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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Anoxia
The absence of oxygen
Atelectasis
Collapse lung
Dyspnea
Difficult or labored breathing
Eupnia
Nomal breathing
Tachypnea
Rapid respiratory rate - usually greater than 20 breaths per minute
Bradypnea
Abnomally slow respiratory rate - usually less than 10
Hyperventilation
Increased rate and depth on ventilation
Hypoventilation
Reduced rate and depth of ventilation
Hypoxemia
Blood contains a lower than normal amount of oxygen
Hypoxia
The tissue have a decreased amount of oxygen
Rhinitis
Inflammation of the nose
Orthopnea
Inability to breathe easily unless sitting up straight or erect
Dyphonia
Hoarseness
Asphyxia
Impaired or impeded breathing
Hypercapnia
More than normal level of CO2 in blood.
Apnea
Cessation of breathing
Epistaxis
nosebleed
Mucopurulent
containing mucus or pus
Hemoptysis
blood in the sputum
Spirometry
A test in air capacity in the lung
Bronchoscopy
Procedure that permits the doctor to see the breathing passages through a lighted tube
Thoracentesis
Removal of fluid in the pleura through a needle
Hypocapnia
less than normal CO2 in blood
Pulseoximetry
Monitors oxygen saturation
Angiography
Procedure performed to view blood vessels after injecting w/ a radio-opague dye that outline them on an X-ray
Crepitus
Crackling, crinkly or grating feeling or sound under the skin, around the lungs
Cheyne Stokes
Breathing pattern marked by a period of apnea lasting 10-60 secs, followed by gradually increased depth and frequency of respiration (hyperventilation)
Kypho-scoliosis
combination of kyphosis and scoliosis
Kyphosis
Outward curvature of the spine, causing a humped back
Surfactant
Fluid secreted by the cells of the alvioli to reduce surface tension of pulmonary fluid -contributes to elastic properties of pulmonary tissues. (Lung would collapse without it)
Cyanosis
bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membrane
Chemoreceptor
a sensory receptor that responds to chemical stimuli
Vital Capacity
Maximum amount of air that can be exhaled after maximum inspiration
Reserve Volume
amount of air remaining in the lung after a force expiration
Tidal Lung Capacity
amount of air lung can hold
Tidal Volume
volume of air that is inhaled and exhaled w/normal breathing