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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Heart block
Failure of proper conductions of impluses through the AV node to the atrioventricular bundle (bundle of His)
abnormal heart rhythms.(dysrhythmias)
Rapid but regular contractions of atria or ventricles
Rapid, random, ineffectual,and irregular contractions of the heart. (350 beats or more per minute)
congenital heart disease
abnormalities in the heart at birth
coarctation of the aorta
Narrowing (coarctation of the aorta)
patent ductus arteriosus
A small duct(ductus arteriosus) between the aorta and the pulmonary artery, which normally closes soon after birth, remains open. (patent)
septal defects
small holes in the septa between the atria(atrial septal defects [ASDs] or the ventricles (ventricular septal defects [VSDs]
tetralogy of Fallot
a congenital malformation of the heart involving 4 (tetra-) distinct defects.
1) pulmonary artery stenosis
2) Ventricular septal defect
3) shift of the aorta to the right
4) hypertrophy of the right ventricle
congestive heart failure
The heart is unable to pump its required amount of blood (more blood enters the heart from the veins than leaves through the arteries).
cononary artery disease(CAD)
disease of the arteries surrounding the heart.
inflammation of the inner lining of the heart caused by bacteria(bacterial endocarditis)
hypertensive heart disease
high blood pressure affecting the heart.