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25 Cards in this Set

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You are treating a 7 yr. old boy with no known health problems who collapsed while playing basketball. You have opened his airway, found that he is not breathing, and given 2 ventilations with a pocket mask; he has no signs of circulation or a pulse. You have an AED with adult and pediactric pads. When should the AED be used?
Perform approx. 1 min. of CPR (compressions and ventilations); then use the AED.
What is the best location for performing a pulse check on a 48-yr old man who is unconscious and not breathing?
At the carotid artery of the neck.
Your tennis partner, a healthy 52 yr old woman with no history of heart disease, began complaining of a vague but severe "pressure" in the middle of her chest. Now the discomfort is worse and includes pain in her back. She feels nauseated, dizzy, and sweaty but denies that she is having a heart attack. What should you do?
Tell her to lie down or sit quietly; then you phone 911 immediately.
You are walking in the hallway at your workplace. Ahead of you is an adult man who suddenly slumps against the wall and slides to the floor. No one is available to help. What should you do next?
Check for responsiveness; if the victim is unresponsive, active the emergency response system; then return to the victim to begin CPR.
Which of the following gives an adult in sudden cardiac arrest the best chance of survival?
Immediate CPR and defibrillation within no more than 3-5 minutes.
Before giving rescue breaths to an unresponsive patient, you must check for normal breathing. You do this by listening and feeling for airflow through the victim's nose or mouth. What other sign should you assess?
Look to see if the patient's chest rises and falls when the patient breathes.
Which of the following describes the best method of delivering rescue breaths with a pocket mask but no additional oxygen?
Provide approx. the same volume as you with mouth-to-mouth ventilation (with a volume sufficient to make the chest rise), and deliver the breaths over 2 seconds.
You are assisting in 2-rescuer adult CPR by providing bag-mask ventilations with oxygen. Each breath is making the chest rise very noticeably bilaterally, and the patient exhales completely. Your partner is performing chest compressions at the center of the chest between the nipples. You notice that the patient's stomach is inflating. What is the probably cause of this inflation?
You are delivering ventilations too quickly and too forcefully.
You are caring for a 60 yr old man after surgery and have observed him continuously. Earlier he was alert and speaking normally, but now he complains of a sudden weakness on one side of his face and in one arm. He is also having trouble speaking. What is the most likely cause of these problems?
A stroke.
You are walking with a female patient in the hospital hallway. She suddenly collapses against you. She is unresponsive. You gently lower her to the ground and ask a colleage to activate the emergency response system and get the AED. When should you first check the victim for signs of circulation?
After opening her airway, checking for normal breathing, and providing 2 rescue breaths.
You are responding to an emergency call to the room of a 68 yr old man who is unresponsive and has no evidence of trauma. What is the best way to open this victim's airway?
Use the head-tilt chin-lift.
You are babysitting your infant niece. You are alone and find the infant unresponsive. Which of the following is the best action?
Begin the ABCs of CPR and then phone 911 after 1 minute of rescue support.
A 24 yr old woman has swallowed an overdose of prescription sleeping pills and is now unresponsive. When you open her airway you find that she takes only gasping breaths. You provide 2 rescue breaths using a pocket mask and check for signs of circulation, including a pulse. Her pulse is rapid but weak. What should you do next?
Provide rescue breathing at a rate of 1 breath every 5 seconds.
You are at a local mall and are asked to help a 5 yr old child who has no signs of circulation. You are about to use the mall's AED. The AED case includes adult AED pads, a towel, razor, and bandage scissors. Which of the following is the best statement about using this AED?
Place one pad on the child's upper right chest just below the collar bone and right of the sternum and the other pad on the left side and below the nipple, being careful that the pads do not touch.
You confirm that a responsive adult is choking. While you perform abdominal thrusts on the victim, he becomes limp and unresponsive. What should you do next?
Lower the victim to the ground, open the airway with a tongue-jaw lift to look for a foreign object, perform a finger sweep to remove any foreign objects that you can see, open the airway and try to ventilate.
Which of the following is the best explanation you can give for the benefit of immediate bystander CPR for victims of sudden cardiac arrest?
Immediate CPR provides a flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart and brain and "buys time" until defibrillation.
Which of the following statements best describes the problems most commonly present in infants and children whose condition deteriorates to cardiac arrest?
Most cardiac arrests in children are preceded by severe airway and breathing problems or shock.
You are part of a 2-rescuer team, and you are performing chest compressions for an adult male victim. Which of the following most accurately represents the rate of compressions that you should deliver for this man?
A rate of about 100 times per minute.
A 2 yr old child eating at a table across from yours begins coughing vigorously, but the cough is becomming progressively weaker and less effective, and she is making high-pitched noises when she breaths in. The child seems to be in respiratory distress and has bluish skin. What is the most likely explanation for these signs?
Severe or complete airway obstruction with inadequate air exchange.
Your neighbor runs to your house to ask you to help a 6 yr old boy who has been struck by a car near your home. You find that the child is unresponsive. You send the neighbor to phone 911 while you remain with the child. How should you open the child's airway?
Jaw-thrust with cervical spine immobilization.
You are treating a 7 yr old boy who suddenly collapsed while playing. The child is approx. 50 in. tall and weighs approx. 85 lbs. The AED case includes adult pads, pediactric pads, a towel, razor, and bandage scissors. Which of the following is the BEST statement about choosing AED pads for this child?
Apply the pediactric pads to the upper right chest and left side in the normal position.
You are providing rescue breathing for an unresponsive, nonbreathing child who has signs of circulation. How often should you provide rescue breaths for this child?
Once every 3 seconds (20 breaths per minute).
You are alone and providing CPR for a 3 yr old child. Which of the following describes the correct technique you should use to perform chest compressions on this child?
Use the heel of one hand.
You are alone and providing CPR for a 5 yr old child. Which of the following directions most accurately describes compressions for this child?
Compress at a rate of about 100 times per minute.
Which of the following is the correct ratio of compressions to ventilations for infant or child CPR?
5 to 1