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70 Cards in this Set

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What are Gram- motile(axial filament)
ex. Treponema pallidum
(Syphilis)
ex. Borrelia burgdorferi
(lyme disease)
Spirochetes
Aerobec microaerophilic,motile,helical/vibroid
Gram- bacteria
Helicobacter pylori (ulcers)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
(UTI, burns, wounds)
Gram- Aerobic rods and cocci
Legionella pneumophila
(pneumonia)
Gram- Aerobic rods and cocci
Neisseria Gonorrheae
(gonorrhea)
Neisseria meningitidis
(miningococcal miningitis)
Gram- Aerobic rods and cocci
Bordetella pertussis
(whooping cough)
Gram- Aerobic rods and cocci
Escherichia coli
(UTI, indicators of fecal matter, foodborne disease)
Facultatively anaerobic gram- rods
"Enterobacteriaceae"
Salmonella enteritidis
(Salmonellosis, food poisoning)
Salmonella typhi
(typhoid fever)
Facultatively anaerobic gram- rods
"Enterobacteriaceae"
Shigella spp.
(Bacillary Dysentary)
Facultatively anaerobic gram- rods
"Enterobacteriaceae"
Klebsiella pneumoniae
(pediatric wards)
Facultatively anaerobic gram- rods
"Enterobacteriaceae"
Serratia marcescens
(UTI, respiratory tract, Nosocomial Infections)
Facultatively anaerobic gram- rods
"Enterobacteriaceae"
Yersinia pestis
(Bubonic Plague, Black Death)
Facultatively anaerobic gram- rods
"Enterobacteriaceae"
Enterobacter aerogenes
(UTI, Nosocomial Infections-Hospital)
Facultatively anaerobic gram- rods
"Enterobacteriaceae"
Vibrio cholerae
(cholera)
Facultatively anaerobic gram- rods
"Vibrionaceae"
Hemophilus influenzae
(miningitis,otitis media)
*children affected*
Facultatively anaerobic gram- rods
"Pasteurellaceae"
Gardnerella vaginalis
(common cause of vaginitis)
Facultatively anaerobic gram- rods
"Pasteurellaceae"
Bacteriodes
(peritonitis)
Anaerobic, gram- straight, curved, helical rods
Rickettsia rickettsii
(rocky mountain spotted fever)
gram-
obligate intracellular parasites
Chlamydia trachomatis
(Trachoma, most common cause of blindness, non-gonococcal urethritis(NGU)
gram-
obligate intracellular parasites
Mycoplasma pneumoniae
(walking pneumonia)
no cell wall, highly pleomorphic,very small (100-250nm)
genus - mycoplasm
Staphylococcus aureus
(boils, Staph Infections)
gram+, cocci
streptococcus pyogenes
(strept throat)
gram+, cocci
Streptococcuspneumoniae
(otitis media)
gram+, cocci
Streptococcus mutans
(dental caries)
gram+, cocci
Clostridium tetani
(tetanus "lockjaw")
Endospore-forming,gram+ cocci
Clostridium botulinum
(botulism poisoning)
Endospore-forming,gram+ cocci
Clostridium perfringens
(gas gangrene)
Endospore-forming,gram+ cocci
Clostridium difficle
(antibiotic associated colitis)
Endospore-forming,gram+ cocci
Bacillius anthracis
(anthrax)
Endospore-forming,gram+ rod
Lactobacillus
Regular, non-spore forming, gram+ rods
Corynebacteria diphtheriae
(diphtheria)
Irregular, non-spore forming, gram+ rods
Mycobacterium tubericulosis
gram+, aerobic, non-motile, rods,acid fast(Mycolic acid)
Mycobacterium leprae
(leprosy)
gram+, aerobic, non-motile, rods,acid fast(Mycolic acid)
Norcardia asteroides
(pulmonary nocardiosis)
Nocardioforms, acid fast
Halococcus
Archea
high NaCl
Sulfobolus
Archea
pH 2.0,temp.>70C sulfur rich hot springs
Methanogens
Archea
H2 + CO2---> CH4
sewage sludge
Streptomyces
Actinomycetes
gram+
Herpesviridae
Herpes simplex virus (HSV-1&2)
Varicella-zoster virus (VZV)
Ebstein-Barr virus (EBV)
Cytomegalovirus CMV)
DNA
Enveloped
Papovaviridae
Human Papilloma viruses
(genital warts)
DNA
naked
Human Adenoviruses
(Respiratory/Enteric)
Adenoviridae
dsDNA
naked
Smallpox virus
Poxviridae
dsDNA
naked
Myxoma,Fibroma viruses
(benign tumor, warts)
Poxviridae
dsDNA
naked
Hepatitis B virus
(HBV-Serum hepatitis)
Hepadnaviridae
dsDNA
enveloped
Human Immunodeficiency virus types 1&2
HIV-1 found in U.S.
HIV-2 found in Africa
Retroviridae
ssRNA
enveloped
Influenza viruses
(flu)
Orthomyxoviridae
ssRNA
enveloped
Poliovirus
Rhinoviruses(common cold)
Hepatitis A virus HAV
Coxsackievirus(hand,foot and mouth disease)
Picornaviridae
ssRNA
naked
Racies virus
Togaviridae
ssRNA
enveloped
Mumps virus
Measles virus
Respiratory Syncntial virus'
(children)
Paramyxoviridae
ssRNA
enveloped
Rotavirus
(infant enteritis)
Reoviridae
dsRNA
naked
Macronutrients
elements needed in large amounts
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen,
Nitrogen
found in food macromolecules
Micronutrients
elements required in small amounts
Manganese, Zinc, Nickel, Iron
Organic Nutrients
Hydrocarbon based molecules
synthesized by living cells
Proteins, Carbohydrates, Lypids,Nucleic Acids
Inorganic Nutrients
molecules that are not hydrocarbon based
N2,O2,NH4,CO2,H2O,ZnO
Binary Fission
(Asexual Reproduction)
Parent cell divides forming two daughter cells
sometimes cell remain attached formin chains, clusters, etc.
Population
group of organisms located within a defined area
Population Growth
an increase inthe number of "viable" cells
Generation Time
a way to express population growth, the average time it takes for a cell to reproduce, generation time is affected by environmental factors (temp. nutrients, etc.)
Exponential Growth
Doubling of the population size with each generation of cells produced
Lag Phase
slow initial growth due to a readjustment of the genetic machinery to the new environment
Log Phase
Greatest rate of population growth
exponential growth
Stationary Phase
stabalized population
# of viable cells does not change over time
*Birth rate = Death rate*
Death Phase
population decline
viable # of cells decreases over time
Gracilicutes (thin skin)
gram- bacteria
Firmicutes (firm wall)
gram+ bacteria
Tenericutes (soft)
wall-less bacteria
Medosicutes (false)
Ancient Unusual Forms of bacteria
Name the 4 Classification criteria for Bacteria
1. Morphology
2. Physiological/Biochemical Characteristics
3. Serology
4. Genetic Tests
Bacteriophage Replication

(Lytic cycle)
Adsorption
Penetration
Synthesis
Assembly
Release
Bacteriophage Replication

(Lysogenic cycle)
Attachment
DNA is injected
DNA incorporated in chromosome
latentcy
induction(chem,energy turn on)
release