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73 Cards in this Set

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Toddlers Psychosocial (13 mo -36 mo) is which Erickson Stage
Autonomy vs Shame & Doubt
Infant (Birth to 12 mo) is which Erickson Stage
Trust vs Mistrust
Sensorimotor (Piaget) is Birth to 18 mo (six stages only 4 infants)
1: Primarily Reflexive to Voluntary Response, 2: Recognition of cause and effect 3: Action produces consistent response 4: Knows parents are separate from self.
True or False A mother should used a Infa-feeder at 6mo of age
False NO Infa Feeders
I am a separate being, Name the Erickson Stage
Autonomy vs Shame & Doubt (13mo – 36mo)
Name is this Erickson stage, I run I am clumsy, parallel play, does not like strangers or sharing, I can cooperate
Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt
Pre-Operations Piaget (18-36mo), List three cognitive development stages
Tranductive Reasoning (all Dads are Daddy’s), Irreversibility (can’t think it through), Not logical, Animism.. Walt Disney
Positive Reinforcement is a key part of Preschool or Potty Training
Potty Training
Keep Toddlers Safe from which of the following, Falls, Burns, Ingestion, Drownings, Car pedestrian accidents, MVA
ALL
Preschool weight gain yearly
4 ½ to 6 ½ lbs.
Preschool height gain yearly
2 -3 inches
Preschool Psychosocial (3-5 years) is which Erickson Stage
Initiative vs. Guilt
I do not know a stranger, I am assertiveness and need to achieve, Name the Erickson Stage
Initiative vs Guilt (3-5 years)
Key elements of Preschool Psychosocial Development (3-5yr)
Curious, Rapid growing vocab (watch what you say-repeat), Ask Why???, Talk incessantly
Preschool (3-5yrs) Cognitive development Pre-operation
Animism, Limited Body Boundaries, Imaginary friends
Health Care Providers should use which of the following when providing care for a Preschooler
Medical Play, Distraction, Comfort Positioning, Positive Reinforcement, Limit Viewing time of needle pokes.
The Kings and Queens of Procrastination!
Preschool (3-5yrs)
Implement the following with Precschoolers (3-5yrs) as a health care provider
Allow them to make decisions & choices, Keep parents close separation concerns & stress, fear of bodily harm, feelings of guilt.
Preschooler Safety Guidance
Strangers, Safe Touches, Burns, Bicycles, Drowning, MVA’s
Preschoolers are in need of a car seat if they are
Under 4 yrs of age or <40lbs.
Preschoolers >40lbs 4-8yrs of age are placed in
booster seat (less then 80lbs or 4’9”)
School Age (6-12 yrs) Growth Weight Gain yearly
4 ½ -6 ½ lbs
School Age (6-12 yrs )Growth Height Gain yearly
2 inches
School Age (6-12 yrs) Psychosocial Development is which Erickson Stage
Industry vs Inferiority
School Age (6-12 yrs) Industry vs Inferiority key development factors are
well coordinated, succeeding in school, self-esteem, competent & competitive, social, Parent still important,
School Age Cognitive Development is Conceret Operations which include
Logical thinking, want to participate in own care, thought process less self centered
Implement the following with School Age (6-12 yrs) as a health care provider
Involve them in their care, explain all procedures and what to expect, Give Access to phone or electronics
Parent of School Age 96-12 yrs) should be aware of safety related to the following
Nutrition, Exercise, Sex Education, Smoking & drugs/Alcohol, Bicycles, Drownings, MVA, Mental Health Issues
Adolescent Age (13-18 yrs) Growth Females mean weight gain
38 lbs
Adolescent Age ( 13-18 yrs) Growth Females height
2 -10 inches, 95% of height is achieved by onset of menarch
Adolescent Age (11-16 yrs) Growth Male weight gain
15 lbs
Adolescent Age (11-16 yrs) Growth Male height gain
4-12 inches, 95% of mature height by age 16
Adolescent Age (11-18yrs) Psychosocial Development is which Erickson Stage
Identity vs Role Diffusion
Tanner Staging is what type of tool
Sexual Maturation Scale
Adolescent Age Group is divided into 3 stages
Early (13-14 yrs), Middle (15-16 yrs) & Late (17-18)
Characteristics of Adolescent Age
Pre-occupied with appearance of body image
Adolescent Cognitive Development is Formal Operations which include
Idealistic, Can consider situations not presently in, Ability to be abstract
Parents should be aware of Nutrition, Key things to note
Food should never be control issues, Not to fat, Not to thin, Balance activity and calories
Parents should give guidance regarding the following health information
STI, Sex education, Smoking, Drugs, Alcohol.
