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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What ovarian disease involves psammoma bodies
PKU deficiency
Phenylalanine hydroxylase
Which form of emphysema is associated with alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency
Most common lobes affected in herpes encephalitis
Temporal lobes
What is the term for the appearance of the kidney in malignant HTN
Flea-bitten kidney (also seen in pyelonephritis) – has petechiae on it’s surface
What organ must metastasize for carcinoid heart disease to occur
Most common circulating Ig in plasma
What is the tetralogy of fallot?
VSD, RVH, overriding aorta, and pulmonary stenosis
Call-Exner bodies
Granulosa/thecal cell tumor of the ovary
What gene inhibits apoptosis by preventing the release of cytochrome c from the mitochondria
Multiple schwannomas, café au lait spots, Lisch nodules, chromosome 17q
Neurofibromatosis I (Neurofibromatosis II is chrom 22q with no Lisch nodules)
Most common Renal cell cancer type
Clear cell
Most common cause of UTI
E coli
What pancreatic islet cell tumor is associated with hyperglycemia, sweating, hunger, confusion, and icreased C-peptide levels?
What AD GI neoplasia produces multiple adenomatous polyps, osteomas, fibromas, and epidural inclusion cysts
Gardner syndrome
Hep virus that is an enveloped RNA flavivirus
Hep C
Cancer associated with erb-1
Squamous cell carcinoma of the lung
What stromal tumor in males is characterized histologically with crystalloids of Reinke
Leydig cell tumor
Most common cause of hypothyroidism in US
Most common cause of endocarditis following biliary infections
Enterococcus faecalis
Renal epithelial casts in the urine
Acute toxic or viral nephrosis
What 3 LTs are associated with bronchospasms and an increase in vessel permeability and vasoconstriction
LC4, LD4, LE4
Term for raised fluid filled cavity up to 0.5 cm that lies between layers of the skin
Most common Brain tumor
Which intergrin mediates adhesion by binding to lymphocyte function associated Ag 1 (LFA-1) and MAC-1 leukocyte receptors
Intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM) 1
3 enzymes that protect the cell from oxygen derived free radicals
SOD, Glutathione peroxidase, catalase
What component of the basement membrane binds to collagen type IV and hep sulfate and is a cell surface receptor
Most common CNS infection in AIDS
Most common Benign breast tumor in females under 35
What lymphoma is associated with bleeding and cryoglobulin precipitation at low temperatures, headache and confusion due to hyperviscosity, IgM M-protein spike on electrophoresis and Russell bodies
Waldenstrom’s macroglobulinemia
What CNS developmental abnormality is assoc with 90% of syringomyelia
Arnold Chiari malformation type 2
Notching of the ribs, seen on CXR in pts with postductal coarctation of the aorta is due to collaterization of what arteries?
Dilation of internal mammary arteries
The 4 DNA oncogenic viruses
HPV, EBV, Hep B, Kaposi sarcoma
Glycogen storage disease due to deficiency of muscle phosphorylase
McArdle’s syndrome
Average volume of RBC
Cancer associated with sis
Most common location of gastric ulcer
Lesser curvature of the antrum
4 causes of hypochromatic microcytic anemia with low MCV
Sideroblastic anemias (porphyrin and heme synthesis disorders), Thalassemia, Iron deficiency, Lead poisoning
What AD disorder due to a mutation in fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 results in normal-size vertebral column and skull and short, thick extremities
Most common Complement deficiency
C2 deficiency
What is the tumor at the bifurcation of the right and left hepatic ducts
Klatskin tumor
Most common colonic diverticula
Sigmoid colon
What cell type involves humoral immunity
B lymphocyte
Deletion to maternal chromosome 15 results in
Angelman syndrome
What rapidly progressive and aggressive T-cell lymphoma affects young males with a mediastinal mass (thymic)
Lymphoblastic lymphoma
Neurofibromatosis Type I associated chromosome
Chromosome 17
What are the 3 main components of amyloid
Fibrillary protein, amyloid protein, and glycosaminoglycans (mostly hep sulfate)
Painless hyperemic lesions on palms and soles associated with bacterial endocarditis
Janeway lesions
What form of hemophilia is x-linked recessive and is due to a deficiency in factor 9
Hemophilia B
Cancer associated with vinyl chloride
Angiosarcoma of the liver