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98 Cards in this Set

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What are the three objectives of First Aid?
1. Save life
2. Prevent further injury
3. Prevent infection
102: First Aid
What are the ways of controlling bleeding?
1. Direct pressure
2. Elevation
3. Pressure points
4. Tourniquet (Last Resort)
102: First Aid
How many pressure points are there and what are they?
11 pressure points
1. Facial - jaw
2. Superficial temporal - temple
3. Subclavian - collar bone
4. Common carotid - neck
5. Brachial - inner upper arm
6. Brachial - inner elbow
7. Radial/Ulnar - wrist
8. Femoral - upper thigh
9. Iliac - groin
10. Popliteal - knee
11. Anterior/posterior tibial - ankle
102: First Aid
What are the symptoms/treatment for Shock?
Disruption of circulatory system
Symptons: vacant or lackluster eyes, shallow or irregular breathing, cold, pale skin, nausea, and weak or absent pulse
Treatment: lay the victim down with the feet elevated 6-12 inches. Cover them to maintain body heat. Reassure and calm the victim, if conscious.
102: First Aid
What are the 3 Classification of burns?
First: mildest, producing redness, increased warmth, tenderness and mild pain
Second: red and blistered skin, severe pain
Third: destroyed tissue, skin and bone in severe cases. Severe pain may be absent due to nerve endings being destroyed
102: First Aid
First: Sunburn
Second: Caught on fire short time
Third: Roasty toasty
What are the symptoms/treatment of heat related injuries: Heat Exhaustion?
Symptoms:The skin is cool, moist, and clammy and the pupils dilated and normal or subnormal body temperature. Usually the victim is sweating profusely.
Treatment: Move the victim to a cool or air conditioned area; loosen clothing; apply cool wet cloths to the head, groin, and ankles; fan the victim; do not allow the victim to become chilled; if the victim is conscious, give a solution of one teaspoon salt dissolved in a liter of cool water and transport to a medical facility
102: First Aid
Very hot, cool down
What are the symptoms/treatment of heat related injuries: Heat Stroke?
Symptoms: The victim is unable to eliminate excessive body heat build up. Symptoms may include hot and/or dry skin, uneven pupil dilation, and a weak, rapid pulse.
Treatment: Reduce the heat immediately by dousing the body with cold water. Apply wet, cold towels to the body and move the victim to the coolest possible place. Maintain an open airway. Place the victim on his/her back with shoulders raised slightly. Place cold packs or towels around the victim's shoulders and neck. Place additional cold packs on the ankles and groin area. Use a fan if available. A cold water bath is very helpful
102: First Aid
Very hot, but not sweating. Immediate cool down, emergency situation
What to do with Electric Shock: Personnel Rescue?
DO NOT TOUCH VICTIM WHILE CURRENT IS APPLIED. Remove current, or if unable to find switch, remove wire with broom, branch, pole, or anything made out of a non-conductive material. It may be possible to use a dry rope or cloth
102: First Aid
What to do with Electric Shock: Treatment?
Administer artificial ventilation immediately after freeing the person from the wire if the electric shock caused breathing to stop. Check the pulse since electric shock may cause the heart to stop. If you feel no pulse start CPR immediately. Get the victim to a medical facility immediately
102: First Aid
CPR
What is the method for clearing obstructed airway?
Clear food particles, foriegn objects, or loose dentures from mouth. Stand behind the victim and wrap your arms around the victim's waist. Grasp your wrist and place the thumb side of your fist against the victim's abdomen, above the navel and just below the rib cage. Give 4 quick upward thrusts to the victim. (It is recommended 4 thrusts by the American Heart Association and 5 recommended by the American Red Cross). Obstruction should pop out. If not, repeat.
102: First Aid
Heimlich manuever
What are effects of Cold Weather injuries: Hypothermia?
General cooling of body due to exposure to cold or rapidly falling tempuratures.
Symptoms: Pale/unconcious, may be taken for dead, Breathing is slow/shallow, pulse faint/undetectable, body tissues feel rigid
Treatment: Bring body tempurature back to normal, wrap in warm blankets, do not give hot drinks until regained conciousness. Get medical attention immediately.
102: First Aid
What are the effect of Cold Weather injuries: Superficial Frostbite?
