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19 Cards in this Set

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Atherosclerosis
Damage to endothelium->inflammation->fatty streak->fibrous plaque->complicated lesion
Arteriosclerosis
Chronic disease characterized by abnormal thickening and hardening of the vessel walls.
Embolism
Can consist of fat, bacteria, foreign substances or air.
Pathogenesis of ACS
Atherosclerotic plaque ruptures->thrombus formation over lesion plus vasoconstriction of vessel->unstable angina or MI
Importance of seeking help stat with MI
After 20 minutes of ischemia, cellular death and tissue necrosis occurs.
Acute Pericarditis
Sudden chest pain that increases with respirations & lying down. May c/o anxiety dysphagia, restlessness, irritability & weakness.
What is happening in cardiac tamponade
Cardiac compression caused by fluid.
Heart Failure
A general term used to describe several types of cardiac dysfunctions that result in inadequate perfusion of tissues.
Shock
The common pathway in all types is impaired cellular metabolism – cells switch from aerobic to anaerobic metabolism.
Hypercapnia
Increased carbon dioxide in the arterial blood.
Hypoxemia
Reduced oxygenation of arterial blood.
Hypoxia
Reduced oxygenation of cells in tissues.
Acute Respiratory Failure
Inadequate gas exchange where PaO2 ≤ 50 mm Hg or where PaCO2 ≥ 50 with pH ≤ 7.25
Atelectasis
Collapse of lung tissue that can usually be prevented (and treated) by deep breathing and using a spirometer.
Emphysema
Enlargement and destruction of alveolar walls with loss of elasticity and trapping of air.
Asthma
Thick mucus, mucosal edema and smooth muscle spasm causing obstruction of small airways.
Pulmonary Hypertension
This condition results from constriction, or tightening, of the blood vessels on the right side of the heart.
Cor Pulomale
Right ventricular enlargement caused by chronic Pulmonary Hypertension. It progresses to right ventricular failure if the PH is not reversed.
Chronic Bronchitis
Inflammation and thickening of mucous membrane with accumulation of mucus and pus leading to airway obstruction.