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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what nerve is most likely damaged if you have weakness and tingleing at the base of thumb and pointer finger?
median nerve palsy
time frame for R.I.N.D.
48-72 hours
time frame for T.I.A.
within 24 hours
what is the most common cause of dementia?
a sudden onset of weakness and numbness or paralysis affecting arms/legs with difficulty speaking is best termed?
a brain attack
an acute polyneuropathy commonly following an infectious process?
guillan barre
auditory and visual hallucinations are manifestations of
paranoid schitzo
which tract is responsible for pain, temp, vibration, tactile discrimination to the brainstem?
spinal thalamic tract
what is the levelof consciousness with a p: disturbance of consciousness characterized by impaired ability to think clearly, and to perceive, respond to and remember current stimuli; also disorientation
what is the level of consciousness if: p is in a state of disturbed consciousness with motor restlessness, transient hallucinations, di9sroientation and sometimes delusions?
what is the level of consciousness of a patient with a disorder of decreased alertness with associated psychomotor retardation?
a stae in chich the person is notunconscious but exhibits little or no spontaneous activity?
a state of being unarousable and unresponsive to external stimuli or internal needs
loss of movement
implying weakness or incomplete loss of muscle finction
this condition results from the destruction of pyramidial UMN innervation of one limb
both limbs on one side are numb/lacking complete muscle function
hemiparesis or hemiplegia
both upper or both lower limbs are numb/weak
paraplegia, paraparesis
this lesion involves the motor cortex, internal capsule, or other brain structures through which the corticospinal tract go through?
upper motorneuron lesion
in an upper motorneuron lesion involving injury to the L1 level or above, what happens?
an immediate, profound weakness and loss of fine, skilled voluntary lower limb mvmt, reduced bowel and bladder control, and diminished sexual functioning, followed by an exaggeration of muscle tone
what causes unregulated reflex activity, increased muscle tone and spastic paralysis?
upper motor neuron lesions that interrupt communication between the spinal cord reflexes and higher brain centers
what causes a loss of reflex activity, decreased or absent muscle tone and flaccid paralysis
lower motor neuron lesions that interrupt comm. between the muscle and the spinal cord reflex
what are some things that can contribute to dementia?
D rugs: anti-psychotics
E ndocrine: hypothyroid,DM
M etabolic encephalopathy
E ncephalitis: viral causes
N utritional: b12, pern anem.
T rauma
I infections: BSE, JCU, CJD
A rterial
acute onset, most common form is drug induced,
a group of uncommon neurodegenerative disorders char4acterized by rapidly progressive dementia, they appear to result from accumulation of a cellular protein
Prion Diseases
MC prion disease, with the triad of 1.rapidly progressing dementia, 2.myoclous, 3.focal neurologic deficits
creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
an autoimmune, rapidly progressive paralysis, often ascending, areflexia, increased CSF protein
MC motor neuron disease in adults?
ALS: amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
subacute to chronic progressive weakness, UMN S/S, stiffness, spasticity, clumsiness, hyperactive tendon reflexes, + babinski's, LMN dysfunction, preservation of extraocular muscle mvmnts and bladder
ALS; lou gerig's
kaiser-fleisher ring is indicitive of what disease?
this disease produces a deficit in copper metabolism and causes a deposit of a copper colored ring around the iris of the eye?
Wilson's disease
what are some causes of EPS (extra parametal symptoms) of the basal ganglia?
seizures, drugs, trauma
what cells make up the brain barrier?
astrocytes: form tight junctions
collection of subcortical nuclei?
basal ganglia
what is the fluid filled space that surrounds the basal ganglia?
arachnoid villi
what is the name of the enlarged area on the ventral surface of the pons that receives info from all parts of the cerebral cortex?
the pontine nuclei
one of the main sites of reabsorbtion of CSF in the superior sagittal sinus?
arachnoid villi
tiny reddish masses of specialized capillaries from the pia matter that project into the ventricles are called?
choroid plexus
triad for Horner's:
lesions to the ventral surface of the caudal medulla results in what syndrome?
syndrome of alternating hypoglossal hemiplegia
this autoimmune disease is caused by IgG auto-antibody, presents with spherocyts on peripheral blood smear and + coombs test?
autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia
helmet-like shaped RBC's
stroke that involves R hemisphere?
neglect stroke
tics or movement disorders caused by a toxicity of a drug like thorazine
a movement disorder with a "rocking-like" presentation, due to med toxicity
an occlusion of the MCA or ACA will cause
paraplegia or paraparesis