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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Most common Testicular tumor in infants and children
Yolk sac tumor
Which type of herniation is assoc with CN III palsy
Transtentorial (uncal)
Type of exudate from parasitic infection
Eosinophilc exudates
What Glomerularnephritis is highly associated with hep B and C infections?
Membranoprolieferative GN (MPGN)
Calf psudohypertrophy
Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Anemia dx’ed with sucrose lysis test and Ham test
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria
Splenomegaly is more commonly associated with intravascular or extravascular hemolysis
Extravascular if it occurs in the spleen; if in the liver, it results in hepatomegaly
Syndrome with angiomatosis, renal cell carcinoma, pheochromocytomas, retinal, cerebellar, medulla, or spinal cord hemangioblastomas and epidermal cysts
Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome
What mineral is an important component of glutathione peroxidase
Cystic fibrosis associated chromosome
Chromosome 7
Most common Solid tumor in the body
What leukemia is characterized by the Philadelphia chromosomal translocation (9;22), massive splenomegaly, peripheral leukocytosis (>100,00), decreased leukocyte alk phos levels, and nonspecific symptoms of fatigue, malaise, weight loss, and anorexia
What 2 pathologies are associated with honeycomb lung
Asbestosis, Silicosis
What disease involves cold skin abscesses due to a defect in neutrophil chemotaxis and a serum IgE level higher than 2000
Job syndrome
Liver tumor associated with the pill
Hepatic adenomas
Malignant bone tumor associated w/ familial retinoblastoma
Most common complication of PDA
Subacute bacterial endocarditis
CML chromosomal translocation
Chromosome 9,22 (Philadelphia chromosome)
Aschoff bodies
Rheumatic fever
Disease that involves MR, flat face, muscle hypotonia, and a double-bubble sign on x-ray with increased risk of Alzheimer’s and ALL
Down Syndrome
Most common cause of Meningitis in renal tx pts
Listeria monocytogenes
Most common Primary malignant tumor of the female genital tract in the US
Adenocarcinoma of the cervix
Cancer associated with arsenic
Squamous cell carcinoma (skin, lung) and angiosarcoma of the liver
Peripheral blood with schistocytes, reticulocytes, and thrombocytopenia – ITP or TTP?
TTP (thrombocytopenia with megathrombocytes is more characteristic of ITP)
Most common site for carcinoid tumors
Appendix (2nd is terminal ileum)
Neimann-Pick disease associated chromosome
Chromosome 11p
Most common cause of intestinal obstruction in adults
Adhesions and hernias
First sign of megaloblastic anemia on a blood smear
Hypersegmented neutrophils
Associated with JC virus
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
What is the term for the heart’s inability to maintain perfusion and meet the metabolic demands of tissues and organs
Most common cause of restrictive cardiomyopathy
Sex + monoarticular infectious arthritis
Neisseria gonorrhea
Lymphoma characterized by CD19, CD20, CD5, CD23-neg, and chrom 11;14 translocations
Mantle cell lymphoma
Type of exudate from sunburn
Serous exudates
IgE-mediated mast cell release, C3a and C5a, and IL-1 all trigger the release of what vasoactive amine
Most common cause of Pneumonia in a neutropenic burn patient
True or False? Patients with Turner syndrome have no Barr bodies
True. Remember, the second X chromosome is inactivated, and so is the Barr body. Turner syndrome has only one X chromosome.
Most common cause of reversible HTN in US
Alcohol abuse
Triad of Felty syndrome
Neutropenia, splenomegaly, rheumatoid arthritis
Neurofibromatosis Type 2 associated chromosome
Chromosome 22q
Most common Tumor of the female GU tract
Bone disorder with brown tumors, bone pain, deformities, and fractures, due to excessive PTH
Osteitis fibrosa cystica (von-Recklinhausen disease)
What vitamin is given prophylactically to pts with alcoholism
Thiamine (B1)
H. pylori increases risk of
PUD, chronic gastritis, and gastric carcinoma
Most common Histologic variant of breast cancer
Infiltrating ductal carcinoma
Most common chromosomal abnormality associated with CLL
Trisomy 12
What form of hemophilia is x-linked recessive and is due to deficiency in factor 8
Hemophilia A
Term for twisting of the bowel around its vascular axis resulting in intestinal obstruction
What ring is a weblike narrowing of the GE jct
Schatzki ring