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12 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What class of drug is ADENOSINE (ADENOCARD)
What does ADENOSINE do
it is a naturally occuring agent that can "chemically cardiovert" PSVT to a normal sinus rhythm. It has a half life of 10 seconds and does not cause hypotension
What are the indications for ADENOSINE
Narrow, complex paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia refractory to vagal maneuvers
What are the contraindications for ADENOSINE
Hypersensitivity, 2nd and 3rd degree heart block, sinus node disease, or asthma.
What precautions are used with ADENOSINE
It may cause transient dysrhythmias, COPD
What is the dosage and route for ADENOSINE
6 mg rapidly (over 1 to 2 seconds)IV, then flush the line rapidly with saline. If ineffective, 12 mg in 1 to 2 minutes, may be repeated. Peds: 0.1 mg/kg (over 1 to 2 seconds) IV followed by a rapid saline flush, then 0.2 mg/kg in 1 to 2 minutes to max 12 mg.
What class of drug is DIAZEPAM (Valium)
Hypnotic, Anticonvulsant, Sedative
What does DIAZEPAM (Valium) do
It is a benzodiazepine sedative and skeletal muscle relaxant that reduces tremors, induces amnesia, and reduces the incidence and recurrence of seizures. It relaxes muscle spasms in orthopedic injuries and produces amnesia for painful procedures (cardioversion)
What are the indications for DIAZEPAM (Valium)
Major motor seizures, status epilepticus, premedication before cardioversion, muscle tremors due to injury, and acute anxiety.
What are the contraindications for DIAZEPAM (Valium)
Hypersensitivity to the drug, shock, coma, acute alcoholism, depressed vital signs, obstetric patients, neonates.
What precautions are taken with DIAZEPAM (Valium)
Psychoses, depression, myasthenia gravis, hepatic or renal impairment, addiction, elderly or very ill patients, or COPD. Due to a short half life of the drug, seizure activity may occur.
What are the doses and routes of DIAZEPAM (Valium)
SEIZURES: 5 - 10 mg IV/IM
Peds 0.5 - 2 mg IV/IM
Peds: 0.5 - 2 mg IV/IM
Peds 0.2 - 0.5 mg/kg IV