Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/71

Click to flip

71 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
During which decade did 1)the American Academy of Physician Assistants (AAPA) recommend that graduates of AMA's accredited programs refer to themselves as "physician assistants" and 2) legislation become enacted by states to use this terminology to reduce confusion?
1980's
True or False?

When a number of less rigorous training programs began using the generic term "physician assistant" for their students and graduates, many of the 2-year PA programs, modeled after the PA program at Duke, changed their titles to "associate".
True
True or False?

The name "Physician's Assistant was eventually changed to Physician Assistant because while some felt the " 's " was a good way to convey the dependence of the PA on a supervising physician, others felt that it understated the autonomy of PA's in the practice of medicine.
True
True of False?

A student that graduates from a Physician Assistant program acquires a different type of degree and has a different scope of practice than a graduate of a Physician Associate program.
False
PA's have historically been referred to as:

a) feldshers
b) loblolly boys
c) officers du sante
d) all of the above
d) all of the above
In the past, PA's have been referred to as all of the following EXCEPT:

a) new health practitioners
b) non-physician health care providers
c) clinical or health associates
d) extender practitioners
e) mid-level practitioners
d) extender practioners
Who originally developed the title for the profession of "physician assistant"?

a) PA's themselves
b) physicians
c) Eugene Stead
d) educators
b) physicians
Which of the following is NOT an argument for change the name PA?

a) current name does not accurately describe the role
b) some think the name is too generic
c) some consider the term "assistant" to be demeaning
d) PA's fill an important health care need
d) PA's fill an important health care need
What name did Eugene Stead originally prefer?

a) physician assistant
b) physician associate
c) clinical associate
d) junior doctor
b) physician associate
Why would the state and Fed gov't be opposed to change the name Physician Assistant?

a) it would be too easy to change the name
b) physician assistant is considered a universal term
c) it's an extremely expensive and complicated process to change the laws already on the books
d) they like the name
c) it's an extremely expensive and complicated process to change the laws already on the books
What argument do medical professionals pose for NOT changing the name?

a) it would not change the level of respect
b) "Physician Assistant" looks better on a name tag
c) the implication that PA's favor independent practices
d) A and C are both correct
d) A and C are both correct
Which is a common misconception of the role of the PA resulting from the current title?

a) that they are CNA's
b) that they are personal assistants
c) that they are medical assistants
d) all of the above
d) all of the above
Which of the following is not an example of a NPC (non-physician clinician)?

a) Physician Assistant
b) Nurse Practictioner
c) Chiropractor
d) all of the above are examples of NPCs
d) all of the above are examples of NPCs
True or false?

Currently, there are about 385, 400 Non Physician Clinicians?
True
True or False?

The supply of NPCs decreased by 40 percent between 1995 and 2005 (from 384,000 in 1995 to 228,000 in 2005), and it will continue to decrease at a similar rate thereafter.
False
The demand for NPC's is due to all of the following EXCEPT:

a) They are more willing to go to rural or inner-city areas to work
b) They are more willing to work beyond the limited office hours typically kept by physicians.
c) They are able to perform all diagnostic and treatment done by physicians.
d) They provide the good and safe service at the minimum cost.
c) They are able to perform all diagnostic and treatment done by physicians.
True/False?

The number of NPCs increased twice as rapidly as physicians over the past ten years.
True
True or False?

Initially, there was an increase in the proportion of patients obtaining preventative services from NPCs and a decrease in the proportion receiving acute care services from NPCs.
True
True or False?

The nonphysician assistant (NP, Optometrist, CRNA) may increase a physician's liability if the hiring physician does not properly supervise the employee.
True
Which of the following below best represents the non physician assistant effect on the healthcare system with respect to the physician assistant:

A) can offer a cost effective way of managing healthcare just like a physician assistant
B) can not increase the communication gap with patients just like a physician assistant
C) will free up physician's time allowing him/her to attend to more serious cases just like a physician assistant
D) A and C are both correct
D) A and C are both correct
As the number of non Physician Assistant healthcare providers steadily increases, Physician Assistants:

a) have increased competition for jobs with so many providers trying to provide primary care.
b) are under pressure to define their roles, function and value in healthcare.
c) must remember they are not independent providers like many of the non PA providers and continue to work at maintaining the interdependent relationship with physicians that the profession was built around.
d) all of the above
d) all of the above
True or False?

