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12 Cards in this Set

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What is the most common cause of hydronephrosis in children?
Congenital Malformation
What is the most common cause of hydronephrosis in adults?
Renal Stone (most common)
BPH
Cervical Cancer
What is the gross finding of the kidney in Hydroneprhosis?
Dialated Ureter and Renal Pelvis
What type of atrophy occurs in the renal medulla and cortex due to Hydronephrosis?
Compression Atrophy
What is the BUN:Cr in hydronephrosis?
Post-renal azotemia:
> 15 initially but w/ prolonged obstruction < 15
In which gender are renal stones more common?
Males
What are 2 major causes of renal stone devleopment?
Hypercalcuria in absence of hypercalcemia

Increased GI reabs. of calcium
What are the major types of renal stones?
Calcium (80%)

Magnesium Phosphate
What are the clinical findings of urolithiasis?
1. Sudden onset flank pain
2. N/V
3. Colicky pain radiating to groin
4. Hematuria
What is the most sensitivy diagnostic procedure to identify kidney stones?
Spiral CT
What is the x-ray finding of a kidney stone?
Radio-opaque 80%
What is the treament for calcium stones?
Thiazides