Ice crystals forming in the upper skin layers after exposure to a temperature of 32 degrees or lower
102: First Aid
What are the effects of Cold Weather injuries: Deep Frostbite?
Ice crystals forming in the deeper tissues after exposure to a temperature of 32 degrees or lower
Treatment: Get victim indoors, warm with hot blankets or water bottles. Never rub frostbit areas. Get medical attention immediately
102: First Aid
What is the purpose of Naval Aviation Safety Program?
Their primary objective is to preserve human and material resources
103: General Safety Fundamentals
What is the safety responsibilities of the following personnel: Commanding Officer?
The CO will require that persons are instructed and drilled in all safety precautions and procedures, that they are complied with, and that applicable safety precautions are posted.
103: General Safety Fundamentals
What is the safety responsibilities of the following personnel: Aviation Safety Officer?
The Aviation Safety Officer is the principle advisor to the CO on all aviation safety matters. He/she will advise and assist the CO in the establishment and management of a Command Aviation Safety Program
103: General Safety Fundamentals:
What is the safety responsibilities of the following personnel: Ground Safety Officer?
The Ground Safety Officer is the principle advisor to the CO on all ground safety matters
103: General Safety Fundamentals
What is the safety responsibilities of the following personnel: Department Head?
The Department Head coordinates the department's safety program with the unit's Safety Officer and supervise the Department's Division Safety Officer
103: General Safety Fundamentals
What is the safety responsibilities of the following personnel: Division Officer?
The Division Officer will ensure that personnel comply with all safety instructions.
103: General Safety Fundamentals
What is the safety responsibilities of the following personnel: Safety Petty Officer?
The Safety PO will ensure that personnel are instructed in all safety matters and are familiar in safety instructions
103: General Safety Fundamentals
What is the safety responsibilities of the following personnel: All hands?
All personnel will familiarize themselves with safety regulations and instructions applicable to themselves and their assigned duties.
103: General Safety Fundamentals
What is the functions of the Safety Council/Enlisted Safety Committee?
A Safety Council is formed to set goals, manage assets, and review safety related recommendations. They will meet once a month and discuss safety issues and provide recommendations for improved safety procedures.
103: General Safety Fundamentals
How does the following contribute to Aviation Mishaps: Human Error?
Human error is part of nearly every mishap. It includes those personnel who may have maintained or repaired equipment or even the worker at the factory where a part was manufactured. Human error involves both physical and mental factors including ergonomics (design of the workplace), physical strength of the individual, physical stress, and mental factors including the person's attitude, behavorial factors, etc
103: General Safety Fundamentals
How does the following contribute to Aviation Mishaps: Maintenance and Support factors?
Improper maintenance, inproper priority assignments on work requests, or lack of proper quality assurance
103: General Safety Fundamentals
Sloppy maintenance
How does the following contribute to Aviation Mishaps: Administrative and supervisory factors?
Mishaps can result from an improper level of supervision or a failure to require personnel to meet personnel qualification standards. They can result from a lack of formal and informal training
103: General Safety Fundamentals
No supervision or training
How does the following contribute to Aviation Mishaps: Material failures or malfuncions?
Failures or malfunctions occurred because of faulty design, defective manufacture, or repair
103: General Safety Fundamentals
faulty equipment
How does the following contribute to Aviation Mishaps: Environmental factors?
Environmental factors include extreme exposure to heat, cold, vibration, noise, illumination, radiation, or atmospheric contaminants
103: General Safety Fundamentals
Lightning strike, bird strike
What is a Class "A" Mishap?
1. Property Damage: $1,000,000 or more
2. Fatality/permenant total disability injury
103: General Safety Fundamentals
Death, destroyed aircraft, or AIMS turret
What is a Class "B" Mishap?
1. Property Damage: $200,000 or more
2. Permenant partial disability/3 or more hospitalized
103: General Safety Fundamentals
What is a Class "C" Mishap?
1: Property Damage: $20,000 or more
2:non-fatal injury that causes any loss of time beyond the day or shift on which it occurred; or a non-fatal illness or disease that causes loss of time from work or disabilty at any time (lost time case).
103: General Safety Fundamentals
injury/illness
What is the objective of the Aviation Gas-Free Engineering Program?
Ensure a safe enviroment is maintained when working with aeronautical equipment fuel systems
103: General Safety Fundamentals
safety with fuel systems
What are some hazards associated with regards to Radio Frequency (RF) energy?
