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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Chole-?
Bile
Cysto-?
Sac
Cholecystogram
Only shows gallbladder
Cholangiogram?
Shows gallbladder and vessels
Cholelith?
gall stones
Cholelithiasis?
condition of gallstone
Cholecystitis?
inflamed gallbladder
Cholecystectomy?
removal of gall bladder
What causes Jaundice?
95% due to stones, 5% due to pancreatic disease
Cholecystokinin
hormone that make gallbladder contract and increases pancreatic activity
Stenosis
obstruction in biliary usually due to cholelith
patency
open
How are gallbladders now done?
Ultrasound
What is the purpose of cholecystography?
What contrast material is used?
Why is this exam outdated?
radiographic study of function of anatomy and GB
Oral Cholecystopaque taken the night before the exam.
Ultrasound is now used
What is an operative cholangiogram used for?
What positions is the c-arm used for?
Doctor injects contrast material into ducts
reveal stones and lesions
AP, RPO
When is a T-tube cholangiogram done?
Why is it performed?
May also remove stones with what type of catheter?
Post Op
To reveal any remaining stones or dilations of the biliary duct.
Basket
What is a percutaneous Transhepatic cholangiogram used for?
obstructive jaundice and to allow radiologist to remove stones.
ERCP stands for what?
What is it used for?
Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography
investigates patency of biliary/pancreatic ducts: remove stones: reveal dilitations
What are the liver's lobes?
Rt&Lt Ant, caudate, quadrate
What is the subphrenic space in relationship to the liver and in an acute abd series exam?
Above liver, under diaphragm

This is where free air goes
The major lobes of the liver are given division by what?
Falcifications
What does the liver secrete to aid in the digestion of lipids?
bile
The branches of the biliary system that join together and form the duct proximal to the gallbladder are what?
Rt and Lt hepatic branches
That portion of the biliary ducts that is beneath the cystic duct is what?
common duct
The spiral valve is seen within what structure?
cystic duct
pouch or sack like opening in the bowel
Traction Diverticulum
usually in terminal ileum, chronic inflammatory bowel disorder most common in young adults
Crohn's Disease
Open tract between the esophagus and the trachea, usually found in new borns and radiation therapy patients
Tracheosophageal Fistula
dilated veins in the esophagus
Esophageal Varices
A portion of the stomach pushes through the esophageal hiatus
Hiatal Hernia
inflammation of the mucosa of the stomach
gastritis
crater in the epithelium of the duodenum
Duodenal Ulcer
Erosion of the stomach epithelium
Gastric Ulcer
cancer of the stomach
Gastric Carcinoma
obstructed bowel, adynamic, paralytic, volvulus, and intussusception
Small bowel obstruction
telescoping of one part of the intestinal tract into another
intussusception
inflammatory bowel disease often seen in young adults. Unknown cause. Involves only mucosal layer of colon.
Ulcerative Colitis
larger number of out pouching in weakened area of bowel
carcinoma of colon
Ribs above should be done how?
Erect and on inhalation
How should ribs below be done?
supine and exhalation
On AP ribs above how many posterior ribs are shown?
10
What ribs should be shown on below?
8 through 12
For AP ribs above where do you center?

ribs below if done crossways?

lengthways?
T-7

T-12

T-10
Oblique ribs better demonstarte what part of ribs?

Where do you center?
Axillary

T-10
A deep chest takes more or less rotation for a oblique sternum?
less rotation
collection of air or gas in the pleural space causing a lung or portion to collapse
Pneumothorax
collection of fluid in the pleural cavity
Pleural Effusion
An accumulation of pus usually in the pleural space as a result of bacterial infection
Empyema
acute infection in the lungs parenchyma aspiration due to foreign particles
pneumonia
alveolar or bacterial involves the alveoli of an entire lobe and not the ____________.
Bronchi