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108 Cards in this Set

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CEPHALIC VEINS

DRAINS

LATERAL ARM
.
RIGHT ATRIUM---

LOCATED: RIGHT UPPER CHAMBER

FUNCTION: RECEIVES DE-OXYGENATED BLOOD FROM THE BODY
.
LEFT ATRIUM--

FUNCTION- RECEIVES BLOOD WITH OXYGEN FROM THE VEINS IN THE LUNGS

LOCATION: UPPER CHAMBERS OF THE HEART
.
RIGHT VENTRICLE--

LOCATION: LOWER CHAMBER OF THE HEART

FUNCTION; PUMPS DE-OXYGENATED BLOOD TO THE LUNGS
,
LEFT VENTRICLE--

LOCATION: LOWER CHAMBER OF THE HEART

FUNCTION: PUMPS BLOOD THROUGH THE AORTA, ARTERIES, CAPILLARIES TO THE BODY'S TISSUES
.
TRICUSPID VALVE--

LOCATION: LOCATED BETWEEN THE RIGHT ATRIUM & RIGHT VENTRICLE

FUNCTION: HAS 3 CUSPS, AS THE RIGHT & LEFT VENTRICLES RELAX DURING THE DIASTOLE, THE TRICUSPID VALVE OPENS ALLOWING BLOOD TO FLOW INTO THE VENTRICLE, IN SYSTOLE THE TRICUSPID CLOSE TO PREVENT ANY BACKFLOW
.
SUPERFICAIAL VEINS OF THE FOOT AND LEG

LATERAL MARGINAL VEIN
DORSAL VENOUS NETWORK
GREAT SAPHENOUS VEIN
DORSAL VENOUS ARCH
MEDIAN MARGINAL VEINS
.
CENTRAL VEINS OF UPPER TORSO

AXILLARY VEIN
SUPERIOR VENA CAVA
INTERNAL JUGULAR VEIN
EXTERNAL JUGULAR VEIN
INNOMINATE VEIN
SUBCLAVIAN VEIN
INTERIOR VENA CAVA
.
JUGULAR VEIN

DRAINS

HEAD AND NECK
.
HEPATIC VEINS

DRAIN

LIVER
.
RENAL VEINS

DRAIN

KIDNEYS
.
1. CARDIO-HEART
2. PHLEBO-VEIN
3. ARTERIO-ARTERY
4. BI-TWO OR DOUBLE
5. CORONO-CROWN OR CORONARY
6. BRADY-SLOW
.
1. LYMPHO--LYMPH OR LYMPHATIC TISSUE
2. TACHY--FAST
3. -STENOSIS--NARROWING
4. -TOMY--CUTTING, INCISION
,
1. -SCLEROSIS--HARDENING
2. -PLASY--SURGICAL REPAIR
3. VASO--VESSEL, DUCT, VAS DEFERENS
4. VENO--VEIN
5. ANGIO--RELATING TO BLOOD, LYMPH VESSELS
6. TRI--TRIPLE OR THREE
/
4 REGIONS OF THE AORTA

1. ASCENDING AORTA
2. AORTIC ARCH
3. THORACIC AORTA
4. ABDOMINAL AORTA
/
MITRAL VALVE--(BICUSPID)

BETWEEN THE LEFT ATRIUM & LEFT VENTRICLE

FUNCTION: (2 CUSPS)ALLOWS BLOOD TO FLOW FROM THE LEFT ATRIUM INTO THE LEFT VENTRICLE. NARROWING OF THE VENTRICLE FORCES THE BLOOD UP AGAINST THE VALVE. THIS CLOSES THE 2 CUSPS SO THE FLOW OF BLOOD IS MOVED FROM THE VENTRICLE INTO THE MAIN ARTERY OF THE BODY (AORTA)
.
PULMINARY SEMILUNAR VALVE--

BETWEEN THE RIGHT VENTRICLE & PULMONARY ARTERY

FUNCTION: HAS 3 CUSPS THAT GROW FROM THE LINING OF THE PULMONARY ARTERY. THE CUSPS CLOSE DURING EACH HEARTBEAT TO KEEP BLOOD FROM FLOWING BACK INTO THE RIGHT VENTRICLE
.
FIRST REGION OF THE AORTA

ASCENDING AORTA (WITH 2 BRANCHES)
1. RIGHT & LEFT CORONARY ARTERY

SUPPLY MYOCARDIUM
.
AORTIC SEMILUNAR VALVE--

BETWEEN THE LEFT VENTRICLE & AORTA

FUNCTION: IT HAS 3 CUSPS THAT CLOSE WHEN THE HEART BEATS TO PREVENT BLOOD FROM FLOWING BACK INTO THE HEART FROM THE AORTA
,
CHORDAE TENDINEAE--

