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36 Cards in this Set

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Jugular veins?
drain blood from brain
Blind-ended capillaries,


(Lymphatic circulation)
absorb excaess fluid & empty it into systemic circulation
(one direction, towards the heart)
Hemoglobin Breakdown

(diagram)
diagram:
Systemic circulation (rest of body that lymphatic and pulmonary don't get)
carotid arties to brain

baroreceptors detect changes in bp
-carotid sinuses
chemoreceptors detect changes in pH
-carotid bodies
Hepatic vein
drains blood from liver

blood is:
-cleansed
-nutrient enriched
Aorta
largest artery
Arterial supply to the bones
Bone stores Ca, & produces blood cells
Hypothalamic Hypophyseal Portal System (HHPS)
portal system = capillary -> vein -> capillary
Venous drainage to reproductive organs
blood contains estrogen, progesterone, & testosterone (depending if male or female)
Adenohypophysis
(anterior putitary gland)
hormones: ACTH, FSH, LH, GH, TSH, PRL(prolactin)

hypothalamus stimulates these hormaones based on body needs
Pancreatic artery > Pancreas
Pancreas-"mixed gland", both endo and exocrine funct.
Blood Flow (to and from cell)
Artery- delivers oxygen & nutrients to cell

Capillary- site of exchange

Vein- drains blood w/ waste products to heart
Lymphatic circulation thru lymph nodes
-filters pathogens
-recycles excess fluids into blood circulation
Body Cell
needed to maintain homeostasis
Splenic artery > Spleen
-macrophages & lymphocytes for defense
- recycles old RBC's > 60-90 day life span
Superior and Inferior vena cavae
largest vein
low O2 high CO2
Renal arteries > kidneys
Funct. of Kidneys
- urine formation
removal of Nit. wastes products
H2O & electrolyte balance
-blood pressure reg.
vol. of H2O & Na
secretion of renin
-Erythropoietin -hormone that stim. RBC production
Hypothalamus
produce hormones
-ADH, Oxytocin
(releasing and inhibiting)
water and temp. balance
Hepatic Duct
drains bile form liver into gall bladder
Coronary arteries
deliver blood to myocardium (heart muscle)

coronary artery disease- hardening of arteries; makes it hard to pass blood -> heart attack
Hepatic Artery > Liver
Sinusoids- leaky blood
capillaries
macrophages(Kupffer cells)
surrounded by
hepatocytes (liver cells)
Pulmonary circulation
pulmonary trunk > pulmonary arteries > lungs
low O2 high CO2
lungs > pulmonary veins > heart
high O2 low CO2
renal veins
drain blood from kidneys
Interstitial fluid
-15% of total body weight
- composition similar to plasma
renin
produce in response to low bp
Exocrine (duct)
secreted into pancreatic duct > small intestine


-digestive enzymes and sodium barcarbonate produced
Arterial supply to reproductive organs
blood contains FSH & LH
Blood supply to the Lymphatic organs
FUNCT.
-defense, fight disease
1. phagocytosis
2. production of antibodies
Endocrine Organs
arterial & venous circulation to all endocrine organs produce & release hormones
Cystic Duct
drains bile from gall bladder

cystic duct + hepatic duct = common bile duct

pancreatic digestive enzymes & bile ->common bile duct -> sm. intestines (funct. food digestion)
Endocrine (no duct)
secreted into pancreatic duct > HPV

(2 hormones produced
in pancreas: insulin
and glucagon)
Hepatic Portal Vein (HPV)
venous blood from pancreas, spleen and digestive organs delivered to liver
Funct. of Liver
-process glucose into glycogen
-produce plasma proteins (a.a) -> clotting factors, transport
-stores fat-soluble vitamins (ADEK)
-bile production (bilirubin & cholesterol)
-stores Fe
-phagocytosis by macrophages
-detoxifies drugs & alcohol
Arteries to GI tract
digestion- breakdown of food into nutirents

absorption- movement of nutrients from digestive tract into bloodstream
Venous drainage from muscle
waste products from muscle metabolism; CO2, heat, latic acid
lymph nodes
collection of lymphcytes (WBC)
located in othe areas of the body besides the neck