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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Jugular veins?
drain blood from brain
Blind-ended capillaries,

(Lymphatic circulation)
absorb excaess fluid & empty it into systemic circulation
(one direction, towards the heart)
Hemoglobin Breakdown

Systemic circulation (rest of body that lymphatic and pulmonary don't get)
carotid arties to brain

baroreceptors detect changes in bp
-carotid sinuses
chemoreceptors detect changes in pH
-carotid bodies
Hepatic vein
drains blood from liver

blood is:
-nutrient enriched
largest artery
Arterial supply to the bones
Bone stores Ca, & produces blood cells
Hypothalamic Hypophyseal Portal System (HHPS)
portal system = capillary -> vein -> capillary
Venous drainage to reproductive organs
blood contains estrogen, progesterone, & testosterone (depending if male or female)
(anterior putitary gland)
hormones: ACTH, FSH, LH, GH, TSH, PRL(prolactin)

hypothalamus stimulates these hormaones based on body needs
Pancreatic artery > Pancreas
Pancreas-"mixed gland", both endo and exocrine funct.
Blood Flow (to and from cell)
Artery- delivers oxygen & nutrients to cell

Capillary- site of exchange

Vein- drains blood w/ waste products to heart
Lymphatic circulation thru lymph nodes
-filters pathogens
-recycles excess fluids into blood circulation
Body Cell
needed to maintain homeostasis
Splenic artery > Spleen
-macrophages & lymphocytes for defense
- recycles old RBC's > 60-90 day life span
Superior and Inferior vena cavae
largest vein
low O2 high CO2
Renal arteries > kidneys
Funct. of Kidneys
- urine formation
removal of Nit. wastes products
H2O & electrolyte balance
-blood pressure reg.
vol. of H2O & Na
secretion of renin
-Erythropoietin -hormone that stim. RBC production
produce hormones
-ADH, Oxytocin
(releasing and inhibiting)
water and temp. balance
Hepatic Duct
drains bile form liver into gall bladder
Coronary arteries
deliver blood to myocardium (heart muscle)

coronary artery disease- hardening of arteries; makes it hard to pass blood -> heart attack
Hepatic Artery > Liver
Sinusoids- leaky blood
macrophages(Kupffer cells)
surrounded by
hepatocytes (liver cells)
Pulmonary circulation
pulmonary trunk > pulmonary arteries > lungs
low O2 high CO2
lungs > pulmonary veins > heart
high O2 low CO2
renal veins
drain blood from kidneys
Interstitial fluid
-15% of total body weight
- composition similar to plasma
produce in response to low bp
Exocrine (duct)
secreted into pancreatic duct > small intestine

-digestive enzymes and sodium barcarbonate produced
Arterial supply to reproductive organs
blood contains FSH & LH
Blood supply to the Lymphatic organs
-defense, fight disease
1. phagocytosis
2. production of antibodies
Endocrine Organs
arterial & venous circulation to all endocrine organs produce & release hormones
Cystic Duct
drains bile from gall bladder

cystic duct + hepatic duct = common bile duct

pancreatic digestive enzymes & bile ->common bile duct -> sm. intestines (funct. food digestion)
Endocrine (no duct)
secreted into pancreatic duct > HPV

(2 hormones produced
in pancreas: insulin
and glucagon)
Hepatic Portal Vein (HPV)
venous blood from pancreas, spleen and digestive organs delivered to liver
Funct. of Liver
-process glucose into glycogen
-produce plasma proteins (a.a) -> clotting factors, transport
-stores fat-soluble vitamins (ADEK)
-bile production (bilirubin & cholesterol)
-stores Fe
-phagocytosis by macrophages
-detoxifies drugs & alcohol
Arteries to GI tract
digestion- breakdown of food into nutirents

absorption- movement of nutrients from digestive tract into bloodstream
Venous drainage from muscle
waste products from muscle metabolism; CO2, heat, latic acid
lymph nodes
collection of lymphcytes (WBC)
located in othe areas of the body besides the neck