THEY ATTACH THE CORNERS OF THE HEART VALVES TO THE VENTRICLES

FUNCTIONS; PREVENTION OF THE VALVES FROM PROTRUDING INTO THE ATRIA AS THE HEART BEATS
.
PULMONARY ARTERY--

TAKES DE-OXYGENATED BLOOD FROM THE RIGHT VENTRICLE TO THE LUNGS
/
AORTA--

ARTERY THAT DELIVERS OXYGENATED BLOOD TO THE BODY FROM THE LEFT VETRICLE
.
SUPERIOR VENA CAVA--

VEIN THAT DELIVERS DE-OXYGENATED BLOOD FROM THE HEAD, NECK AND ARMS TO THE RIGHT ATRIUM
,
INFERIOR VENA CAVA--

ONE OF THE TWO LARGE VEINS CARRING BLOOD INTO THE RIGHT ATRIUM
.
PULMONARY VEIN--

TAKE OXYGENATED BLOOD FROM THE LUNGS TO THE LEFT ATRIUM
.
SEPTUM-

DIVIDING WALL OF HEART BETWEEN R/L SIDES OF HEART

INTERVENTRICULAR SEPTUM- BETWEEN RV/LV
INTERARIAL SEPTUM- BETWEEN RA/LA
.
PORTAL VEINS

DRAIN

GASTRIC, SUPERIOR & INFERIOR MESENTERIC, SPLENIC VEINS
.
GASTRIC VEINS

DRAIN

STOMACH
.
VASOVAGAL REACTION;

AN UNDERSIRABLE ANS RESPONSE CAUSING VASOCONSTRICTION, FREQUENTLY SEEN IN IV THERAPY PATIENTS

FEAR OF NEEDLES, HAD PREVIOUS TRAUMATIC EXPERIENCE, NOT FAMILIAR IWTH THE VENIPUNCTURE PROCEDURE
.
BLOOD PRESSURE

THE FORCE OF BLOOD AGAINST THE WALLS OF BLOOD VESSELS
.
3 TYPES OF BLOOD VESSELS

ARTERIES
CAPILLIARIES
VEINS
.
SUPERFICIAL VEINS IN HAND

BASILIC
METACARPAL
DIGITAL
CEPHALIC
DORSAL VENOUS ARCH
.
SUPERFICIAL VEINS OF THE FOREARM

CEPHALIC VEIN
ACCESSORY CEPHALIC VEIN
BASILIC VEIN
MEDIAN CUBITAL VEIN
MEDIAN
.
SECOND REGION OF THE AORTA

AORTIC ARCH (HAS 3 BRANCHES)
1. BRACHIOCEPHALIC (R SUBCL & R COM CAROTID ARTERY
2. LEFT COMM CAROTID ARTERY
3. LEFT SUBC ARTERY

SUBCLAVIN-SUPPLIES ARMS,HANDS,FINGERS
COMM CARTOID ARTERIES-SUPPLES HEAD,NECK,BRAIN
.
THIRD REGION OF THE AORTA

THORACIC AORTA

SUPPLIES ESOPHAGUS, LUNGS, CHEST WALL
.
LACTEALS--

SPECIAL LYMPHATIC CAPILLARIES IN SMALL INTESTINES THAT CARRY FATS TO THE BLOOD STREAM
.
CLUSTERS OF LYMPH NODES

1. CERVICAL LYMPH NODES--NECK
2. AXILLARY LYMPH NODES--ARMPIT
3. INGUINAL--GROIN
4. MESENTERIC--INTESTINES
5. TRACHEOBRONCHIAL--LUNGS
.
LYMPH IS MOVED THRU THE BLOODSTEAM??

1. SKELETAL MUSCLE ACTIVITY
2. CHANGES IN PRESSURE IN THORACIC CAVITY IN BREATHING
3. VALVES IN THE VESSELS

PLASMA(BLOOD CAPILLARY)>TISSUE FLUID (AROUND CELLS)>LYMPH (IN LYMPH CAPILLARY)LOCATION CHANGES ITS NAME
.
RENIN

INCREASES BP???
.
INTERNAL ILIAC VEIN

DRAINS

PELVIC ORGANS
.
SAPHENOUS VEIN

DRAINS

LEGS
.
HOW DOES BLOOD VISCOSITY AFFECT BP?