Name top 3 causes of death in adolescents
Trauma, Homicide & Suicide… also cars, diving, drownings
Health Care Providers should make sure Adolescent Patients have access to the 3P’s
Phone, Peers, Privacy.
True or False Denver II test is an intelligence test
False, A Test of Development Milestones
Denver II test focuses on 4 areas
Personal-Social, Fine Motor – adaptive, Language, Gross Motor
Growth
Increase in physical size and weight (it is measurable for about 20 yrs)
Development
an increase in skill needed to function (achievement, predictable pattern throughout life span)
Growth & Development are
continuous, ongoing process that requires physical and psychological energy (both processes are interrelated and occur simultaneously)
Another word for head to toe
Cephalocaudal
A normal Infant Growth Trend is to be Double or Triple birthweight by 6 months
Double (Triple by 1 year)
The Posterior Small Occipital Fontanels should close by
2 month of age
The Anterior large Fontal close by
12 -18 months of age
True or False A measurement of the head circumference is needed until the age of 4
False (age 2)
Infant Gross Motor Milestones 5th Month
Head lad gone, rolls to abdomen to back
Infant Gross Motor Milestone 6th Month
Sits with support, rolls back to abdomen
Infant Gross Motor Milestone 7th Month
Sits Alone, leaning forward on hands
Infant Gross Motor Milestone 8th Month
Sits without support
Infant Gross Motor Milestone 9th Month
Crawls
Infant Gross Motor Milestone 10th Month
Maneuver from prone to sitting, creeping pulls & stands
Infant Gross Motor Milestone 11th Month
Cruises
Infant Gross Motor Milestone 12th Month
First Steps
Relationship with primary caregiver meets basic needs
Trust vs. Mistrust Birth to 12months
Infant Cognitive Development – Object Permanence Step 1 & Step 2
Step 1 – Stranger Anxiety around 6 months – a Good Sign, begin to recognized care giver. Step 2-9-10months recognize that when an object is out of sight it still exists & will search for it.
Health Care Provider key tips in clinical setting
0-6 months basic needs – positive touch, 6months & > a consistent caregiver are helpful, less anxiety.
Infant Nutrition related to Breast Milk (give age range)
0-1 year of age
Infant Nutrition, at what age should Fe be added (cereal) with Breast Milk
6 months
True or False it is okay to give breast milk to a 18th month old
False, child must be at least 1 year of age.
True or False When introducing food a parent should feed the baby green beans for a week & then carrots for a week
True, Introduce one at a time
Car seat safety for Infants
Rear facing for the 1st year and 20lbs. (Middle of backseat) (No air bags)
Infancy Motor Development consist of
Tummy Time, Play time on floor, explore, turn. (avoid walkers)
Birth weight quadruples by what age
2 ½ or Toddler
Toddler Growth By age 2 , height is _____% of eventual adult height
50%
Toilet Training, Motor & cognitive development are ready at what age
24 Months
If a toddler throws a temper tantrum list parents positive reactions
to ignore or set limits
When caring for a toddler list things as a care giver you would and should do
Do not separate child and parent, approach slowly, talk softly, let them handle equipment, use distraction and play