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16 Cards in this Set

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Gram+ Cocci
Staphylococcus
Streptococcus
Streptococci subdivisions
beta-hemolytic (lyse RBC producing clear area around colonies
alpha-hemolytic (blood containnig media around colonies turn green)
Streptococcus beta-hemolytic strains
Group A--S. pyogenes
Streptococcus alpha-hemolytic strains
S. pneumoniae
Main Staphylococci pathogenic species
S. aureus and S. saprophyticus
(S. epidermidis is opportunistic)
Gram- Cocci
Neisseria: gonococcus and menigococcus
Gram+ Rods
Cornybacterium
Listeria
Spore-forming:
aerobic Bacillus
strict anaerobic Clostridium
Acid fast:
Mycobacterium
Nocardia
Gram - Rod
Vibrio cholerae
Psuedomonas
Enteric:
Escherichia
Salmonella
Shigella
Enterobacter
Proteus
Yersenia
Fastidious:
Haemophilus
Bordetella
Brucella
Bartonella
Legionella
Francisella
Strict anaerobes:
Bacteroides
Enteric Bacteria- Gram - Rods
E. coli
Salmonella (Typhoid fever)
Shigella (bacillary dysentery)
Yersiniae (Plague)
V. cholerae
Pseudomonas
H. pylori
Fastidious- Small Gram - Rods
Haemophilus (pneumonia and meningitis)
Bordetella (Whooping cough)
Brucella (brucellosis)
Francisella (tularemia)
Bartonella (cat scratch fever)
Legionella pneumophila (legionnaires disease)
Strictly Anaerobic Gram - Rods
Bacteroides
Atypical Bacteria Groups
Acid-Fast
Spirochetes
Chlamydiae
Rickettsiae
Mycoplasmas
Acid-Fast Bacteria
Gram + Rods**
Mycobacterium tuberculosis and leprae
Nocardia*- aerobic
Actinomyces*- strict anaerobes
Streptomyces*--- makes antibiotics

Use Ziehl-Neelsen Technique for staining
Spirochetes
Treponema pallidum (Syphilis)
Leptospira (icterohemorrhagic fever)
Borrelia recurrentis (relapsing fever)
Borrelia burgdorferi (Lyme disease)
Strictly Intracellular (Parasites)
Chlamydia trachoomatic
Rickettsiae:
Ehrlichia (typhus, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever) Have arthropod vector
Coxiella burnetii (Q fever) Vector born or acquired through inhalation
Mycoplasmas
No rigid cell wall

M. pneumoniae
Ureaplasma ureae