Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/15

Click to flip

15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
first courtyard inside the outer walls of the castle
outer bailey
inner courtyard protected by 2 walls
inner bailey
surrounded the courtyard of the catle; could be 10 or more feet thick
wall or curtain
strongest and most heavily fortified part of caslte; last line of defense; either round or square; housed the owner and his family; great hall found here
keep
could be raised or lowered



usually over a moat
drawbridge
low walls around top edge of tower or castle wall
parapets
stone projections in walls that were like brackets to support parapets
corbels
reason parapets were built; holes in parapets used for droopping all kinds of things
machicolations
important for placement of castles so couldn't tunnel
rocky ledges
foreward gate of castle located before the main gate; offered extra potection since weakest part of castle was the gate
barbican
back gate; supposed to be secret; used for attacking and surrounding the enemy outside the castle, as an escape or the coming and going of scouts and spies
postern gate
narrow openings in catle's towers through which archers fired the arrows on the enemy below
arrow-loops
main gate to castle; made of heavy wood and reinforced with iron grating; could be raised or lowered
portcullis
living quarters over main gate; became heavily fortified and very important; sometimes owner chose to live here
gatehouse
holes in ceilinhg just after the front gate
murder holes