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36 Cards in this Set

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NAME THE SIX
DIVISIONS OF PATHOLOGY
1. GROSS/MORBID-ANATOMY
2. HISTO-PATHOLOGY
3. SURGICAL PATHOLOGY
4. PHYSIOLOGICAL PATHOLOGY
5. CLINICAL PATHOLOGY
6. MEDICOLEGAL PATHOLOGY
DEFINE CLINICAL PATHOLOGY
TESTS THAT ARE DRAWN IN CLINICS

EXAMPLES: BLOOD TEST, EKG'S
DEFINE SURGICAL PATHOLOGY
CHANGES THAT OCCUR IN SURGERY
DEFINE GROSS/MORBID-ANATOMY
VISIBLE TO THE NAKED EYE
DEFINE HISTO-PATHOLOGY
OCCURS AT A CELLULAR LEVEL, NEED A MICROSCOPE TO VIEW
DEFINE PHYSIOLOGICAL PATHOLOGY
THIS STUDY LOOKS AT CHANGES AND FUNCTIONS

EXAMPLE: HOW DISEASES EFFECT THE LUNGS
DEFINE MEDIO-LEGAL PATHOLOGY
ALSO CALLED FORENSIC,
THE STUDY OF ACCIDENTS, SUICIDES, HOMICIDES AND UNEXPLAINED DEATHS
WHAT AR THREE REASONS TO PERFORM
AN AUTOPSY
-CONFIRM OR ALTER A CLINICAL DIAGNOSIS

-FOR RESEARCH

-FOR MEDIO-LEGAL CASES
PROGNOSIS
FORECAST OF THE OUTCOME OF A DISEASE
EX: IS IT ACUTE OR CHRONIC?
DIAGNOSIS
DETERMINATION OF THE NATURE OF A DISEASE
LESION
ANY PATHOLOGICAL OR TRAUMATIC CHANGE IN STRUCTURE OR FUNCTION OF A PART
SIGN
VS
SYMPTOM
A SIGN IS SOMETHING OBSERVABLE BY THE SUFFERER OR PATIENT AND CAN BE DETECTED BY A DOCTOR EX: BROKE BONES

A SYMPTOM IS AN INDICATION OF A DISEASE THAT IS NOTIFIED BY THE SUFFERER AND NOT VISIBLE BY THE DOCTOR
ex: HEADACHES
DEFINE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN
ACUTE AND CHRONIC
ACUTE IS A DISEASE WITH A
SHORT BUT SEVERE CAUSE (COLDS)


CHRONIC IS A CONDITION THAT
PERSISTS OVER A LONG TIME AND HAS
A SLOW ONSET
EXPLAIN
REMISSION OF SYMPTOMS
VS
RECURRENT OF SYMPTOMS
REMISSION IS REDUCTION OR ABATEMENT OF THE SYMPTOMS OF A DISEASE


RECURRENT IS WHEN SYMPTOMS OF A DISEASE RETURN AFTER A PERIOD OF REMISSION
EXACERBATION OF
A DISEASE
IT'S THE INCREASE IN SEVERITY OF A DISEASE
CONGENITAL
DISEASE
DISEASES THAT EXISTS AT OR BEFORE BIRTH
DISEASE
ANY CHANGE OR OBSERVATION IN THE NORMAL FUNCTION OR STRUCTURE OF ANY TISSUE, ORGAN OR ORGAN SYSTEM
DEFICIENCY
A LACK OF SOMETHING
HEREDITARY
TRAITS FOR A DISEASE THAT ARE TRANSMITTED THROUGH GENETIC MECHANISMS (SICLE CELL)
ENDEMIC
A DISEASE THAT IS PRESENT AT ALL TIMES TO A CERTAIN EXTENT IN A POPULATION (COLDS)
EPIDEMIC
AN INFECTIOUS DISEASE THAT STRIKES A LARGE NUMBER OF PEOPLE IN A PARTICULAR AREA IN A SHORT PERIOD OF TIME
PANDEMIC
A WIDESPREAD EPIDEMIC
ETIOLOGY
STUDY OF THE CAUSES OF DISEASE
DEFINE PREDISPOSING CONDITIONS
CONDITIONS THAT INCREASE THE CHANCES OF A CONDITIONS BUT DO NOT ACTUALLY CAUSE THE DISEASE
NAME 6 OF THE 8 PREDISPOSING
CONDITIONS FOR DISEASES
-AGE
-RACE
SEX
-NUTRITION
-OCCUPATION
-STRESS AND EMOTION
-ENVIRONMENT
-ECONOMIC STATUS
DEFINE EXCITATORY CAUSES OF
DISEASES
CAN ACTUALLY CAUSE A DISEASE
NAME 5 OF THE 7 EXCITATORY CAUSES
OF DISEASES
-TRAUMA
-LIVING ORGANISMS
-PHYSICAL AGENTS
-CHEMICAL AGENTS
-DEFICIENCIES
-ALLERGIES
-HEREDITY
NAME AN EXAMPLE OF SEX ANOMALIES
-TURNER'S SYNDROME

-KLEINFELTER'S SYNDROME
TURNER'S SYNDROME
THEN ONE SEX CHROMOSOME IS MISSING,
PERSON APPEARS TO BE FEMALE BUT HAVE NO OVARIES
KLEINFELTER'S SYNDROME
WHEN THERE IS AN EXTRA SET OF CHROMOSOMES, APPEAR MALE BUT HAVE NO TESTES
IMMUNITY
OUR BODIES LINE OF DEFENSE AGAINST INVADING ORGANISMS
ANTIGEN
PROTEINS THAT TRIGGER AN IMMUNE RESPONSE(ANTIBODY)AGAINST FOREIGN SUBSTANCES
NAME THE TWO TYPES OF
IMMUNITY
-ACQUIRED

-INNATE
WHAT TYPE OF IMMUNITY ARE WE
BORN WITH?
INNATE
NAME FOUR TYPES OF AUTOSOMAL
RECESSIVE DISEASES
-SICKLE CELL

-PKU

-TAY-SACHS

-SEX-LINKED
DEFINE TAY-SACHS
WHEN THERE IS AN ENZYME DEFIENCE AND HAVE ABNORMAL LIPID METABOLISM, LEADS TO MENTAL RETARDATION
USU. FROM JEWISH DESCENT