THINNER BLOOD= DECREASED BP

THICKER BLOOD= INCREASED BP
.
VASODILATION & VASOCONSTRICTION

STIMULATES THE SECRETION OF ALDOSTERONE, INCREASES THE BP
.
ADH

INCREASES BLOOD VOLUME AND BP
.
RIGHT ATRIUM
TRICUSPID VALVE
RIGHT VENTRICLE
PULMONARY SEMILUNAR VALVE
PULMONARY ARTERY
TO THE LUNGS
FROM THE LUNGS
PULMONARY VEIN
LEFT ATRIUM
MITRAL VALVE
LEFT VENTRICLE
AORIC SEMILUNAR VALVE
AORTA
.
IMPULSE THRU THE HEART

SA NODE FIRES OFF
SPREADS ACROSS BOTH ATRIA
CAUSINIG THEM TO CONTRACT
THE IMPULSES REACH THE AV NODE
TRAVELS THRU THE INTRAVENTRICULAR SEPTUM
BUNDLE OF HIS
R AND L BUNDLE BRANCHES
PURKINJE FIBERS
CAUSING THE VENTRICLE TO CONTRACT

SA NODE CAUSES A NORMAL RHYTHUM IN THE HEARTBEAT-NSR-NORMAL SINUS RHYTHUM
,
THE AUTONOMIC SYSTEM

SPPEDS AND SLOWS THE RATE TO KEEP UP WITH THE NEEDS OF THE BODY
,
HOW DOES BLOOD VOLUME AFFECT BP?

DECREASED BLOOD VOLUME= DECREASED BP

INCREASED BLOOD VOLUME= INCREASED BP
.
HOW DOES THE STRENGTH OF CONTRACTIONS AFFECT BP?

STRONG CONTRACTIONS= INCREASED BP

WEAK CONTRACTIONS= DECREASE BP
.
TONSILS, LOCATION, FUNCTION

PALENTINE-EACH SIDE OF THROAT

PHARYNGEAL-(ADNOIDS) BEHIND NASAL CAVITIES

LINGUAL-AT BASE OF TONGUE

FUNCTION- THEY FILTER BACTERIA & IMPURITIES FROM FLUIDS IN THROAT AND NOSE
.
NOREPINEPHRINE

INCREASED HR AND FORCE EQUALS INCREASED BP
.
ALDOSTERONE

INCREASES BLOOD VOLUME AND BP
.
HOW DOES HEART RATE AFFECT BP?

DECREASED HR= DECREASED BP
INCREASED HR= WILL INCREASE BP

EXTREME HR (150+) WILL DECREASE BP
.
ANH

DECREASED BLOOD VOLUME AND DECREASES BP
.
BLOOD PRESSURE GRADIENT & IMPORTANCE?

BLOOD PRESSURE HIGHEST IN AORTA
DECREASES AS BLOOD MOVES THRU ARTERIES > CAPILLARIES > VEINS
LOWEST IN SUPERIOR & INFERIOR VENA CAVA
IMPORTANT?? KEEPS BLOOD FLOWING
.
VENOUS RETURN

RETURN OF BLOOD TO THE HEART
.
HEART

FUNCTION: TRANSPORTION & IMMUNITY, TRANSPORTS OXYGEN AND CARBON DIOXIDE, DELIVERS NUTRIENTS & HORMONES, REMOVES WASTE PRODUCTS
2. LOCATION: THORACIC CAVITY BETWEEN LUNGS IN THE MEDIASTINUM W/STERNUM IN FRONT & THORACIC VERTABRAE IN BACK
3. SIZE OF FIST, CONE SHAPED, 300GRAMS
4. NARROW TIP IS THE APEX
5. BROAD PORTION IS THE BASE
.
CORONARY CIRCULATION

AORTA
R & L CORONARY ARTERIES
BRANCHES SMALLER TO CAPILLARIES
VENULES & VEINS GET LARGER & LARGER
CARDIAC VEIN (POSTERIER HEART)
CORONARY SINUS
RIGHT ATRIUM
.
PORTAL CIRCULATION

