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61 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
In open chain motion the talus remains part of leg.
TRUE
The tib posterior easily undergoes phasic change.
FALSE
During the majority of stance the STJ supinates.
TRUE
Metatarsus adductus occurs at LisFranc’s Joint.
TRUE
The peroneus longus is a supinator during stance.
TRUE
During stance the STJ passes through the neutral position twice.
TRUE
The vertical component of force in gait is above body weight during mid-stance.
FALSE
The calcaneo-fib ligament is usually injured in an ankle sprain.
FALSE
Master Knot of Henry is attached to the navicular.
TRUE
With limb length inequality the short side supinates.
TRUE
A normal sub-talar position is neither pronated or supinated.
TRUE
Compensation may be considered normal or abnormal
TRUE
The mid-tarsal joint is considered to be ball and socket
FALSE
The Tibia externally rotates with knee extension
TRUE
Internal leg rotation at heel strike initiates open chain pronation
FALSE
A normal foot pronates twice as much as is supinates
FALSE
Bunions are primarily caused by tight shoes
FALSE
Torque conversion occurs during open chain motion
FALSE
The 1st ray has a pronatory / supinatory axis
FALSE
Internal femoral torsion and genu valgum are often seen together.
TRUE
When treating external torsions with night splints, hyperpronation will be created.
FALSE
Rearfoot varus deformities compensate to calcaneal perpendicular positions if possible.
TRUE
Hypermobility of the first ray is the precursor to degenerative join disease of the first MTPJ.
TRUE
Metatarsus primus elevatus may be functional or structural.
TRUE
Forefoot supination normally occurs during contact phase around the oblique mid tarsal axis.
FALSE
Disparity of gluteal folds may be suggestive of congenital dislocated hip.
TRUE
Genu valgum at age 5 may be normal.
TRUE
Considering most children outgrow internal tibial torsion no treatment of any kind is necessary.
FALSE
Dynamic splinting is more physiologic than static splinting.
TRUE
When the MTJ is maximaly pronated and locked, it can still supinate.
TRUE
Isotonic contractions are eccentric.
FALSE
Stabilizing antagonisitic muscles may exhibit isometric activity.
TRUE
The sesamoid apparatus is an extension of the first ray in propulsion.
TRUE
Length-tension ratio is related to muscle strength.
TRUE
Heel lifts are most effective in treating limb length discrepancy long-term.
FALSE
The fifth ray has apronatory/supinatory axis.
TRUE
In a partially compensated tibial varum, plantarflexion of the 1st ray may occur.
FALSE
Calcaneal navicular bar will restrict subtalar and midtarsal motion.
TRUE
Hypermobility of the 1st ray is commonly seen in uncompensated rearfoot varus.
FALSE
A Helbing sign is mostly associated with abduction of the calcaneus relative to the leg.
TRUE
A reverse Helbing sign may be seen in uncompensated rearfoot varus.
TRUE
At age 2, rotation of the leg on the thigh can occur even with the knee extended.
TRUE
In the pediatric population, ligamentous tears are extremely rare.
TRUE
The angle and base of gait are determined during visual gai analysis.
TRUE
Frontal plane deformity of the legs are the most destructive relative to foot symptomatology.
FALSE
A plantar lesion beneath the 4th metatarsal is often seen in partially compensated tibia varum.
TRUE
The spring ligament is supported by the tibialis posterior tendon.
TRUE
Skin splints are located along the posterior medial border of the shaft of the tibia.
TRUE
The calcaneal stance position represents the position of the calcaneus to the floor after all compensation of the foot has taken place.
TRUE
Tibialis anterior is responsible for maintaining the long axis of the midtarsal joint inverted associated with severe hyperpronation foot types.
FALSE
When tibial varum is present in association with tibial torsion, treatment should be targeted for the correction of the tibia varum?
TRUE ?
Peroneus brevis and longus are considered antagonistic.
T - PL is a supinator and PB is a pronator during gait. Firing at the same time, they fall into our definition of antagonism.
Muscle lengthening contractions are acceleratory.
F - Muscle lengthening contractions are deceleratory.
To increase hallux dorsiflexion during propulsion, the first ray must be pushed posteriorly by flexor hallucis longus.
F - The first ray is pushed back by flexor hallucis brevis, with assistance from the ab- and adductors hallucis.
The vertical component of force in gait exceeds body weight during mid-stance.
FALSE
Heel off requires triceps surae activity
F - Momentum
The 4th dorsal interosseus muscle inserts into the 3rd toe laterally.
FALSE ?
Heel spurs are caused by pull of the plantar fascia
FALSE - it is associated with, but the fascia is below the spur.
Chondromalacia of the patella is commonly seen with rigid cavus feet
FALSE - it is caused by hyperpronation.
The “Master Knot of Henry” surrounds the tibialis posterior and the flexor hallucis longus
FALSE - it surrounds FDL and FHL and is attached to the navicular plantarly.
The tibialis anterior can easily undergo phasic change
TRUE - TA is biphasic