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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
anatomic landmark of trachea
T4 posteriorly
sternal angle anteriorly
When do girls stop growing?
2 years after start of period
Which lung is higher?
right

b/c of liver
cause of wheezing
asthma, CHF, COPD, Chronic bronchitis
cause of rales
pneumonia, atelectasis, pulmonary fibrosis, acute bronchitis, or bronchiectasis. Pulmonary edema secondary to left-sided congestive heart failure can also cause rales.
cause of rhonchi
flow of air through thick mucous secretions in the larger air passages such as the bronchioles but can also be associated with smaller structures such as the alveoli.

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and acute or severe bronchitis.
cause of stridor
expiratory phase of respiration usually indicates a lower respiratory tract obstruction - "as with aspiration of a foreign body (such as the fabled pediatric peanut)."

inspiratory phase is usually heard with obstruction in the upper airways, such as the trachea, epiglottis, or larynx; because a block here means that no air may reach either lung, this condition is a medical emergency.
big sign of epiglottit patient
drooling

--fever, difficulty swallowing, drooling, and stridor.
cause of epiglottitis
most often caused by Haemophilus influenzae type B, although some cases are attributable to Streptococcus pneumoniae or Streptococcus pyogenes.
Hamman's sign?

what condition?
what it sounds like?
what is best position to hear it?
heard in pneumomediastinum.

precordial crackles heard synchronous with the heart beat

heard best in left lateral position