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20 Cards in this Set

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Name the three parts of the pancreas
head, body, tail
the two major pancreatic ducts are the
Duct of Wirsung, and the duct of Santorini
The exocrine pancreas
made up of numerous small glands containing columnar to pyramidal epithelial cells radially oriented about the gland circumference
the endocrine pancreas
consists of about 1 million microscopic clusters of cells the islets of Langerhans
A congenital anomaly of the pancreas where the head of hte pancreas encircles the duodenum is known as
Annular pancreas
microscopic changes noted in the pancreas in patients with diabetes are
reduction in the number of islets, leukocyte infiltration of islets, B-cell degranulation, subtle reduction in islet cell mass
pathophysiology of acute pancreatitis
the anatomic changes of acute pancreatitis strongly suggest autodigestion of the pancreatic substance by inappropriately activated pancreatic enzymes
chalky white areas in pancreas or surrounding soft tissue of the pancreas are known as
Fat necrosis
Congenital cyst of pancreas
believed to be result from anomalous development of the pancreatic ducts
Pseudocysts of pancreas
localized collections of pancreatic secretions that develop after inflammation of the pancreas
Mucinous cyst tumors of pancreas
multiloculated cystic neoplasm filled with mucinous secretions
most primary tumors of the pancreas arise in which part of the organ
Head of the pancreas 60%
virtually all cancers of the pancreas are
adenocarcinoma
three clinical syndromes associated with functional islet cell tumors
Hyperinsulinism, hypergastrinemia and Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, Multiple endocrine neoplasia
name four possible complications of diabetes mellitus
Microangiopathy, retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy
the classic triad of clinical findings in patients with diabetes mellitus
polyuria, polydipsia, polyhagia
within which cells of what structure of the pancreas is insulin produced
B cells within the islets of Langerhans
Microangiopathy is one complication of diabetes that is commonly believed to be related to
Hyperglycemia
the pathognomonic lesions of diabetes found in the kidney are known as
Kimmelstiel-Wilson lesion-nodular glomerulosclerosis
the most common cause of death in patients with diabetes include
renal failure, myocardial infarction and cerebrovascular disease