Recent studies have shown that patient satisfaction with interpersonal care appears to depend on communication and style and not on the type of provider giving the care. (i.e., Physician Assistant, Nurse Practitioner, or Physician)
True
True of False?

CRNAs, a non physician assistant, are generally not thought of as having an impact on the healthcare system because they only provide anesthesia in less than one third of all rural hospitals in the US and a very minimal in inner cities.
False
True or False?

ARC-PA currently recognizes Canadian and other North American countries to practice as a PA in the United States.
False
All of the following are goals the ARC-PA considers when evaluating whether a foreign trained PA should be allowed to practice in the U.S., EXCEPT:

A) The protection of the public health and safety.
B) They should reflect the PA profession’s tradition of inclusiveness and its ethical principles of fairness and non-discrimination.
C) Any policy should not seek to limit competition and should recognize the diversity of culture in the United States.
D) All of the above.
D) All of the above.
The granting of a visa to a foreign physician assistant will not entitle these individuals to practice in this country because:

a) they require a federal license
b) they must take a state accrediting exam
c) they must acquire a state license
d) foreign physicians assistants must be Doctors in their native country
c) they must acquire a state license
The INS currently recognizes the __?__ as the entity to verify the credentials of foreign-trained Physicians Assistants.

a) The Commission on Graduates of Foreign Nursing Schools
b) National Commission on Certification of Physician Assistants
c) American Academy of Physican Assistants
d) Accreditation Review Commission on Education for the Physician Assistant
a) The Commission on Graduates of Foreign Nursing Schools
True / False?

The NCCPA is the only credentialing organization for physician assistants in the United States.
True
Physician Assistants are increasing in foreign countries because:

A. Nurses are migrating from the countries.
B. New technology
C. Shortage of doctors
D. People don't like their doctors.
C. Shortage of doctors
The state licensure laws required to become a PA in the United States involve:

A) Graduation from a PA program accredited the Accreditation Review Commission on Education for the Physician Assistant (ARC-PA) or its predecessors
B) Passage of the Physician Assistant National Certification Examination (PANCE) administered by the National Commission on Certification of Physician Assistants (NCCPA).
C) Proof of education comparable to current U.S. PA programs accredited by ARC-PA and passage of a state exam, which varies by state, as well as the PANCE exam.
D) a visa to practice in the US, along with proof of comparable education and passage of the PANCE exam.
E) a + b
F) a + c
E) a + b
True/ False?

There are currently 10 ARC-PA accredited programs outside the borders of the United States.
False
In 2004, after 3 years of development and discussion by the AAPA Professional Practice Council (PPC) and other PA organizations, a framework for __?__ of foreign-trained Pas is now part of AAPA policy.

a) accepting them as qualified without reviewing their skills
b) disregarding the previous training they acquired through work and require them to complete an entire PA program curriculum
c) requirements of graduation from an accredited PA program and successful completion of the Physician Assistant National Certification Exam.
d) sending them to boot camp to see what they were made of
c) requirements of graduation from an accredited PA program and successful completion of the Physician Assistant National Certification Exam.
True or False?

The correct order for a foreign-trained PA to obtain licensure in the U.S. is as follows:

1) Apply for admission to an accredited PA program with advanced standing for foreign-trained PAs
2) Obtain a visa.
3) Apply to take the national qualifying examination.
4) Graduate from the PA program.
5) Take and pass the PANCE.
False
Florida has established an accelerated PA program for foreign trained medical school graduates. Which of the following stipulations was placed on the program by legislature?

