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40 Cards in this Set

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What is a disease
any alteration from the normal structure or function of any part of the body
Name 6 Diseases
1.Hormonal and metabolic disorders
2. immune disorder
3. degenerative disease
4. psychiatric disorder
5. infectious disease
6. neoplasia
Infectious diseases are caused by:
viruses
bacteria
fungi
protozoa
worms
acute
sudden, sever, having short course
chronic
of long duration, progressing slowly
etiology
the caused of a disease
exacerbation
worsening of disease
iatrogenic
caused by the effects of treatment
idiopathic
having no known cause
in situ
localized, noninvasive
nosocomial
describing an infectin acquired in a hospital
opportunistic
describing an infectin that occurs because of a poor or altered cond of the host
remission
lessening of disease symptoms
sepsis
presence of harmful microorganisms or toxins in the blood
septicemia
presence of pathogenic bacteria in the blood
systemic
pertaining to the whole body
trauma
a physical or psychological wound or injury
abscess
localized collection of pus
adhesion
uniting of two surfaces that would normally be separated
anaplasia
lack of normal differentiation shown by cancer cells
ascites
accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
cellulitis
spreading of inflammation
effusion
escape of fluid into a cavity
exudate
material that escapes from blood vessesl as a result of injury to tissue
fissure
groove or split
fistula
abnormal passage btwn two organs
gangrene
death of tissue
hyperplasia
excessive growth of normal cells
hypertrophy
increase in size of an orgain w/out increasing # of cells
induration
hardening, hard spot or place
lesion
distinct aresa of damaged tissue
metaplasia
converstion of cells to a form that is not normal for that tissue
polyp
a tumor attached by a thin stalk
prolapse
a dropping of an organ or part
purulent
forming or containing pus
ssuppuration
puss formation
sarcoma
malignant neoplamsm arising from connective tissue
carcinoma
malignant neoplasm composed of epithelial cells
pathogen
an organism capable of causing a disease
benign
tumors that do not spread, not cancerous