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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
pain indicates a problem
unrelieved pain presents both physiologic and psychological dangers to health and recovery
what is pain
whatever the experiencing person says it is, existing whenever he/she says it does.
how is pain described?
in terms of duration, location, or etiology.
acute pain
when pain lasts only through the expected recovery period; can be sudden or slow onset regardless of intensity.
chronic pain
prolonged, usually persisting over 6 months or longer, interferes w/ functioning
deep somatic
arises from ligaments, tendons, bones, blood vessels, nerves. last longer than cutaneous pain(example; ankle sprain)
cutaneous pain
originates in the skin or subcutaneous tissue.
visceral pain
pain in the abdominal cavity, cranium, and thorax. example; obstructed bowel will result in visceral pain
referred pain
pain felt in part of body remote from the organ causing pain
intractable pain
pain highly resistant to relief
neuropathic pain
result of current or past damage to peripheral or central nervous system-nerve damage
phantom pain
painful sensation perceived in a body part that is missing
phantom sensation
feeling that the missing body part is still present
pain threshold
amount of pain stimulation a person requires in order to feel pain.
hyperalgesia
exessive sensitivity to pain
pain reaction
the autonomic nervous system and behavioral responses to pain.example autonomic nervous system response is automatic reaction when your hand hits the hot stove.
pain tolerance
maximum amount and duration of pain that an individual is willing to endure.
nociceptors
receptors that transmit pain sensation; can be excited by mechanical, thermal, or chemical stimuli.
nociception
physiologic processes related to pain perception; 4 processes involved in nociception: tranduction, transmission, perception, and modulation.
transduction
injury triggers the release of biochemical mediators
transmission
transmission of pain-pain impulse travels from the peripheral nerve fibers to the spinal cord.
perception
when the client becomes conscious of pain--occurs in the cortical structures.
modulation
neurons in the brain stem send signals down to the dorsal horn of spinal cord