GASTRIC,SPLENIC,SUPERIOR & INFERIOR MESENTERIC VEINS

GO TO THE PORTAL VEIN
TO THE LIVER
TO THE HEPATIC VEIN
TO THE INFERIOR VENA CAVA

PROCESS NUTRIENT & DETOXIFY BEFORE IT GOES BACK IN BODY
.
SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY

SUPPLIES

ARMS, HANDS, FINGERS
.
COMMON CAROTID ARTERY

SUPPLIES

HEAD, NECK, BRAIN
.
CELIAC ARTERY

SUPPLIES

STOMACH, SPLEEN, AND LIVER
.
BRACHIOCEPHALIC ARTERY

SUPPLIES

RIGHT SUBCLAVIAN & RIGHT COMMON CAROTID ARTERY (HEAD & ARM)
.
INTERNAL ILIAC ARTERY

SUPPLIES

PELVIC ORGANS
.
EXTERNAL ILIAC ARTERY

SUPPLIES

LEGS AND FEET (GENITALIA & LOWER TRUNK MUSCLES)
.
SUPERIOR MESENTERIC ARTERY

SUPPLIES

SMALL INTESTINES AND FIRST HALF OF LARGE INTESTINES
.
INFERIOR MESENTERIC ARTERY

SUPPLIES

SECOND HALF OF LARGE INTESTINES
.
ULNAR ARTERY

SUPPLIES

MEDIAL SIDE OF THE HAND
.
POPLITEAL ARTERY

SUPPLIES

LEG AND FOOT
.
FACTORS IN VENOUS RETURN

1. VALVES IN VEINS
2. MILKING ACTION OF SKELTEAL MUSCLUES PUMP
3. CHANGING PRESSURES IN THE CHEST CAVITY CAUSED BY BREATHING
4. ADEQUATE ARTERIAL BP
5. STRONG HR OR PULSE
.
FUNCTIONS OF THE LYMPHATIC SYSTEM:

1. RETURNS TISSUE FLUID TO BLOOD (LYMPH)

2. PROTECTS BODY BY FILTERING BLOOD (LYMPH NODES) AND BY PRODUCING LYMPHCYTES FOR THE IMMUNE SYSTEM
.
THORACIC DUCT;

DRAINS LYMPH FROM THE REST OF THE BODY INTO LEFT SUBCLAVIAN VEIN
.
RIGHT LYMPHATIC DUCT

DRAINS LYMPH FROM RIGHT HEAD, NECK AND CHEST, INTO RIGHT SUBCLAVIAN VEIN

ALL PLASMA
.
LYMPH

TISSUE FLUID (INTERSTITIAL FLUID) THAT ENTERS A LYMPH CAPILLARY
.
LYMPH NODE

STRUCTURES ALONG THE LYMPHATIC VESSELS THAT FILTERS BACTERIA AND FOREIGN CELLS. PHAGOCYTES IN LYMPH NODES ENGULF AND DESTROY, THERE ARE CLUSTERS OF LYMPH NODES IN VARIOUS PARTS OF BODY
.
BLOOD;

BRINGS OXYGEN AND NUTRIENTS TO ALL CELLS AND CARRIES AWAY WASTE
.
FUNCTIONS OF THE SPLEEN

1. FILTERS BLOOD
2. PHAGOCYTIZE BACTERIA & FOREIGN SUBSTANCES
3. DESTROYS RBC'S AND SALVAGES IRON TO MAKE MORE HEMOGLOBIN (BILLIREUBIN)
4. RESORVIOR FOR BLOOD (1 PINT) FOR EMERGENGY USE)
.
SPLEEN

LOCATED UPPER LEFT QUADRANT

LARGEST LYMPHOID ORGAN
,
FUNCTION OF THE THYMUS GLAND

HELPS TO DEVELOP OUR IMMUNITY SYSTEM BY PROCESSING T CELLS
.
DIVISIONS OF CIRCULATORY

1. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM

2. LYMPHATIC SYSTEM
.
HEART-

HOLLOW MUSCULAR PUMP THAT PUMPS BLOOD INTO ARTERIES
.
CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM;

1.HEART
2.BLOOD VESSELS
3.BLOOD
.
LYMPHATIC SYSTEM;
1. LYMPH
2. LYMPH VESSELS
3. LYMPH NODES
4. THYMUS GLAND
5. TONSILS
6. SPLEEN
.
BLOOD VESSELS;

CONDUCTION SYSTEM OF THE HEART
ABILITY TO GENERATE AN ELECTRICAL IMPULSE
.
BLOOD;

BRINGS OXYGEN AND NUTRIENTS TO ALL CELLS AND CARRIES AWAY WASTE
.
LYMPH VESSELS;

CAPILLARIES UNITE TO FORM LYMPH VESSELS (WHICH ARE SIMILIAR IN STRUCTURE TO VEINS) THAT BECOME LARGER AND LARGER LYMPH VESSELS (LG.LYMPH VESSELS ARE: THORACIC DUCT AND RIGHT LYMPHATIC DUCT)
.
LYMPH NODES;

STRUCTURES ALONG THE LYMPHATIC VESSELS THAT FILTERS BACTERIA AND FOREIGN CELLS, PHAGOCYTES IN LYMPH NODES ENGULF & DESTROY, THERE ARE CLUSTERS OF LYMPH NODES IN VARIOUS PARTS OF THE BODY
.
TONSILS;

