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5 Cards in this Set

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Philosophies In Physical Education:

Idealism
-Must contribute to intellectual development.

-Strength and fitness acceptable if contribution is made to personality development(self-discipline)

-Play and recreation important for well-balanced personality

-Activities centered on ideas(courage,honesty,fair play)

-Teacher is responsible for program effectiveness; guidance more important than equipment and facilities

-Reflective thinking and analyzing problems are more important than knowing rules/terms
Philosophies In Physical Education:

Naturalism
-Self-improvement rather than competition; people compete against them-selves

-Development of whole person.

-Students develop at their own rates.

-Teacher must know students' needs and rates of development

-Activities are a source of overall development, not just physical

-Self-directed activities primary for an adjustment to environment

-Play, resulting from children's interests, teaches desirable social behaviors
Philosophies In Physical Education:

Realism
-Prepare students to adjust to the world; emphasis placed on the outcome of an activity.

-Values physical fitness because of intrinsic contribution to greater productivity.

-Activities selected on basis of scientific evidence of their worth.

-Learning process emphasizes drill and orderly progression; skills separated into component parts.

-Desirable social behaviors can be developed through sports programs; winning is not stressed

-Play and recreation contribute to life's adjustments because of contact with real world
Philosophies In Physical Education:

Pragmatism
-Varied activities result on more meaningful experiences; creative problems and challenges are encouraged.

-Emphasis on social value of physical activities(interaction)

-Needs and interests of students determine curriculum

-Problem solving and self-discovery develop creativity(dance and movement education)

-Teacher is a motivator while student is "learning by doing"

-Standardization discouraged; individual differences stressed in spite of goal to integrate individual into society
Philosophies In Physical Education:

Existentialism
-Freedom to choose activities and programs

-Balanced and varied activities to satisfy individual needs and interests; diversity

-Play is used to develop creativity; "winning" has little value

-Self-knowledge is important(individual/dual activities, self-testing); through self-discovery, students students know themselves.

-Teacher serves as counselor and guide; shows students available options; students feel more responsible for education.