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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
name 3 causes of acute rhinitis
common cold, allergic rhinitus, bacterial infection
name virus most often involved in the common cold, name 4 symptoms
adenovirus, coryza, sneezing, nasal congestion, mild sore throat
which 3 organisms are involved in bacterial rhinitus, when does bacterial rhinitis usually occur
strep, staph, haemophilus, superimposed on injury to mucosal cilia (viral, allergic, environmental)
when does sinitus usually occur
nasal cavity or dental infection
name 4 causes of laryngitis and the one symptom
viruses, bacteria, irritants, voice overuse…. Hoarseness
which two throat inflammations are life threatening to children and infants respectively
acute epiglottitis, actue laryngotracheobronchitis
what is the cause of acute epiglottitis
haemophilus influ
what are the symptoms of croup (acute laryngotracheobronchitis)
harsh cough, inpiratory stridor
what is the cause of croup (acute laryngotracheobronchitis)
viruses
BREAK
BREAK
name the four malignant tumors of the nose
nasopharyngeal carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, plasmacytoma
name the three tumors of the larynx
singer's nodule, laryngeal papilloma, squamous cell carcinoma
what causes nasopharyngeal carcinoma
epstein barr (southeast asia, east africa)
what is the most common malignant tumor of the nasal cavity and larynx
squamous cell carcinoma
where is singer's nodule found and what are two causes, is it malignant
true vocals, cigarrette, voice overuse, benign
where is laryngeal papilloma found and what are the two differences between the adult and child forms, is it malignant
true vocals, child (multiple, HPV), adult (single, sometimes becomes malig), benign
what are three risk factors for squamous cell carcinoma
men, over 40, cigarettes, alcohol
what is the major symptom of squamous cell carcinoma
hoarsness
what is the difference between glottic carcinoma and supraglottic
glottic more common and better prognosis