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26 Cards in this Set

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PARALLEL PROCESSING
THE PROCESS OF SEVERAL ASPECTS OF A PROBLEM SIMULTANEOSLY; THE BRAIN'S NATURAL MODE OF INFO PROCESSING FOR MANY FUNCTIONS INCLUDING VISION

EX:the brain divides and conquers what it sees. It breaks up a scene into four components: color, motion, form, and depth. These are individually analysed and then compared to stored memories, which helps the brain identify what you are viewing. The brain then combines all of these into one image that you see and comprehend
DIFFERENCE THRESHOLD
THE MINIMUM DIFFERENCE BETWEEN 2 STIMULI REQUIRED FOR DETECTION 50% OF THE TIME; JUST NOTICEABLE DIFFERENCE

EX: ADDING SAND TO YOUR HANDS
SUBLIMINAL MESSAGES
BELOW ONE'S ABSOLUTE THRESHOLD FOR CONSCIOUS AWARENESS

EX: AS IN ADVERTISING
WEBER'S LAW
2 STIMULI MUST DIFFER BY A CONSTANT MINIMUM PERCENTAGE INSTEAD OF CONSTANT AMOUNT
SENSORY ADAPTATION
DIMINISHED SENSITIVITY AS A CONSEQUENCE OF CONSTANT STIMULATION

EX: GETTING USE TO THE SMELL OF SMOKE AFTER SMELLING IT FOR 30 MINUTES OR SO
OPPONENT PROCESS THEORY
where emotional reactions to a stimulus are followed by opposite emotional reactions.

EX:may explain why stunt people enjoy their work. First the individual will feel intense anxiety before performing a stunt and then the person will receive an opposite reaction of relief after the stunt is completed.
BOTTOM UP PROCESSING
ANALYSIS THAT BEGINS WITH THE SENSE RECEPTORS AND WORKS UP TO THE BRAIN'S INTEGRATION OF SENSORY INFORMATOIN
TOP DOWN PROCESSING
INFO PROCESSING GUIDED BY HIGHER-LEVEL MENTAL PROCESSES, AS WHEN WE CONSTRUCT PERCEPTIONS DRAWING ON OUR OWN EXPERIENCES AND EXPECTATIONS
SELECTIVE ATTENTION
THE FOCUSING OF CONSCIOUS AWARENESS ON A PARTICULAR STIMULUS

EX: WHEN READING A BOOK, YOU CHOOSE TO FOCUS ON THE WORDS INSTEAD OF THE DESK OR THE NOISES AROUND YOU
INTERPOSITION
IF ONE OBJECT PARTIALLY BLOCKS OUR VIEW OF ANOTHER, WE PERCEIVE IT AS CLOSER
COCKTAIL PARTY EFFECT
WHEN WE DROWN OUT OTHER NOISE AND FOCUS ON ONE CONVERSATION

EX: YOUR AT A CONCERT WITH YOUR FRIEND AND YOU'LL DROWN OUT THE MUSIC FOR A SECOND TO COMPLIMENT ON THE GREAT SONGS
ROSS EXPERIMENT
UMM
GESTALT
AN ORGANIZED WHOLE; people are able to see some meaningful organization and shape when individual parts are seen together

EX:(: > o) AS A FACE
VISUAL CLIFF
A LAB DEVICE FOR TESTING DEPTH PERCEPTION IN INFANTS AND YOUNG ADULTS
PROXIMITY
GROUPING NEARBY FIGURES TOGETHER

EX: SEEING 6 LINES AS 3 SETS OF 2
CONTINUITY
PERCEIVING SMOOTH, CONTINUOUS PATTERNS RATHER THAN DISCONTINUOUS ONES
CLOSURE
FILLING IN GAPS TO CREATE A COMPLETE, WHOLE OBJECT
CONVERGENCE
A BINOCULAR CUE FOR PERCEIVING DEPTH WHEN EYES CONVERGE INWARD WHEN LOOKING AT AN OBJECT THAT'S NEAR
PHI PHENOMENON
AN ILLUSION OF MOVEMENT CREATED WHEN 2 OR MORE ADJACENT LIGHTS BLINK ON OR OFF
STAGE 1 OF SLEEP
LIGHT SLEEP; BRAIN ACTIVITY DECREASES BY 50%
SUDDEN MUSCLE EXTRACTIONS
EYE MUSCLE ACTIVITY SLOW
STAGE 2 OF SLEEP
SMALL BURSTS OF BRAIN ACTIVITY BEGIN
EYE MOVEMENT, MUSCLE ACTIVITY, BRAIN WAVES BECOME SLOW
STAGE 3 OF SLEEP
DEEP SLEEP
DELTA WAVES
NO EYE OR MUSCLE MOVEMENT
DIFFICULT TO WAKE UP
STAGE 4 OF SLEEP
DEEP SLEEP
ONLY DELTA WAVES
DISORIENTATED IF AWAKEN
STAGE 5 OF SLEEP
R.E.M SLEEP
HEART RATE AND BREATHING INCREASE
EYE MOVEMENT INCREASES
HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
SHALLOW BREATHING
PARALYSIS
DREAM STAGE
MARIJUANA
MILD HALLUCINOGEN; ENHANCED SENSATION; RELIEF OF PAIN
MDMA
ECSTASY; MILD HALLUCINOGEN; STIMULANT; EMOTIONAL ELEVATION; DEHYDRATION