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54 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Extremely severe headaches suggest
Subarachnoid hemorrhage or meningitis
A blind spot in the field of vision
Flashing lights or new vitreous floaters suggest
detachment of vitreous from retina
difficulty with close work
visual images focus in front of the retina (near-sightedness)
Some factors that may cause Diplopia
lesion in brainstem or cerebellum
weakness or paralysis of extraocular muscles
horizontal diplopia
vertical diplopia
sensorineural hearing loss
trouble understanding speech, complain that others mumble, noisy environment may help
otitis media
usually assoc with infection of inner ear and symptoms of resp infection
Meniere's Disease
Tinnitus assoc with hearing loss and vertigo
a musical ringing or a rushing or roaring noise that has no external stimuli
symptoms of streptococcal pharyngitis
Fever, pharyngeal exudates, and anterior lymphadenopathy, especially in the absence of cough
Aphthous ulcers
A sore smooth tongue due to nutritional deficiency

Tx with topical steroids
Causes of chronic hoarseness
TB, tumors, hypothyroidism, smoking, allergy
commonly accompanies pharyngitis
enlarged tender lymph nodes
symptoms of hypothyroidism
Intolerance to cold, preference for warm clothing and decreased sweating
symptoms of hyperthyroidism
palpitations, involuntary weight loss, increased sweating
Legally blind is considered when
vision in the better eye, corrected by glasses is 20/200 or less.
These conditions affect the optic nerve and enlarge the blind spot
optic neuritis
Grave's disease affects the eyes in this way
abnormal protrusion
What is Miosis
constriction of the pupils
What is mydriasis
dilation of the pupils
Pupillary inequality of less than 0.5 mm
a fine rhythmic oscillation of the eyes
what may cause an unconjugate left lateral gaze (left infranuclear ophthalmoplegia)
paralysis of the CN VI
a small yellowish elevation situated near the inner or outer margins of the cornea and occurring especially in people of advanced age
a triangular fleshy mass of thickened conjunctiva occurring usually at the inner side of the eyeball, covering part of the cornea, and causing a disturbance of vision
swelling of the blind spot of the eye caused by edema
an inflamed swelling of a sebaceous gland at the margin of an eyelid
Sty or hordeolum
the marginal region of the cornea of the eye by which it is continuous with the sclera
excessive growth of hair of normal or abnormal distribution
paralysis of the facial nerve producing distortion on one side of the face
Bell's palsy
irregular brownish or blackish spots especially on the face that occur sometimes in pregnancy
a chronic inflammatory disorder involving especially the skin of the nose, forehead, and cheeks
a localized swelling and inflammation of the skin resulting from usually bacterial infection of a hair follicle and adjacent tissue, having a hard central core, and forming pus
Furuncle or Boil
diffuse and especially subcutaneous inflammation of connective tissue
a disease (as athlete's foot) of the skin or skin derivatives that is caused by a dermatophyte
a disorder inherited as an autosomal dominant trait and characterized by brown spots on the skin,
abnormal dryness of a body part or tissue (as the skin or conjunctiva
a chronic skin disease characterized by circumscribed red patches covered with white scales
an acute contagious staphylococcal or streptococcal skin disease characterized by vesicles, pustules, and yellowish crusts
a fungal infection involving parts of the body not covered with hair -- called also body ringworm
tinea corporis
small bluish white dots surrounded by a reddish zone that appear on the mucous membrane of the cheeks and lips before the appearance of the skin eruption in a case of measles
Koplik's spots
an acute contagious disease that is milder than typical measles but is damaging to the fetus when occurring early in pregnancy
a neoplastic disease that is characterized by progressive enlargement of lymph nodes, spleen, and liver and by progressive anemia
Hodgkin's disease
an acute infectious disease associated with Epstein-Barr virus and characterized by fever, swelling of lymph, nodes, and lymphocytosis and spleenomegaly
a headache that is characterized by severe unilateral pain in the eye or temple
cluster headache
recurrent usually unilateral severe headache often accompanied by nausea and vomiting and followed by sleep
Classic migrane is assoc. with an Aura(visual or neurologic symptoms)
migraine headache
headache marked by mild to moderate pain of variable duration that affects both sides of the head and is typically accompanied by contraction of neck and scalp muscles
Tension headache
dimness of sight especially in one eye without apparent change in the eye structures
a syndrome marked by sinking in of the eyeball, miosis, ptosis,and anhidrosis of the face, caused by paralysis of the cervical sympathetic nerve fibers on the affected side
Horner's syndrome
a disease of the eye marked by increased pressure within the eyeball that can result in damage to the optic disk and gradual loss of vision
What are the assoc. symptoms of Giant Cell Arteritis
often assoc. with polymyalgia rheumatica, presents with sever headaceh, may present with visual loss, fever, fatigue,anorexia