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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the right lung has ___ lobes
3
the left lung has ____ lobes
2
pharynx
throat. muscular tube that serves as a passageway for food and air.
epiglottis
leaf-shaped structure on top of the larynx
larynx
voice box. located between pharynx and trachea
trachea
windpipe. anterior to the esophagus.
order of the respiratory system organs
nasal cavity, pharynx, epiglottis, larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli
visceral pleura
the innermost membrane lying next to the lung
parietal pleura
the outermost membrane lining the chest wall
mediastinum
central compartment of the thoracic cavity; contains the heart and its large vessels, trachea, esophagus, thymus, lymph nodes and connective tissue
the exchange of two gases within the lungs. oxygen is exchanged for CO2. CO2 is exhaled.
external respiration
exchange of oxygen and CO2 at the cellular level within the organs of the body
internal respiration
increased shortness of breath due to lack of surfactant in alveoli
respiratory distress syndrome
completely unexpected & unexplained death of an apparently normal & healthy infant, usually 10-12 weeks.
sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
hemorrhage of the nose; aka nosebleed
epistaxis
inflammation of the paranasal sinuses
sinusitis
inflammation of a tonsil
tonsillitus
acute & severe inflammation & obstruction of the upper respiratory tract usually occuring 3 months to 3 years of age (more common in boys)
croup
inflammation of the epiglottis
epiglottitis
a diffuse extravascular accumulation of fluid in the pulmonary tissues and air spaces
pulmonary edema
hypertrophy & failure of the right ventricle of the heart. due to chronic lung disease
cor pulmonale
an acute bronchopneumonia disease caused by a G- bacillus
Legionnaire's Disease
collapsed or airless condition of all or part of the lung
atelectasis
collection of air/gas in the pleural cavity from lung or outside
pneumothorax
acute inflammation of the resp. bronchioles, alveolar ducts/sacs & alveoli. may be unilateral or bilateral
pneumonia
a mass of undissolved matter in the pulmonary artery or one of its branches
pulmonary embolism
excess of fluid between the parietal & visceral pleural membranes
pleural effusion
inflammation of the visceral & parietal pleural membranes around each lung
pleurisy (pleuritis)
passageways become obstructed w/ mucus. air reaches the alveoli in the lungs during inhalation but may not be able to escape during exhalation
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) *OR* chronic obstructive lung disease (COLD)
permanent abnormal dilation of small & medium-sized bronchi resulting from the destruction of muscular & elastic components of the bronchial walls. usually bilateral involving the lower lobes
bronchiectasis
a sow-developing bacterial lung infection characterized by progressive necrosis of lung tissue
tuberculosis
results from the inhalation of quartz dust
silicosis
form of pneumonconiosis resulting from exposure to asbestos fibers
asbestosis
beryllium poisoning, usually of the lungs
berylliosis
caused by the accumulation of carbon deposits in the lungs
anthracosis