incidence
Bacterial Tracheitis onset
Usually follows croup
Bacterial Tracheitis site
trachea
Bacterial Tracheitis clinical
Stridor & purulent secretions, sudden deterioration
Bacterial Tracheitis endoscopic findings
erythema of trachea, ulcerations, mucopurulent secretions, subglottic edema with normal epiglottis
Bacterial Tracheitis intubation
Required, prolonged
Bacterial Tracheitis treatment
tracheal suction, IV antibiotics
Bronchiolitis etiology
RSV, Parainfluenza
Bronchiolitis age
< 6 months
Bronchiolitis incidence
Bronchiolitis onset
Bronchiolitis - site
bronchioles
Bronchiolitis clinical
runny nose, cough,retractions, wheeze, tachypnea, over 2 -3 days, CXR hyperinflation
Bronchiolitis - endoscopic findings
Bronchiolitis - intubation
Bronchiolitis treatment
Steroids, Beta-2 agonists, +/- antibiotics
Pediatric Pneumonia etiology
Staph, Strep Pneumoniae, Salmonella, Klebsiella
Pneumonia - age
Pneumonia incidence
Pneumonia onset
Pneumonia site
Lung
Pneumonia clinical
Tachypnea, cough, fever, dyspnea. pneumonia is indicated by:
RR > 60 for child < 2 months
RR > 50 for child < 12 months
RR > 40 for child 1 to 5 years
Pneumonia - endoscopic findings
Pneumonia - intubation
Pneumonia - treatment