Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is Pathophysiology
Physiology of altered health. Pathology deals with structuraland functional changes in cells tissues and organs of the body that causes or are caused by disease.
what does Patho deals with?
with the functions of the human body. with the cellular and organ changes that occur with disease as well as the effects these changes have on the body.
Difference of Family practice vs Internal Medicine Model
Family practice includes children, whereas Internal Medicine deals with adults.
What is the primary focus of primary care?
To promote prevention of disease
Leading causes of death in the 1900 & give examples
Infections. Mainly Pneumonia, tuberculosis, diarrhea and enteritis (17)
Leading causes of death today
Heart disease, cancer, and stroke (17)
Edward Jenner (1749-1823)
discovered small pox vaccination. Jenner's classic experiment was the first officially recorded vaccination. (7)
Joseph Lister 1865
Concluded that microbes caused wound infections. (7)
Florence Nightingale (1820- 1910)
English nurse that was a leading proponent of sanitation and hygiene as weapons against disease. (7)
Louis Pasteur (1822-1895)
Introduced the method to prevent the souring of wine. Techniques of pasteurization was named after him. (8)
Robert Koch (1843- 1919)
Discovered the anthrax bacillus wich was the first microorganism identified as a cause of illness. His work included ID the organism responsible for TB and the discovery of TB skin-testing material. (8)
Wilhelm Rontgen (1845- 1923)
German phsicist that discovered x rays. For the first time w/o a catastrophic event, the most hidden parts of a human body were revealed.
Paul Ehrlich (1854-1915)
German bacteriologist theorized that certain substances could act as "magic bullets," attacking disease-causing microbes but leaving the rest of the body undamaged. In 1910- discovery: using the arsenic compound Salvarsan, he had found an effective weapon against syphilis.
Alexander Fleming (1881-1955)
english bacteriologist that discovered the first antibiotic in 1928 by studing the relationship between bacterial and the mold penicillium
Discovery of insulin
Candian physician Sir Frederick Banting adn physiologist Charles Best isolated insulin form the pancreas of a dog in 1921
Etiology and pathogenesis definition
Etiology describes what sests the disease process in motion, and pathogenesis, how the disease process evolves.
Signs and symptoms
describes the structural and functional changes that accompany a disease. Symptom: subjective complaint noted by the person with a disorder. Sign: manifestation that is noted by an observer.
Acute disorder
one that is relatively severe, but self-limiting
Chronic disease
implies a continuous, long-term process
subacute disease
inermediate or between acute and chronic
Morbidity and mortality (M&M)
information about the functional effects, the effects an illness has on a person's life (morbidity) and death-producing (mortality characteristics of disease
Mortality statistics provide info about the trends in the health of a population.
The Framigham Study
Longitudinal study, which began in 1950, was set up by the U.S. Public Health Service to study the characteristics of people who would later develop coronary heart disease.
Levels of prevention
Primary: actions aimed at prevention of disease
Secondary: actions aimed at early detection and prompt treatment of desease
Tertiary: treatment and rehabilitation measures aimed at preventing further progress of the disease.