1. life-threatening electric shock
2. burns
3. biological changes
4. cataracts
103: General Safety Fundamentals
What is the purpose of the Laser Safety Hazard Control Program?
Designed to establish safety factors when dealing with lasers
103: General Safety Fundamentals
What is the purpose of a Safety Stand Down?
Devote time to safety training, awareness, and enhancement of command safety climate
103: General Safety Fundamentals
What is the concept of ORM?
Used to Identify and manage hazards that endanger naval resources
103: General Safety Fundamentals
What is ORM: Identify hazards?
1. Outline steps in operation
2. Conduct priliminary hazard analysis by listing all hazards associated with task
103: General Safety Fundamentals
list of hazards
What is ORM: Assess hazards?
For each hazard identified, determine degree of risk in terms of severity and probability
103: General Safety Fundamentals
determine how bad and if it will happen
What is ORM: Make risk decisions?
Develope risk control options. Make controls for risks depending on severity
103: General Safety Fundamentals
What is ORM: Implement controls?
Put in place controls to eliminate hazards
103: General Safety Fundamentals
What is ORM: Supervise?
1. Conduct follow-up evaluations of the controls to ensure they remain in place and have the desired effect.
2. Monitor changes
103: General Safety Fundamentals
What is the Chain of Command for Operating Forces?
1. Operational
2. Administrative
104: Chain of Command Fundamentals
1.President, Secretary of Defense, Commander of unified or specific command (Actions)
2. Secretary of Navy, Chief of Naval Operations, operating forces (paperwork)
What is the operational Chain of Command: Unified?
Element of two or more services:
Unified Commands:
Joint Forces Command
Transportation Command
Strategic Command
Geographic Commands:
Northern Command
Southern Command
Central Command
Pacific Command
European Command
104: Chain of Command Fundamentals
Navy and other forces together
What is the operational Chain of Command:
Specified?
One service with a broad continuing mission:
1. North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD)
2. Air Mobility Command (AMC)
104: Chain of Command Fundamentals
1. United States and Canada watching North America Air Space from objects
2. Military Airports
What is the purpose of operational Chain of Command:
Fleet Commanders?
Commanders of Fleet by location:
1. CINCPACFLT...........Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet; commands all Naval forces in the Pacific theater
2. CINCLANTFLT..........Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Atlantic Fleet; commands all Naval forces in the Atlantic theater
3. CINCUSNAVEUR.........Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Naval Forces Europe commands all Naval forces in the European theater
104: Chain of Command Fundamentals
Pacific Fleet
Atlantic Fleet
Europe Fleet
What is the purpose of Operational Chain of Command:
Task Force Commander?
This system, developed during World War II, further divides fleets into forces, groups, units, and elements
104: Chain of Command Fundamentals
I.E. TF 60, TF 61, TG 72
What is the purpose of Operational Chain of Command: Task Unit Commander?
Task groups may be further subdivided into task units (TU).
104: Chain of Command Fundementals
I.E. TG 72 further seperated into TU 72.1.1
Who is the Administrative Chain of Command: Secretary of the Navy (SECNAV)?
1. Dr. Donald C. Winter
2. A civilian in charge of the Department of the Navy. SECNAV is responsible for the policies and control of the Department of the Navy, including its organization, administration, operation, and efficiency.
104: Chain of Command Fundementals
Civilian
Who is the administrative Chain of Command: Chief of Naval Operations (CNO)?
1. Admiral Michael McMullen, USN
2. The CNO is the senior military officer of the Department of the Navy and outranks all other naval officers (unless a naval officer is serving as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff). The CNO is the principal advisor to the President and SECNAV on the conduct of war
104: Chain of Command Fundamentals
Military (Admiral)
Who is the Administrative Chain of Command: Fleet Commander in Chief (CINC)?
The Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet (CINCPACFLT), commands the Third and Seventh Fleets.
The Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Atlantic Fleet (CINCLANTFLT), commands the Second Fleet.
The Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Naval Forces, Europe (CINCUSNAVEUR), commands the Sixth Fleet.
104: Chain of Command Fundamentals
Different fleets
Who is the Administrative Chain of Command: Naval Air Force Commander (Type Commander/Aircraft Controlling Custodian)?
