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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Tay-Sachs disease associated chromosome
Chromosome 15q
Cancer associated with calcitonin
Medullary carcinoma of the thyroid
Most common Tumor arising within bone
Multiple myeloma
Most common Lymph node affected in non-Hodgkin lymphoma
Periaortic lymph nodes
What type of erythema is seen in ulcerative colitis
Erythema nodosum
Which MEN? Parathyroid, pancreatic, and pituitary gland tumors and Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
MEN I (Wermer syndrome)
Mineral associated with hypothyroidism
Iodine
What disease is X-linked recessive, associated with eczema thrombocytopenia and an increased chance of developing recurrent infections, involves a decrease in serum IgM and in the T cell-development paracortical areas of the lymph nodes, and means that the patient is likely to develop malignant lymphoma
Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome
Hematoxylin or eosin? Collagen
Eosin
What AD renal disorder is associated with mutations of the PKD 1 gene on chrom 16 and berry aneurisms in the circle of willis and presents in the 5th decade of life with abd masses, flank pain, hematuria, HTN, and renal insufficiency?
Adult polycystic kidney disease
Ring enhancing lesions on CT of HIV pt
Toxoplasmosis
A flat, circumscribed, non-palpable pigmented change up to 1cm
Macule (a freckle)
Estrogen producing tumor of the female genital tract is characterized by Call-Exner bodies
Granulosa cell tumor of the ovary
Germ cell tumor seen in 15-35, peaking at 35 years and is a bulky mass that spreads via the lymphatic system
Seminoma
Most common Kidney stone type
Calcium oxalate
What form of GN is characteristically associated with crescent formation
Rapidly progressive GN
Ovarian cyst containing ectodermal, endodermal, and mesodermal elements
Teratoma (dermoid cyst)
The 3 platelet aggregating factors
ADP, PG, TXA2
Product(s) of arachidonic acid – Vasoconstriction and plt aggregation produced by platelets
TXA2
4 D’s of Niacin deficiency
Diarrhea, Dermatits, Dementia, Death
2nd leading cause of cancer death in females
Breast
Cri-du-chat associated chromosome
Chromosome 5p
Most common cause of lobar pneumonia
Strep pneumonia
Most common esophageal cancer in the US
Adenocarcinoma (because of Barretts)
What syndrome results if the enzyme alpha-1-iduronidase is deficient? L-iduronate sulfatase deficiency
Hurler syndrome and Hunter syndrome respectively
Most common cause of osteomyelitis overall
Staph aureus
AR disease with defect in AA 508 on chrom 7
Cystic fibrosis
Cancer associated with asbestos
Mesothelioma and bronchogenic carcinoma
Product(s) of arachidonic acid – Vasodilation, bronchospasm, and increased vascular permeability
LTC4, LTD4, LTE4
Malignant neoplasm of the skin associated with keratin pearls
Squamous cell carcinoma
Cancer associated with placental alkaline phosphate
Seminoma
Most common cause of Meningitis in neonates to 3 months of age
Strep agalactiae and E coli
Syndrome consisting of hepatomegaly, ascites, and abd pain due to hepatic vein thrombosis
Budd-Chiari syndrome
Product(s) of arachidonic acid – vasodilation
PGE2, PGD2, PGF2
What vitamin deficiency can result in high output cardiac failure
Thiamine
Most common infectious agent in HIV
Pseudomonas carinii
Which MEN? Medullary carcinoma of thyroid, pheochromocytoma, parathyroid adenomas (or hyperplasia)
MEN IIa (Sipple syndrome)
What phenotype of osteogenesis imperfecta is incompatible with life
Type II
Most common cause of Meningitis in adults
Pneumococcus
What CNS tumor cells stain positive for glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)
Astrocytoma
Most common cause of nephrotic syndrome
Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MGN)
Most common cause of Epiglottitis in an unvaccinated kid
Hemophilus influenzae type B
Charcot-Leyden crystals
Bronchial asthma (eosinophil membranes)
60 yr old man with compression spinal fracture, hypercalcemia, increased serum protein, Bence-Jones proteinuria, and monoclonal M-spike on electrophoresis.
Multiple myeloma
What AR disorder of copper metabolism can be characterized by Kayser-Fleischer rings, decreased ceruloplasmin levels and increased urinary copper excretion and tissue copper levels
Wilson disease (may present with psychiatric problems and movement disorders)
Most common Acute metal poisoning
Arsenic
What sex cell tumor causes precocious puberty, masculinization, gynecomastia in adults, and crystalloids of Reinke
Leydig cell tumor
Psammoma bodies are seen in
Pappilary carcinoma of the thyroid and ovaries, and meningiomas
What type of GN is immune complex mediated and is seen as lumpy-bumpy subepithelial deposits
Postinfectious GN
The 3 components of amyloid
Fibrillary protein, Amyloid protein, Glycosaminoglycans