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7 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Sensory changes in the elderly
sensory changes with aging can greatly affect the older adult's level of fuctioning and quality of life. Vision and hearing impairments due to disease states, for example, can interfere with communication and may lead to social isolation and depression.
Dementia characteristics
Insidious onset, symptomes present for long duration,
innaccurate in answering orientaiton questions; attempts to cover up inaccracies, may try to conceal deficits, consistently performs poorly on tasks of similar difficulty, mood and behavior tend to be labile, neurlogic symptoms of dysphasia, apraxia, aor agnosia
Pseudodementia of depression characteristics
rapid onset, symptoms present for relatively short time, lack of interest in answering questions, tend to emphasize deficits, desplay marked variability in performing tasks of similar difficulty, consistently depressed, neurologic symptoms not present
Acute confusional state developing over a period of hours to days. Reason is unclear.
Symptoms of delirium
agitation, disorientation, and fearfulness- the key symptom- high risk for injuries such as a fracture from a fall.
Delirium vs Dementia
Likely: dementia to delirium
Not possible: from delirium to dementia
Hip fracture
older adults have a 20% mortality within one year of fall. 50% requred to need nursing home care.