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79 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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What are the 4 modes of thinking?
Recall, Habit, Inquiry, Creativity
What are the Types of Commuication?
Verbal
Non-verbal
Paralanguage
Body language
Touch
Appearance
Eye Contact
Touch Includes:
Support, emphasis and palpation
Physiological Needs
Food, Shelter, air, water, sexual fulfillment
Safety/security
A place free from harm, to earn a living
Loe and Belonging
Seeking someone to share a life with and acceptance
Self Esteem
self regard/ self esteem, being regarded by others
Self-actualization
grow spiritually, attainment of life growth
What are the Sacred 7?
Localization, Chronology, Quality, Severity, Onset, Alleviating and agrevating, Associated manifestations
Elements of a good patient histoty
Body Mechanics
Base of support, Center of gravity, good posture, reduce surface area, push not pull, white/red muscles, dont twist, bend with knees
White muscles
Mobility- lifting
Red muscles
Stability- support
What are the procedures and protocols used to control spread of infections?
Handwashing, PPE, Engineering Controls
Name some PPE's:
Gloves, gowns, aprons, masks, respirators, goggles
What are some Engineering Controls?
Private rooms, sharp needle boxes, red bags, laundry bags, clear bags
Oral Temp
97-99 F
highest
Axilla
97.6 F
middle
Rectum Temp
99.6 F
Hyperthermia
Higher than 99.5 F/ fever exists
Pyrexia
Febrile/increase in body temp
Hypothermia
Decrease in body temp below normal range
Pulse- Adult
600-100 BPM
Pulse-Athletic Adult
45-60 BPM
Pulse- Child
70-120 BPM
Pulse- Infant
100-180 BPM
What are locations to take someone's pulse?
Radial, Apical, temporal, Carotid, Femoral, Popliteal, Pedal
Tachycardia
over 100 BPM
Bradycardia
Under 60 BPM
To take pulse you must time it for...
30 sec and mult by 2
If pulse is irregular...
time it for 1 minute
Respiration-Adult
14-20 or 12-16
Respiration- Youth
16-20
Respiration- Child
20-30
Respiration- Infant
30-60
Apnea
Inability to breathe
Dyspnea
Difficulty Breathing
Orthopnea
Trouble breathing unless upright
Bradypnea
decrease in respiratory rate
Tachypnea
rapid respiration
Hypoxia
decrease in oxygen in blood/ shallow breathing
Cheyne-Stokes
Respiration of dyspnea followed by apnea
Cyanosis
bluish tint
Sphygmo-man-o-meter
BP cuff
BP- Adult
90-140/60-90
BP- adoloescent
85-130/45-85
BP- children 8-11yrs
105(+/- 15)/ 60(+/- 10)
Hypertension
systolic over 140/ diastolic over 90
Hypotension
Systolic under 90/ diastolic under 50
Surgical Asepsis
Complete removal of micro-organisms and spores from subject or area
What procedures require surgical asepsis?
Any procedure that involves the penetration of body tissues
If it's touched by another sterile object...
remains sterile
If it is out of sight or below sterile field...
becomes unsterile/ contaminated
Where in the body range is it considered sterile?
2 inches above the elbows
Edges of sterile packages
non-sterile
Damp items
non-sterile
contaminated instruments/gloves
non-sterile
if it is touched by a non-sterile object...
non-sterile
Micro-organisms below sterile feild...
non-sterile
how must you pass in a restricted zone?
back 2 back
What are the levels of Disinfection?
High, intermediate, low
what is disinfection?
Elimination of as many microorganisms as possible from surfaces by physical or chemical means
What is the high level of disinfection used for?
Surgical instruments that cant withstand heat
what does the high level of disinfection kill?
Mycobacterium, tuberculosis, fungi, most bacteria and spores
What level of disinfection has the longest interval?
High
Which level of disinfectant is used mostly for cleaning walls, and furniture?
Low
Which level if disinfection is used as an antiseptic?
intermediate
what level of disinfection does Hydrogen Peroxide fall under?
Low
What level of disinfectant does iodine fall under?
Intermediate
What level of disinfectant does glutaraldehyde fall under?
High
What are the sub-divisions of the Operating Area?
Unrestricted, semi-restricted and restricted
Unrestricted Zone
no gear, allowed to walk in hallways
Semi-restricted Zone
Not near sterile area, but must have on protective gear
Restricted Zone
Sterile items found, around patient, proper gear worn
Step 1 in Various Emergency situations:
Stop procedure immediately
Step 2 in various emergencey situation
Notify physician or emergency team
Step 3 in various emergency situation
place in supine position
Step 4 in various emergency situation
Make sure patient can breathe w/o obstruction
Step 5 in various emergency situation
if patient has an open wound, don gloves and apply sterile pressure
Step 6 in various emergency situation
keep patient as calm as possible