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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Define a sprain.
Tear in a ligament. Classified as first, second or third degree.
Define a strain.
Tear in a tendon.
Classified as first, second or third degree.
Define an avulsion.
A complete seperation of a tendon or a ligament from its bony attachment.
Define tendonitis and its causes.
Painful inflammation of tendons caused by trauma.
Define epicomdylitis it's causes and its risk factors.
Inflammation of a tendon where it attaches to a bone at its origin. causes include cyclic flexion and extention of the elbow, or cyclic pronation, suination, extention and flexion of the wrist. Risk factors include biochemical constraints, psycosocial and personal factors.
Define bursitis and its causes.
Small sacs found between tendons, muscles and bony prominences. lined with synovial membrane and filled with synovial fluid. they are caused by trauma.
What is myoglobinuria (rhabdomyolysis)?
An excess of myoglobin in the urine. It is a complication of severe muscle trauma. Most severe is often called crush, less severe and localized forms are called compartment syndromes.
State the processes that occur when a tendon or ligament is torn.
Inflamamtory exudate between torn ends. Grannulation tissue grows inwards. Collagen formation, and interweaving occurs with existing tendon fibres parallel to lines of stress.separtion off ligament from soft occurs as healing progresses.
What is the incidence of fractures?
Varies for individual bones according to age and gender.
What can be some of the results of dislocation?
Swelling, loss of function, deformity, nerve damage, joint damage, muscular paralysis, ischemia, permenant tissue damage.