A) Required the program to offer a Masters degree
B) Required the program obtain CHAEA accreditation
C) Required the program to offer scholarships to individuals wanting to work in underserved areas
D) Required the program to test the students every 8 weeks
B) Required the program obtain CHAEA accreditation
True or False?

Because graduation from an ARC-PA accredited school is required for PANCE eligibility, ARC-PA plans to expand its scope to credit foreign schools allowing foreign-trained PA's to register for PANCE.
False
Which of the following must be considered as ARC-PA recommends policies to state legislatures regarding foreign-trained PA's?

A) The physician assistant tradition of inclusiveness
B) Limiting competition
C) Salary of US-trained physician assistants
D) All of the above
A) The physician assistant tradition of inclusiveness
True or False?

Granting of a visa to a foreign trained PA will entitle these individuals to practice in this country.
False
Which of the following are included in the AAPA's framework for licensure of foreign trained PAs in the United States?

A) A visa screening to verify the PA education, foreign licensure, experience, and English proficiency of PAs trained abroad
B) A National standardized qualifying or pre-admission exam covering basic medical sciences with a clinical medical component
C) Entry-level PA programs that choose to offer advanced standing to foreign trained PAs with each following their own admission criteria.
D) All of the above
E) None of the above
D) All of the above
Which of the following is true regarding foreign medical graduates (FMG)?

A) FMG’s must obtain visas prior to enrolling in a residency program
B) FMG’s must graduate from an approved medical school, listed in the International Medical Education Directory
D) FMG’s must pass the same board exams as U.S medical grads
E) All of the above
E) All of the above
Who is considered a Foreign Medical Graduate?

A) Non-U.S. citizens who have graduated from medical schools in the United States and Canada.
B) Non-U.S. citizens who have graduated from medical schools outside the United States and Canada.
C) U.S. citizens who have graduated from medical schools outside the United States and Canada.
D) Both b and c
D) Both b and c
True/False?

Medical graduates from English speaking nations, such as Great Britain, Australia, and New Zealand are able to open their own medical practices in the United States without further training.
False
True/False?

All foreign medical graduates must prove proficiency of the English language.
True
True/False?

Only Foreign Medical Graduates are required to take the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) to become a recognized physician in the U.S.
False
Which organization is responsible for certifying foreign medical graduates so that they can enter a U.S residency and/or fellowship program?

A) National Foreign Medical Graduate Organization
B) Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates
C) Educational Certification Organization
D) International Organization of Foreign Graduates
B) Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates
For an international medical school graduate to become a PA in Ca, they must?

A) Graduate from an Accreditation Review Commission on Education for the Physician Assistant, Inc. (ARC-PA)-accredited PA program.
B) Pass the Physician Assistant National Certification Examination (PANCE).
C) Be licensed by the Physician Assistant Committee (PAC) of the Medical Board of California.
D) All the above
D) All the above
Which state allows certain unlicensed medical school graduates to practice as PAs only in that specific state?

a) MI
b) FL
c) CA
d) NY
b) FL
Which state does not require foreign medical graduates to pass the NCCPA exam to become a Physician Assistant, but the state education department reviews educational qualification to declare them equivalent to graduation from a physician assistant program?

a) MI
b) FL
c) TX
d) NY
d) NY
A 2004 proposed amendment to a bill in Florida meant to allow foreign medical graduates (FMG’s) to become licensed in Florida also had the additional negative impact of:

a) Revoking all current Florida PA’s licenses
b) Requiring all future licensees to have done a rotation in a foreign country
c) Allowing anyone to test for a PA license in Florida
d) Requiring all current Florida PA’s to immediately retest for their license
c) Allowing anyone to test for a PA license in Florida
True or False?

In 2001, the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) certified, temporarily, the Commission on Graduates of Foreign Nursing Schools and its International Certification of Health Professions (CGFNS/ICHP) division to review visa applications from foreign trained “physician assistants”.
True
True or False?

