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53 Cards in this Set

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This people knew about disease states and had healers and specialists (3000BC).
Sumers and Egyptians
This was thought to cause disease.
Spirits, worms, and intestinal decay
He was a pyramid builder and physician to the pharoh.
Imhotep
This nation was the cradle of Western medicine.
Greece
He founded a school of physicians whose writings have been preserved and is credited with an oath.
Hippocrates (460-377BC)
Greek physicians developed their knowledge by
observation and thinking and not by scientific methods.
Greek medical thinking was based on these that were related to nature.
"Humors": black bile, yellow bile, phlegm, and blood
These people advanced Greek medicine.
Romans
He identified the cardinal signs of inflammation in 30BC-38AD.
Celsus
The greates doctor of all times who worked with Gladiators and described cancer.
Galen
Medicine was stuck with this person until the Renaissance in the 13th and 14th centuries.
Galen
This guy learned from human dissectio about the bodies' muscular and skeletal system.
Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)
This guy produced a famous anatomic book still avaialble today.
Andrea Vesalius
He is credited with the first autopsies to determine the patients cause of death.
Antonio Benivieni (1443-1502)
She noticed that some diseases affect all organs while other only some--General pathology vs. Organ Systemic Pathology
Marie-Francois Bichat (1771-1802)
This guy performed 20,000 autopsies with another 60,000 under his supervision.
Carl Rokitansky (1804-1878)
He introduce the concept of cellular pathology.
Rudolf Virchow (1821-1905)
Undesired deviations from the norm.
Human diseases
Diseases are usually detected if they cause
Signs or symptoms
An Example of a Sign is
fever, high blood pressure and can be seen by a doctor
An Example of a Symptom is
Pain, drowsiness and is reported by a patient
The alteration that is visible to the naked eye
Gross examination
Alterations visible by a microscope
Histologic examination
Laboratory examinations include
Blood tests, urine samples, and DNA tests
Specialized examinations include
X-rays, ultrasound, endoscopy, and MRI
Multiple Sclerosis Pathology
Demyelination of the white matter of CNA
Sclerosis
Frequent inflammation along later ventricles
Disease etiology
the cause of the disease such as by gene defect, virus, bacteria, or injury
Pathogenesis
The disease process
Morphologic changes
Structural changes in the affected tissues
Functional Changes
Clinical manifestation ex. fever and pain
Congenital and hereditary diseases:
genetic abnormalities, cleft palate etc..
Inflammatory diseases
Infectious diseases, allergies, and gout
Metabolic diseases
thyroid disfunction, enzyme deficiencies
Neoplastic diseases
Breast cancer, lung cancer, cancers in general
Important aspects of disease.
Psychological, social, economic apsects, and treatment
The Four cardinal symptoms of acute inflammation
Rubor, tumor, dolor, calor
Two types of procedures
Non-invasive and invasive
Common lab tess
CBC (complete blood count), Serologic tests, Disease markers
Electrocardiogram
Mesures electrical activity of the heart
Electroencephalogram
Measures electrical acitivity of the brain
Electromyogram
Measures electrical activity of the muscle
P wave
Atrial depolarization
QRS complex
Ventricular depoloarization
T wave
Repolarization of the ventricle
X-rays were discoverd by
Wilhelm Rentgen
These are electormagnetic radiation identical to light but of a much shorter wavelength
X-rays and gamma rays
Light has a wavelength of
6000 angstroms
X-ray wavelength is
1 angstrom
Gamma ray wavelenght is
0.0001 angstrom
What type of rays are used?
CT uses:
PET uses:
MRI uses
External and X-rays
Internal gamma-rays
Magnetic and radiowave fields
Most common stain is
H&E (Hematoxylin and Eosin)
H is a basic dye and stains nucleic acid.
E is acidic and stains cytoplasm
PAS stain is used for
Detection of glycogen in the liver or muscle and fungi stain PAS positive
Trichrome
Collagen staining (i.e liver cirrhosis)