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50 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What pathology is associated with podagra, tophi in the ear, and PMNs with monosodium urate crystals
Gout
Most common cause of painless hematuria
Renal cell carcinoma
What percentage of the bone marrow must be composed of blast for leukemia to be considered
At least 30% blast in the bone marrow
Most common Aquired GI emergency in infancy
Necrotizing entercolitis
Most common Type of hernias in males under 500
Indirect
Cerebral vessel associated with SAH
Berry aneurysm in the circle of Willis
Most common cause of Sinusitis and otitis media in kids
Pneumococcus
Cerebral vessel associated with EDH
Middle meningeal artery
Condition with dimpling of kidney surface
Pyelonephritis
What AR disorder is due to a deficiency in glycoprotein IIb-IIIa resulting in a defect in plt aggregation
Glanzmann syndrome
Most common Chronic metal poisoning
Lead
What is the term for fibrinoid necrosis of the arterioles in the kidney secondary to malignant HGN
Onion skinning
What protein causes fibrolysis
Plasmin
Hematoxylin or eosin? Cytoplasm
Eosin
Hep virus that is a naked capsid RNA picornavirus
Hep A
Fibroblasts regeneration – labile, stable, or permanent?
Stable
RBC with a peripheral rim of Hb and a dark central Hb containing area
Target cell
Burkitt lymphoma chromosomal translocation
Chromosome 8, 14
Most common CNS tumor in kids
Medulla blastoma
How many Jones criteria is required to make dx of rheumatic fever
2 major or one major and two minor
Most common Primary malignant tumor of lung
Adenocarcinoma (30-35%)
Reinke crystals
Leydig cell tumor
Product(s) of arachidonic acid – Pain and fever
PGE2
Urinary metabolite increased in pts with carcinoid syndrome
5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA)
Which measures extrinsic? PT or PTT
PT for extrinsic (wPeT – warfarin extrinsic), hPitTT (heparin intrinsic)
Cancer associated with PSA and prostatic acid phosphatase
Prostate cancer
What skin carcinoma is a superficial dermal infiltrate of T lymphocytes seen in males more than 40 years old and presents as scaly red patches or plaques
Mycosis fungoides (cutaneous T-cell lymphoma)
Turner syndrome karyotype
45XO
What viral infection in patients with sickle cell anemia results in aplastic crisis
Parvovirus B19
Term for pelvic inflammatory disease of the fallopian tubes
Salpingitis
White spots on retina surrounded by hemorrhage
Roth spots – seen in bacterial endocarditis
Oxidation of Hb forms what in patients with G6-PD defic
Heinz bodies
Keloid collagen
Type III
Hypochromatic microcytic anemia with increased iron, decreased TIBC, increased % sat, and increased ferritin
Sideroblastic anemia
What chemical can be dangerous if you work in the aerospace industry or in nuclear plants
Beryllium
What type of acute metal poisoning involves stomach and colon erosion and acute tubular necrosis
Mercury
What CNS tumor arises from Rathke’s pouch
Craniopharyngioma
Skin condition that is a localized proliferation of melanocytes presenting as small, oval, light brown macules
Benign lentigo
The 4 chemotactic factors for neutrophils
N-formyl-methionine, LTB4, C5a, and IL-8
Term for pigmented iris hamartomas seen in pts with neurofibromatosis type I
Lisch nodules
What thyroid carcinoma secretes calcitonin and arises from the parafollicular C cells
Medullary carcinoma of the thyroid
Most common nonorganic pneumoconiosis
Asbestosis
Hematoxylin or eosin? Nucleoli
Hematoxylin
What 2 Abs are used to dx Hashimoto’s?
Antithyroglobulin and antimicrosomal Abs
Arises from adrenal medulla, displaces and crosses the midline, metastasizes early, most common solid tumor, seen 2-4 yrs
Neuroblastoma
Influx of what ion is associated with irreversible cell injury
Calcium
Codman triangle on X-ray
Osteosarcoma
Most common Tumor on sun exposed sites
Basal cell carcinoma
Most common cause of death in Diabetic
MI
What factor gets activated in the extrinsic pathway of the coagulation cascade
Factor VII (XII for intrinsic)