GROUP OF ORGANS
MASSES OF LYMPHOID TISSUE LOCATED UNDER THE MUCOUS MEMBRANES IN MOUTH AND BACK OF THROAT
.
THYMUS GLAND;

SMALL LYMPHOID ORGAN LOCATED IN THE MEDIASTINUM

HELPS TO DEVELOP OUR IMMUNITY SYSTEM BY PROCESSING T CELLS
.
SPLEEN;

LARGEST ORGAN CONTAINING LYMPH NODES
.
PERICARDIUM-OUTER SAC OF THE HEART
EPICARDIUM-OUTER LAYER OF THE HEART

MYOCARDIUM-MIDDLE LAYER-CARDIAC MUSCLE

ENDOCARDIUM-INNER LAYER-SMOOTH MUSCLE(VALVES ARE CONTINOUS WITH THIS LINING)
.
AV VALVES

ATRIOVENTRICULAR VALVES BETWEEN THE ATRIA AND THE VENTRICLES
.
TV VALVE

TRICUSPID VALVE- BETWEEN THE RA & RV
.
MV VALVE

MITRAL VALVE (BICUSPID) BETWEEN THE LA & LV
.
PULMONARY SEMI LUNAR VALVE

BETWEEN RV AND PULMONARY ARTERY
.
AORTIC SEMI LUNAR VALVE

LOCATED BETWEEN THE LV AND THE AORTA
.
SYSTOLE CYCLE-CONTRACTION OF HEART
ATRIA CONTRACT
FORCES REMAINING BLOOD INTO VENTRICLES
VENTRICLES CONTRACT
PRESSUE INSIDE VENTRICLES INCREASE
AV VALVES CLOSE (LUB)
VENTRICLES CONTRACT
PRESSURE INCREASES
LV OPENS
BLOOD RUSHES OUT OF VENTRICLES INTO PULMONARY ARTERY
.
DIASTOLE-RELAXATION OF THE HEART

VENTRICLES RELAX
BACKFLOW OF BLOOD IN PULMONARY ARTERY & AORTA
SL VALVES CLOSE (DUP)
PRESSURE IN VENTRICLES DECREASE
AV VALVES OPEN
VENTRICLES FILL WITH BLOOD
.
HEART SOUNDS

LUP-CAUSED BY VIBRATION & CLOSURE OF AV VALVES DURING CONTRACTION OF THE VENTRICLES

DUP-CAUSED BY CLOSURE OF THE SEMILUNAR VALVES DURING RELAXATION OF THE VENTRICLES
.
SEPTUM

DIVIDING WALL OF HEART BETWEEN R & L SIDES OF HEART
.
CORONARY SINUS

THE WIDE CHANNEL, IN THE LEFT UPPER HEART CHAMBER (ATRIUM) WHICH IS ABOUT ONE INCH LONG
.
CARDIAC OUTPUT

VOLUME OF BLOOD PUMPED BY VENTRICLES PER MINUTE (STROKE VOLUME X PULSE = CARDIAC OUTPUT)
.
VENOUS RETURN

BLOOD OXYGENATED IN THE LUNGS & RETURNS TO THE LEFT ATRIUM TO THE LEFT VENTRICLE THROUGH THE AORTA & AROUND THE BODY
.
VISCOSITY

THE THICKNESS OR STICKINESS OF BLOOD OR A FLUID
.
ARTERIES

1. CARRY BLOOD FROM HEART
2. THICKER WALLS
3. CAN DILATE & CONTRICT (MAINTAIN BP)
4. MOST CARRY OXYGENATED BLOOD
5. LOCATED IN DEEP-WELLED PROTECTED AREA
6. NO VALVES
7. PULMONARY ARTERIES CARRY DE-OXYGENATED BLOOD
.
CAPILLARIES

1. CARRY BLOOD FROM ARTERIES
2. SIMPLE SQUAMOUS (1 CELL THICK)
3. MICROSCOPIC-BLOOD FLOWS THRU SLOWLY SO EXCHANGES CAN OCCUR
4. NO VALVES
.
VEINS

1. CARRY BLOOD TO HEART
2. COLLAPSE MORE EASILY
3. MOST CARRY DE-OXYGENATED BLOOD
4. MORE SUPERFICIAL
5. PULMONARY VEINS-OXYGENATED BLOOD
6. HAVE VALVES
.
PULMONARY CIRCULATION

RIGHT VENTRICLE
PULMONARY ARTERIES
LUNGS
PULMONARY VEINS
LEFT ATRIUM
.