Graduating from an Accredited PA program or foreign medical school, and passing the PANCE exam allows one to become a certified Physician Assistant.
False
True or False?

The successful completion of an advanced placement exam by foreign medical graduates allowed enrollment into an accelerated PA program in Florida.
True
True or False?

The definition of professionalism as it relates to Physician Assistants is the expression of positive values and ideals as care is delivered.
True
Which of the following is NOT a component of professionalism:

A) Demonstrating respect, compassion, and integrity in practice
B) Understanding of legal and regulatory requirements of being a PA
C) Prioritizing one’s own interests above the interest of those being served
D) Practicing without impairment from substance abuse, cognitive deficiency, or mental illness
C) Prioritizing one’s own interests above the interest of those being served
True or False?

Demonstration of professionalism by the PA student should begin in clinical rotations.
False
Which of the following promotes the professionalism of PAs in the workplace:

A) PAs are given business cards that they can hand out to patients
B) Staff know how to introduce a PA to patients
C) PAs are given lab coats to wear that are consistent with the MD medical staff
D) Staff is educated on the professional training and role of the PA
E) All of the above
E) All of the above
A physician assistant student is out on a clinical rotation. Which of the following is not consistent with professional guidelines?

A) The student always places service of patients before personal material gain
B) The student never accepting gifts, trips, hospitality, or other items from patients
C) The student does not report illegal or unethical conduct of health care professionals because they figure they will not be at the clinical site for an extended period of time.
D) The student clearly identifies themselves as a student physician assistant and corrects people when they misidentify them
C) The student does not report illegal or unethical conduct of health care professionals because they figure they will not be at the clinical site for an extended period of time.
True or False?

It is ethical to become sexually involved with a third party, as long as the PA is not sexually linked to the patient.
False
For Physician Assistants to continuously update their skills and techniques
relevant to their clinical work, ensures that they are:

a) More cost effective
b) Less cost effective
c) None of the above
a) More cost effective
What are the advantages of clinical skills for both practitioner and patient?

A) There’s consistency between medical providers, so that patient feels they are treated fairly and equally by each provider.
B) Practitioners have a set format and guideline to approach every patient and extract the greatest amount of information per patient contact.
C) Clinical skills also allow the provider to be efficient in time.
D) All of the above.
D) All of the above.
True or False?

Two major components of clinical skills are a patient history/interview and a physical exam.
True
Clinical skills make the practitioner more cost effective by:

A) Providing team based care which is patient centered and frees the physician from the locus of care.
B) Limiting the amount of practitioners in the field so the billing fee for patient care is decreased
C) Becoming the main primary care provider so the physicians can leave the office to pursue other goals
D) Allowing the patient to provide their own diagnosis and either agreeing or disagreeing after consultation with the doctor.
A) Providing team based care which is patient centered and frees the physician from the locus of care.
Which of the following are considered clinical skills that are routinely used by Physician Assistants?

A) Pt. history taking.
B) Focused Physical exam.
C) Suturing lacerations
D) Reading X-rays
E) Diagnosing pathology slides
F) More than one of the above
G) All of the above.
F) More than one of the above
True or False

Poor clinical skills often result in more patient disclosure.
False
Good clinical skills make the practitioner more cost effective by all of the following except:

A) Making proper referrals
B) Writing appropriate prescriptions
C) Ordering proper labs and xrays
D) Giving proper medical advice
E) Filling prescriptions
E) Filling prescriptions
What is the SAAAPA?
Student Academy of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
What is the AAPA?
American Academy of Physician Assistants
What is the NCCPA?
National Commission on Certification of Physician Assistants
What is PANCE?
Physician Assistant National Certification Exam
What is ARC-PA?
Accreditation Review Commission on Education for the Physician Assistant
What is CGFNS/ICHP?
Commission on Graduates of Foreign Nursing/
International Certification of Health Professions
What is the AAPA PPC?
The American Academy of Physician Assistants Professional Practice Council