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40 Cards in this Set

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Decrease in cell size
Atrophy
Increase in cell size
Hypertrophy
Excessive increase in the number of cells
Hyperplasia
Change from one cell type to another that is better able to tolerate adverse conditions
Metaplasia
Abnormal changes in mature cells
Dysplasia
Most common cause of damage to a cell
Hypoxic injury
Poor circulation of blood and nutrients to tissues
Hypoperfusion
A continued state of hypoperfusion
Shock
The total amount of blood pumped by the ventricles each minute
Cardiac Output
Amount of blood returning through the veins available to the ventricle
Preload
Any Mechanism that tends to balance a change in a system
Negative Feedback Mechanisms
Pressure sensitive nerve endings found in the heart and great vessels
Baroreceptors
The resistance to blood flow in the systemic circulation
Peripheral Vascular Resistance

PVR
The pressure against which the ventricle must contract to eject it's contents
Afterload
Receptors that monitor Po2 pH and increase rate and depth of ventilation to eliminate excess CO2
Chemoreceptors
Type of shock cause by hemorrhage or severe dehydration
Hypovolemic
Type of shock that occurs when the heart's pumping action can not deliver adequate circulation for tissure perfusion
Cardiogenic
Type of shock caused by spinal cord injury that is accompanied by loss of sympathetic vasomotor tone
Neurogenic
Type of shock caused by severe allergic reaction
Anaphylactic
Type of shock caused by a serious systemic bacterial infection
Septic
Inadequate tissue perfusion
Shock
Progressive failure of two or more organ systems
MODS

Multiple Organ Dysfuntion Syndrome
Aerobic cycle for energy creation
Krebbs Cycle

36 ATP
Anaerobic cycle for energy creation
Glycolysis

2 ATP
Immunity that develops through exposure to a specific antigenic agent or pathogen
Aquired Immunity

(Immunizations)
Substance the causes the formation of an antibody
Antigen
Immunogen
Type of blood that has anti-B antibodies in the plasma
Type A
Type of blood that has anti-A antibodies in the plasma
Type B
Type of blood that has neither antibodies in the plasma
Type AB
Blood type that is referred to as the Universal Recipient
AB
Type of blood that has both anti-A and Anti-B antibodies but no antigens in the plasma
O
Blood type referred to as the Universal Donar
O
Exaggerated immune response
Allergy
Immune response against the hosts own cells
Autoimmunity
Immune response directed against beneficial foreign tissues
Isoimmunity
These receptors stimulate the contraction of smooth muscle
Alpha-1
These receptors inhibit further release of norepinepherine
Alpha-2
Receptors located in the heart
Beta-1
Receptors located in the bronchiolar and arterial smooth muscle
Beta-2
Receptors that stimulate the heart, dilate the bronchioles and blood vessels in the skeletal muscle, brain, and heart, and aid in glycogenolysis
Beta