1. Directly below Commander-in-Chief, Pacific or Atlantic Fleet, in the administrative chain of command. The Commander is usually a Vice Admiral in rank.
2. Type Commanders: Command of a certain type of squadron i.e. VA, VP, VFA
3. Aircraft Controlling Custodians: term applied to air commands and COMNAVAIRSYSCOM for exercising administrative control of assignment, employment, and logistics support of certain aircraft and aircraft engines as specified by the CNO
104: Chain of Command Fundamentals
What is the purpose of Administrative Chain of Command: Functional Wing Commander?
Responsible for aircraft material readiness, administration, training, and inspection of squadrons of the wings
104: Chain of Command Fundamentals
Commodore
104: Chain of Command Fundamentals
Administrative Chain of Command: Type Squadron Commander
Responsible for the maintenance and material condition of aeronautical equipment assigned to their cognizance for the operation and support of the naval aviation mission
CO of a squadron
104: Chain of Command Fundamentals
Role of Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy (MCPON)
The MCPON is the Navy's senior enlisted member. Assigned to the office of the CNO for a three-year duty, he or she serves as senior enlisted representative of the Navy and acts as the senior enlisted advisor to the CNO and the Chief of Naval Personnel in all matters pertaining to enlisted personnel.
Representative to CNO for the enlisted
104: Chain of Command Fundamentals
Role of Fleet Master Chief
The Fleet Master Chief serves as the principle enlisted advisor to the Fleet Commander in Chief
Master Chied of Fleet
104: Chain of Command Fundamentals
Role of Force Master Chief
The Force Master Chief serve as principle enlisted advisors to various Force Group Commanders
104: Chain of Command Fundamentals
Role of Command Master Chief
1. Navy commands with 250 or more personnel assigned are eligible to have a CMC billet
2. Senior enlisted advisor of a squadron to the CO
105: Naval Aviation Heritage and Doctrine Fundamentals
Six Areas of Naval Doctrine
W-Warfare
I-Intelligence
L-Logistics
P-Planning
O-Operations
C-Command and Control
WILPOC
105: Naval Aviation Heritage and Doctrine Fundamentals
Naval aviation supports the following warfare areas: Reconnaissance/surveillance
Reconnaissance and surveillance includes the search for and interception, recording, and analysis of radiated electromagnetic energy, used in support of military operations and tasks
P-3C Operations
105: Naval Aviation Heritage and Doctrine Fundamentals
Naval aviation supports the following warfare areas: Antisubmarine
Used to locate and destroy submarines
P-3C Operations
105: Naval Aviation Heritage and Doctrine Fundamentals
Naval aviation supports the following warfare areas: Amphibious Assault
Aircraft provide bombardment by missiles, bombs, and other ordnance. Helicopters may be employed to transport troops and their equipment to be moved from the ship to the shore
Troops, equipment from sea to shore; aircraft watching over them
105: Naval Aviation Heritage and Doctrine Fundamentals
Naval aviation supports the following warfare areas: Logistics Support
Transport of troops, personnel, and cargo or equipment where needed by the military
C-130, C-9, C-40 Operations
105: Naval Aviation Heritage and Doctrine Fundamentals
Naval aviation supports the following warfare areas: Search and Rescue
Naval aircraft and helicopters may be assigned to search and rescue of downed, stranded, or disabled military personnel either by land or sea
105: Naval Aviation Heritage and Doctrine Fundamentals
Naval aviation supports the following warfare areas: Mine warfare
The use of ships, aircraft, submarines, and helicopters to locate and destroy enemy mines
105: Naval Aviation Heritage and Doctrine Fundamentals
Formation of U.S. Navy
Reason: "taxation without representation"
Date: 13 October 1775
Birthday of Navy
105: Naval Aviation Heritage and Doctrine Fundamentals
Qualities of Navy/Marine Corp support of national policies
These qualities are readiness, flexibility, self-sustainability, and mobility
105: Naval Aviation Heritage and Doctrine Fundamentals
3 Levels of War
1. Tactical
2. Operational
3. Strategic
105: Naval Aviation Heritage and Doctrine Fundamentals
Explain how Naval Intelligence Operations, more than any other service, support peace time operational decision making
Intelligence estimates, disseminated in a timely fashion, center on the focus of effort, identify critical vulnerabilities, and enhance combat effectiveness
105: Naval Aviation Heritage and Doctrine Fundamentals
Mission of Naval Logistics
Fleet-based sustainment assets include replenishment ships of the combat logistics force providing direct fleet support, combat service support units, mobile repair facilities, and advanced logistic support hubs.
