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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Nociceptive pain is injury to the tissues and is divided into ____ and ___ pain.
Somatic
Viceral
Neuropathic pain is caused by ____.
Injury to Peripheral Nerves
Somatic Pain is described as ____.
Localized and Sharp
Visceral Pain is described as ___.
Diffuse, Aching Pain
Neuropathic Pain is described as _____.
Burning, Shooting, Numb, Dead, and Cold Pain
Pain intensity scales are valuable for assessing pain and setting pain relief goals.
T or F
True
NSAID are _____.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
Aspirin and Ibuprofen
What are the adverse effects of NSAIDs?
Gastric Ulceration, Renal Failure, and Inhibition of Platelet Aggregation
How do NSAIDs work?
Inhibit COX (cyclooxygenase)
Acetaminophen inhibits COX in the CNS but not in the periphery.
T or F
True
Acetaminophen (does/does not) affect platelets.
does not
What pain is unique to cancer?
Breakthrough Pain
What are adjunct analgesics?
Drugs to complement the effects of opioids
What is Amitriptyline?
TCA
Tricyclic Antidepressant
What is Amitriptyline role in adjunct analgesics?
Reduce Pain of Neuropathic origin
What is carbamazepine?
Anti-seizure Drug
What is carbamazepine role as a adjunct analgesic?
Relieve neuropathic pain
What is CNS stimulants role in adjunct analgesics?
Enhance opioid-induced analgesia and counter act opioid-induced sedation
What are two common CNS stimulants used as adjunct analgesics?
Dextroamphetamine
Methylphenidate
What antihistamine has benefits as an adjunct analgesic? What are the benefits?
Hydroxyzine
Reduce pain and anxiety
Sedative Properties
A nerve block is nerve destruction accomplished through local injection of a neurotoxic substance.
T or F
True
Heat promotes _____ of the capillaries and (increases/decreases) elasticity of tissue.
Dilation
increases
Cold (increases/decreases) inflammation and muscle spasm.
Decreases
Pain is recorded as a fifth vital sign.
T or F
True