Strategic sustainment is provided by air and sea assets that are shared by all Services. Successful global response to contingencies depends upon our ability to project and sustain U.S. forces in all theaters of operations.
105: Naval Aviation Heritage and Doctrine Fundamentals
Importance of planning to Naval Operations
When military action is one of the potential responses to a situation threatening U.S. interests, a plan is prepared using either the joint deliberate-planning process or crisis-action procedures
105: Naval Aviation Heritage and Doctrine Fundamentals
Coral Sea
1. 7-8 May 1942
2. Breaking of Japanese Naval Code
3. The world's first carrier verses carrier battle
105: Naval Aviation Heritage and Doctrine Fundamentals
Midway
1. 3-6 June 1942
2. Turning point of the Pacific War in World War II
105: Naval Aviation Heritage and Doctrine Fundamentals
Guadalcanal
1. 13-15 November 1942
2. The U.S.S. Juneau was involved in the battle. Navy policy was to place members of the same family on different ships, but the five Sullivan brothers,
from Waterloo, Iowa, insisted on staying together. All five brothers were killed
5 Sullivan Brothers
105: Naval Aviation Heritage and Doctrine Fundamentals
Significance of 8 May 1911
1. Birthdate of Naval Aviation
2. Purchase of 2 Glenn Curtiss Byplanes (Dupped A-1)
Birthday
105: Naval Aviation Heritage and Doctrine Fundamentals
Name of First Naval Aircraft Carrier
20 March 1922: U.S.S. Langley
105: Naval Aviation Heritage and Doctrine Fundamentals
First Jet powered Naval aircraft
21 July 1946, FH-1 Phantom
105: Naval Aviation Heritage and Doctrine Fundamentals
First jet powered aircraft operational aboard ship
10 March 1948, FJ-1 Fury
105: Naval Aviation Heritage and Doctrine Fundamentals
First Naval Aviator in space
5 May 1961: Alan Shepard
106: Enlisted Ratings Fundamentals
AB
Aviation Boatswain Mate
106: Enlisted Ratings Fundamentals
AC
Air Traffic Controller
106: Enlisted Ratings Fundamentals
AD
Aviation Machinist's Mate
106: Enlisted Ratings Fundamentals
AE
Avation Electrician's Mate
106: Enlisted Ratings Fundamentals
AK (Now SK)
Aviation Storekeeper (Storekeeper)
106: Enlisted Ratings Fundamentals
AG
Aerographer's Mate
106: Enlisted Ratings Fundamentals
AM
Aviation Structural Mechanic
106: Enlisted Ratings Fundamentals
AO
Aviation Ordnanceman
106: Enlisted Ratings Fundamentals
AS
Aviation Support Equipment Technician
106: Enlisted Ratings Fundamentals
AT
Aviation Electronics Technician
106: Enlisted Ratings Fundamentals
AW
Airwarfare Systems Operators
106: Enlisted Ratings Fundamentals
AZ
Aviation Maintenance Administrationman
106: Enlisted Ratings Fundamentals
PR
Aircrew Survival Equipmentman
106: Enlisted Ratings Fundamentals
PH
Photographer's Mate
107: Avation Fundamentals
Inertia
The willingness of an object to remain at rest or to continue is motion unless acted upon by an outside force
An object will stay in place unless moved by a force
107: Aviation Fundamentals
Acceleration
The rate of change of the speed and/or velocity of matter with time
107: Aviation Fundamentals
Speed
The rate of movement or motion in a given amount of time
107: Aviation Fundamentals
Velocity
The quickness or speed of an object in a given time and direction
107: Aviation Fundamentals
Laws of Motion: Newton's First Law
An object will remain at rest until acted upon by an outside force
107: Aviation Fundamentals
Newton's Second Law
If an object is moving at a constant speed and is acted upon by an outside force, it will act directly proportionate to the amount of force and inversely porportionate to the mass of the object
You push moving object, and depending on mass, depends on how much faster object moves
107: Aviation Fundamentals
Newton's Third Law
For every action there is an equal or opposite reaction